Infectious And Reactive Arthritis
Infectious arthritis is an infection in one of your joints that causes pain or swelling. The infection can be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi. It can start in another part of your body and spread to your joints. This kind of arthritis is often accompanied by a fever and chills.
Reactive arthritis can occur when an infection in one part of your body triggers immune system dysfunction and inflammation in a joint elsewhere in your body. The infection often occurs in your gastrointestinal tract, bladder, or sexual organs.
To diagnose these conditions, your doctor can order tests on samples of your blood, urine, and fluid from inside an affected joint.
The fingers are most commonly affected with psoriatic arthritis , but this painful condition affects other joints as well. Pink-colored fingers that appear sausage-like, and pitting of the fingernails, may also occur.
The disease may also progress to your spine, causing damage similar to that of ankylosing spondylitis.
If you have psoriasis, theres a chance you could also develop PsA.
What Are Six Early Signs Of Psoriatic Arthritis
Six early signs of PsA are joint pain and swelling, swollen fingers, nail changes, fatigue, eye inflammation, and enthesitis, which affects the places where the tendons and muscles join the bones. Around people who develop PsA already have a history of psoriasis, which causes scaly, silvery skin changes.
I Feel At A Loss Sometimes Depressed Is This Normal
Yes, this is a very normal process, a form of mourning and coming to terms with the fact that you have arthritis, and some things may have to change in your lifestyle to compensate, making things easier for you. Dont panic, try to work through your feelings, talking with a partner or someone close to you, If the feelings don’t pass, see your doctor who may be able to refer you to some form of short-term counselling.
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How Do You Know If A Chalazion Is Healing
As a chalazion heals, the contents of the lump will slowly drain. The chalazion will then get smaller.
If the chalazion affects how you see, your vision should improve if the chalazion is healing. Feelings of irritation, like eye dryness or reduced tear production, should get better.
A 2018 study examined the effectiveness of conservative measures like warm compresses, eye drops, and ointments on healing chalazia.
The study evaluated the healing process by tracking the reduction in the size of the chalazion. The authors said volume would be an ideal measurement of chalazion size. But the volume of an eye lump is hard to measure, so they opted to monitor each lumps horizontal width.
Complete resolution of the chalazion was defined as a 100% reduction in size. Otherwise, change was measured in millimeters.
Someone with a chalazion might want to monitor its size at home by taking photos and comparing them as treatment progresses to see if the lump seems to be healing.
Chalazia come with symptoms like tearing and eye irritation. This is because the oil glands are blocked, which makes it harder to produce the tears you need for healthy eye lubrication. Large chalazia can also press against the eyeball, which can cause blurry vision.
As your chalazion heals, you may experience the following:
- reduced chalazion size
Treatments For The Arthritis
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NSAIDs, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, can reduce pain, but they might not be enough to treat symptoms of psoriatic arthritis for everyone.
Some people find that NSAIDs work well at first but become less effective after afew weeks. If this happens, itmight help to try a different NSAID.
There are about 20 different NSAIDs available, including ibuprofen, etoricoxib, etodolac and naproxen.
Like all drugs, NSAIDs can have side effects. Your doctor will reduce the risk ofthese, by prescribing the lowest effective dose for the shortest possible period of time.
NSAIDs can sometimes cause digestive problems, such as stomach upsets, indigestion or damage to the lining of the stomach. You may also be prescribed a drug called a proton pump inhibitor , such as omeprazole or lansoprazole, to help protect the stomach.
For some people, NSAIDs can increase the risk of heart attacks or strokes. Although this increased risk is small, your doctor will be cautious about prescribing NSAIDs ifthere are other factors that may increase your overall risk, for example, smoking, circulation problems, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or diabetes.
Some people have found that taking NSAIDs made their psoriasis worse. Tell your doctor if this happens to you.
Steroid injections into a joint can reduce pain and swelling, but the effects do wear off after a few months.
Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs
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Early Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms
Rheumatoid arthritis also causes pain and swelling in the joints. Usually, the small joints of the fingers and toes are affected first. The most common symptom is stiffness, and it takes a long time to get the joints moving, especially in the morning.
The disease is symmetrical, meaning that if your left index finger is swollen and painful, youll usually have the same symptoms in the right index finger.
Rheumatoid arthritis can be systemic, meaning it can also affect the whole body.
Other non-joint symptoms can include:
- shortness of breath
What Are The Early Stages Of Psoriatic Arthritis
In most cases, psoriatic arthritis begins years after the initial presentation of psoriasis symptoms. Psoriasis symptoms include flare-ups of itchy, red, scaly skin.
If you have psoriasis, several things can make you more likely to develop psoriatic arthritis. These risk factors include:
- having psoriasis on your fingernails
- having a family history of psoriatic arthritis
- being between the ages of 30 and 50
- having scalp psoriasis
Like other types of arthritis, psoriatic arthritis often starts with pain and swelling in one or more of your joints. It tends to begin in the smaller joints, such as those in the fingers and toes. But you might also first notice it in larger joints, such as your knees or ankles.
You may also notice swelling in your fingers or toes. This swelling can affect the entire toe or finger, not just the joint.
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Finding The Right Treatment
With so many ways PsA expresses itself, from skin plaques to joint pain, approaches to treatment vary. For Snedden, an integrated approach works best. Luckily for me, the biologic I am on not only clears up my skin, but for the most part has also kept the inflammation down, he says. When Snedden does have PsA flare ups, he gets pain-relieving steroid injections in his knees or uses pain-stopping creams for his hands. I also found an occupational therapist who works with me and has also developed an app that helps with my hands, he explains.
Combining PsA and psoriasis treatments is also Bells approach. My treatment is mainly geared towards my PsA, however my biologic therapy is for PsA and psoriasis so it is starting to help my psoriasis flares as well, she says. Bells path to treatment was anything but easy, though. After a nasty running injury and surgery caused her PsA to go haywire, she was put on a low dose of steroids for three months in order to qualify for financial assistance with biologics. When she finally did qualify, the first biologic helped with inflammation but not morning stiffness or joint pain. Shes now on a different biologic and methotrexate injections. In addition, Bell takes folic acid, probiotics, and a variety of vitamin supplements, and uses CBD oil at night.
Even with all that, finding relief isnt easy. My psoriasis is flaring up again currently and I manage it with steroid creams and body butter to help calm my skin down, Bell says.
Psoriatic Arthritis Imaging Test: X
X-rays, which use low-dose radiation to produce images of the inside of the body, can help your doctor make a psoriatic arthritis diagnosis and monitor progression of the autoimmune condition.
X-rays allow the doctor to see changes to the bone, says Elyse Rubenstein, MD, a rheumatologist in Santa Monica, California. In people with psoriatic arthritis, X-rays may show bone erosion, new bone formation, bone fusion, or a phenomenon called pencil in a cup, in which the ends of the bone have been eroded to a pencillike point. Any of these changes indicate that the disease is getting worse, Dr. Rubenstein says.
Frequency of Testing A doctor may take an initial X-ray to help diagnose psoriatic arthritis and rule out other forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, which have different patterns of joint involvement, says Rubenstein.
After that, how often you have X-rays depends on your physician and the state of your disease. Some doctors take X-rays just once a year for routine monitoring, while others may take them only when a patients condition changes.
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How Is Arthritis In The Hand Treated
Treatment options depend on the type of arthritis, stage of arthritis, how many joints are affected, your age, activity level, the hand affected and other existing medical conditions.
Goals of treatment are to:
- Improve mobility and function.
- Increase your quality of life.
- In the case of rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis, to slow the progression of the disease.
Treatment options include splinting/bracing, medications, injections, non-drug approaches and surgery.
Splits or braces support and protect the affected joint, reduce deformity, provide joint stability, lessen strain, and promote proper joint alignment. Your healthcare provider, occupational therapist or hand therapist will discuss splinting/bracing options, how and when to wear them and how long to wear them .
Steroids reduce inflammation and relieve pain. Steroids are usually used if medications dont control inflammation or if the inflammation is limited to a few joints. Injections are administered directly into the affected joint. Because steroids can weaken tendons and ligaments, injections are repeated only a few times.
Other management strategies
A complete treatment plan for arthritis of the hand includes these additional approaches:
If nonsurgical treatments no longer provide relief and the cartilage at the ends of your bones has worn away, surgery may be an option. There are several approaches:
What To Watch For
Joints are more likely to be stiff first thing in the morning or after you rest for a while.
Joint warmth and swelling. Along with pain, inflammation can make your joints swollen and warm to the touch.
Nail problems. Psoriatic arthritis can make your fingernails and toenails to lift from their nail beds. It’s a symptom unique to psoriatic arthritis.
Lower back pain. For about 20% of people with psoriatic arthritis, inflammation causes problems with the joints between your vertebrae, a condition called spondylitis. In more severe cases, this can cause joints to fuse together.
Dactylitis. This is when entire fingers or toes swell to look like sausages. Signs of dactylitis can help doctors distinguish psoriatic arthritis from rheumatoid arthritis, which may affect more than one joint.
Eye problems. In some cases, people with psoriatic arthritis also experience eye problems. The same inflammatory process that causes joint problems in can also damage other areas of the body such as eyes. Problems can include:
- Conjunctivitis, which is inflammation of the layer that lines the white of your eye and the inside of your eyelid
- Disturbed vision
Trouble moving hands and fingers. The swelling and joint pain that can come with psoriatic arthritis can make even simple, day-to-day tasks hard.
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What Is The Knee Joint
Three bones come together to form your knee joint. They include the:
A smooth substance called cartilage covers the ends of each bone. Its a cushion between the bones that keeps them from rubbing together. The synovial membrane, a type of tissue that surrounds the joint, lubricates the cartilage.
Arthritis of the knee causes pain and swelling in the joint
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Is There Any Way To Slow Down Its Progression
While theres no way to reverse or cure psoriatic arthritis, there are several things you can do to slow its development. These tend to work best when started earlier rather than later. You may want to consider seeing a rheumatologist as well. This is a type of doctor that focuses on autoimmune conditions.
The first step in slowing down psoriatic arthritis is controlling joint inflammation. There are several types of medication that can help with this, including:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs . NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen , are a good starting place because theyre available over the counter. They help reduce inflammation and pain.
- Cortisone injections. Cortisone injections target inflammation in a single joint. They work quickly to reduce pain and swelling.
- Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs . DMARDs, such as methotrexate , leflunomide , and sulfasalazine , work to slow the progression of psoriatic arthritis. While this can help to prevent permanent joint damage, these drugs have many potential side effects.
- Biologic agents.Biologics are a new generation of arthritis medications that use genetic engineering to target inflammation in the body. They can slow down the progression of psoriatic arthritis and prevent joint damage.
If you have psoriatic arthritis, its also important to avoid putting added stress on your joints. This can involve:
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Ra Vs Psa: How Do You Tell What Arthritis Type You Have
Arthritis, in general, is related to joint pain and damage. There are many different types of arthritis, affecting many different joints in the body. While each type of arthritis has parallel clinical symptoms like joint pain, the causes and treatments are different.
Here, we will discuss two of the most common forms of arthritis: Rheumatoid Arthritis and Psoriatic Arthritis . At first glance, these two types of arthritis are very hard to differentiate, because they share so many overlapping traits. In fact, without the presence of a skin rash in many cases of psoriatic arthritis, most people would not be able to tell a difference at first glance.
Usually, osteoarthritis comes on slowly. Early in the disease, joints may ache after physical work or exercise. Osteoarthritis can occur in any joint. Most often it occurs at the hands, knees, hips, or spine.
Knees: The knees are the bodys primary weight-bearing joints. For this reason, they are among the joints most commonly affected by osteoarthritis. They may be stiff, swollen, and painful, making it hard to walk, climb, and get in and out of chairs and bathtubs. If not treated, osteoarthritis in the knees can lead to disability. Medications, weight loss, exercise, and walking aids can reduce pain and disability. In severe cases, knee replacement surgery may be helpful.
Imaging Tests For Psoriatic Arthritis
Imaging tests can help your doctor closely examine your bones and joints. Some of the imaging tests your doctor may use include:
- X rays. X-rays arent always useful in diagnosing early stage psoriatic arthritis. As the disease progresses, your doctor may use imaging tests to see changes in the joints that are characteristic of this type of arthritis.
- MRI scans. An MRI alone cant diagnose psoriatic arthritis, but it may help detect problems with your tendons and ligaments, or sacroiliac joints.
- CT scans. These are used primarily to examine joints that are deep in the body and not easily seen on x-rays, such as in the spine and pelvis.
- Ultrasounds. These tests can help determine the progression of joint involvement and pinpoint the location.
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What Are The Signs Of Arthritis In The Hands
May 19, 2021
Achy, swollen hands? Stiffness in your wrists? Its common to assume these are symptoms of arthritis. While 40 million Americans suffer from arthritis, its far less frequent in the hands than people expect. Instead, what many mistake for arthritis is actually tendonitis. Lets look at the difference between arthritis and other conditions, risk factors and treatments.
Who Will Be Responsible For My Healthcare
Youre likely to see a team of healthcare professionals.
Your doctor, usually a rheumatologist, will be responsible for your overall care. And a specialist nurse may help monitor your condition and treatments. A skin specialist called a dermatologist may be responsible for the treatment of your psoriasis.
You may also see:
- A physiotherapist, who can advise on exercises to help maintain your mobility.
- An occupational therapist, who can help you protect your joints, for example, by using splints for the wrist or knee braces. You may be advised to change the way you do some tasks to reduce the strain on your joints.
- A podiatrist, who can assess your footcare needs and offer advice onspecial insoles and good supportive footwear.
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Rheumatoid Arthritis And Psoriatic Arthritis: The Similarities And Differences
All forms of arthritis involve tenderness and swelling of the joints. And, at first glance, psoriatic arthritis can be very hard to differentiate from other common types of arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
Because psoriatic arthritis symptoms can overlap with those of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis not just swollen, achy joints but also stiffness and chronic fatigue diagnosing this autoimmune disease can be tricky.
Psoriatic arthritis can also affect the body in different ways depending on the person and how advanced the disease is, says Dr. Husni. As a result, a rheumatologist may need to examine a patient several times and run a number of tests before having enough information to make a definitive diagnosis.