What Are The Stages Of Arthritis Of The Knee
There are five stages of osteoarthritis, the most common type of arthritis that affects your knees:
- Stage 0 . If youre at stage 0, your knees are healthy. You dont have arthritis of the knee.
- Stage 1 . Stage 1 means that youve got some wear and tear in your knee joint. You probably wont notice pain.
- Stage 2 . The mild stage is when you might start to feel pain and stiffness, but theres still enough cartilage to keep the bones from actually touching.
- Stage 3 . If youre at the moderate stage, youll have more pain, especially when running, walking, squatting, and kneeling. Youll likely notice it after long periods of rest . You’re probably in a great deal of pain because the cartilage has narrowed even further and there are many bone spurs.
- Stage 4 . Severe osteoarthritis means that the cartilage is almost gone. Your knee is stiff, painful and possibly immobile. You might need surgery.
How Can I Prevent Osteoarthritis Of The Knee
While you cant always prevent osteoarthritis of the knee, there are steps you can take to reduce the risk youll develop it:
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- If you jog or run, do so on grass or soft surfaces.
- Vary your fitness routine with low-impact exercises such as swimming or cycling.
- Add light strength training to your fitness routine.
Knee Surgeon In San Antonio Texas
There are many compelling reasons for having knee replacement surgery, not the least of which is returning to a life without pain. Our highly experienced and top-rated orthopedic surgeons here at the Center for Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine can evaluate your knee pain and offer your best treatment options. Our goal is to improve your quality of life and get you moving again.
If you have any questions or would like to schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic doctors, call the Center for Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine today at 692-7400 or request an appointment now via our online form. We look forward to hearing from you!
Don’t Miss: What Does Tylenol Arthritis Look Like
What Does A Knee Reconstruction Involve
A knee replacement operation will usually take between one and 2 hours. After evaluation by an anaesthetist, you will be given either a general anaesthetic or a spinal anaesthetic .
A knee reconstruction involves surgery to replace your knee joint with a prosthesisan artificial knee joint. Mostly, these prostheses are made of plastic and metal, and consist of 3 main components:
- femoral component
- tibial component and
- patellar component.
The metal femoral and tibial components are attached to the end of the femur and the top of the tibia . On the end of the metal components is a polyethylene coating which acts as replacement cartilage. The patella may be resurfaced with a plastic button in some cases.
Best Ways To Treat Knee Arthritis Without Surgery
If youre like a lot of people over age 50, knees that have served you well for years gradually start hurting and swelling. They may start making cracking or popping sounds, and you may even feel a grinding sensation in your knees as you move. Most likely, youve developed arthritis of the knee, something we see quite often at Westchester Health.
The term arthritis simply means inflammation of a joint and is used to describe 200 rheumatic diseases and conditions that affect joints, the tissues that surround the joint, and other connective tissue. Healthy cartilage is shiny white and smooth, and its function is to allow joints to glide and move smoothly. Arthritis is the damage or loss of this cartilage between bones in a joint. When it is damaged, it results in pain and swelling.
Recommended Reading: Does Physical Therapy Help Arthritis
Knee Cartilage Repair Regeneration And Replacement
There are two primary types of cartilage in the knee: articular cartilage and meniscus . SeeSoft Tissue of the Knee Joint
These surgeries can be performed on almost any joint, but they are most commonly performed on knees. They are generally appropriate for people who have specific cartilage injuries rather than widespread cartilage damage, like that found in moderate to severe knee arthritis.
You May Like: How To Reduce Swelling In Knee Quickly
Possible Nonsurgical Treatment Options
You may have heard of new, cutting edge treatments for knee arthritis – but do they work, and are they safe?
There has been some recent evidence that Platelet Rich Plasma or stem cell injections have reduced inflammation in an arthritic knee but this treatment is still new and most insurance companies wont cover it so it can be expensive, said Dr. Rosen.
Stem cell treatment has also been quite controversial. There are no studies confirming long term effectiveness, explained Dr. Rosen, and most importantly, no standards as to which cells are used, what dose and where the cells come from. Dr. Rosen also said that the Food and Drug Administration has recently cracked down on stem cell clinics for false and misleading claims and products that were neither safe nor effective.
If youre suffering from knee arthritis, your doctor can help you navigate possible treatment options that would be best for you. To find a Banner Health orthopedic or sports medicine specialists, go to BannerHealth.com.
To learn more about your knee and hip health, take our free Joint Pain Test.
Don’t Miss: What Cherries Are Good For Arthritis
Natural Treatments For Arthritis
There are currently a number of alternative treatment options available for osteoarthritis sufferers, ranging from supplements to acupuncture. Many people who formerly suffered with osteoarthritis claim to have finally found relief naturally through adjusting their diets, lifestyles and approaches to managing pain. Here are the top seven natural treatments for arthritis.
1. Reach and Maintain a Healthy Weight
Additional body fat strains joints, but accumulated fat itself can also cause problems to joints that are already sensitive and partially damaged. Fat does more than just sit on your body its also an active tissue that creates and releases hormones and chemicals. Some of these promote inflammation and can contribute to worsening arthritis all over your body.
The University of Michigan School of Public Health reports,
Adipose tissue, once considered a passive storage portal of energy, is now recognized as a highly metabolic endocrine organ with the capacity to secrete active agents including adipocytokines, such as leptin, resistin and adiponectin. Over the past decade, interest in these adipocytokines has quickly become an area of intense study with respect to osteoarthritis based on evidence that they may play an important role in cartilage homeostasis and because of their emerging potential as therapeutic targets.
2. Improve Your Diet
Foods for helping treat arthritis include:
3. Stay Active
5. Take Proteolytic Enzymes
Is There A Cure For Arthritis Of The Knee
Theres no permanent cure for osteoarthritis of the knee, but the methods above can help to keep the symptoms under control, so you can carry on with your life with minimum disruption.
Surgery to repair arthritic knee joints and improve your quality of life are also an option. You can find out more about knee arthritis treatments at Ramsay Health Care, or simply get in touch with us to speak to one of our specialists.
Also Check: What Triggers Arthritis Flare Ups
Types Of Knee Arthritis
There are many types of arthritis of the knee, but by far the most common is osteoarthritis, followed by rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis can occur as we get older, from around mid-40s onwards, or can sometimes happen as a result of a knee injury or other joint problems.
Arthritis means the cartilage of the joint is thinning and becoming rougher, making the joint muscles and ligaments work harder. More advanced arthritis can mean the cartilage is worn away entirely.
Osteoarthritis usually occurs in joints in the hands, hips, and knees.
Do: Warm Up And Cool Down Before And After You Exercise
Dont jump right into your workouts if you have knee osteoarthritis, Wyss says. In general, a warm-up lubricates your joints so youre less stiff and its easier to move, which lowers the risk of sustaining any injury during your workout. Cooling down helps you reset after exercise. A physical therapist or trainer can instruct you on the appropriate warm-up and cool-down exercises for you, he says.
You May Like: What Diet Is Good For Arthritis
Does Knee Replacement Get Rid Of Arthritis
Knee replacement is an excellent way to reduce pain in the knees and can solve a number of issues, and is often ideal for people who have tried alternative pain-relief methods to no avail. However, it is not a permanent solution for arthritis. Knee surgery may temporarily relieve pain from arthritis, but it does not cure the condition. Managing your arthritis will still be necessary to reduce pain in the knees, even after joint surgery.
What Are The Stages Of Osteoarthritis
There are four stages of osteoarthritis. You probably wouldnt know if you had stage 1. In this stage there is minor wear and tear on your knee joint and possibly some bone spurs forming.
In stage 2 , you will probably begin having minor symptoms like pain when you first get up from sleeping, after sitting for a long time, or after exercise. Your X-rays will begin to show signs of arthritis, and simple remedies like stretching, exercise, and knee braces will ease your symptoms.
Stage 3 is considered moderate arthritis, and your symptoms will be more frequent and more significant. In this stage, the cartilage in the joint is wearing down, the space between the bones of the joint is narrowing, and more bone spurs will develop. In knee arthritis, pain and inflammation will be more pronounced when walking, running, and squatting, and treatments include over-the-counter medications, physical therapy, and possibly therapeutic injections in the joint.
Stage 4 is the most severe form of osteoarthritis and is characterized by a greater degree and increased frequency of pain. This arthritis pain is so severe, it will limit normal activity when it affects the knee anything from enjoying your daily walk to standing while cooking a meal.
People with severe knee arthritis usually get no or very limited relief from noninvasive treatments, and they will usually be recommended to have knee replacement surgery.
You May Like: Can Rheumatoid Arthritis Go Away On Its Own
How To Treat Arthritis In The Knees
This article was medically reviewed by Troy A. Miles, MD. Dr. Miles is an Orthopedic Surgeon specializing in Adult Joint Reconstruction in California. He received his MD from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in 2010, followed by a residency at the Oregon Health & Science University and fellowship at the University of California, Davis. He is a Diplomat of the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery and is a member of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons, American Orthopaedic Association, American Association of Orthopaedic Surgery, and the North Pacific Orthopaedic Society.There are 13 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 74,986 times.
Research suggests that treatment may slow down arthritis and relieve your symptoms, though there’s no cure for it.XTrustworthy SourceNational Health Service Public healthcare system of the UKGo to source Arthritis occurs when your joint becomes inflamed, causing pain, stiffness, and swelling. Osteoarthritis happens when the cartilage in your joint wears away, while rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition where your body attacks your joints. Experts say arthritis in the knee is very common because it’s a weight-bearing joint, but you can get arthritis in any joint.XResearch source Although arthritis may interfere with your life, you may be able to manage your condition.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation uses a machine that sends electrical impulses through sticky patches, called electrodes, attached to the skin. This may help ease the pain caused by your osteoarthritis by numbing the nerve endings in your spinal cord which control pain.
Treatment with TENS is usually arranged by a physiotherapist or doctor, who can advise you on the strength of the pulses and how long your treatment should last.
Read Also: Does Anti Inflammatory Diet Help Arthritis
Maintaining A Healthy Weight
Being overweight can put extra pressure on the joints, and excess fat stores in the body can cause further inflammation. Maintaining a healthy weight can lessen the symptoms of osteoarthritis.
Keeping to a healthy weight can be difficult for some people, especially those who have a medical condition that reduces their mobility, such as osteoarthritis. A doctor or dietitian will be able to provide advice.
Including specific foods in the diet can strengthen the bones, muscles, and joints and help the body to fight inflammation and disease.
People with osteoarthritis can try adding the following eight foods to their diet to ease their symptoms:
Also Check: What Do You Do For Water On The Knee
Complementary And Alternative Therapies
Some people with osteoarthritis try complementary or alternative therapies such as acupuncture and aromatherapy and find them helpful.
However, there’s a lack of medical evidence to suggest they’re effective and they generally are not recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence .
You May Like: Is Curcumin Good For Arthritis
Dealing With Knee Arthritis At Home
What Questions Might A Healthcare Provider Ask To Diagnose Arthritis Of The Knee
Your healthcare provider will interview you when you report your symptoms. Some questions might include:
- Does anyone in your family have arthritis of the knee?
- Does your knee swell up?
- Is your skin often red?
- Is your skin often warm?
- Do you have symptoms in one knee or both?
- How long have you had these symptoms?
- What medications do you take?
- How severe is your pain?
- Do you struggle to walk?
- Do the symptoms interfere with your daily activities?
Knee Osteoarthritis Is Not A Terminal Diagnosis
Unfortunately, many of you have a significant misunderstanding of why osteoarthritis occurs and how to manage it. Thats not your fault. Doctors and other healthcare professionals should do a better job of describing what is happening in your knee joint. Your misconceptions about osteoarthritis often lead to self-imposed activity modifications, depression, fear, and perhaps emotional harm. Harm is part of the equation because you may not have been told that you can live an active life with an arthritic knee, and its not the end of the world.
One day Tina woke up with a swollen knee. Her knee felt stiff and achy, but the pain wasnt severe. This followed a weekend-long tennis tournament and a long hike with her friends, so she wrote it off to over-exertion. Two weeks pass, her swelling persists.
Tina passes by an Urgent Care center on the way home, so she stopped in. Tina was told that her knee X-rays showed severe osteoarthritis. This devastated her. There was no space between the bones on the X-ray. Tina withdrew from her upcoming tennis match.
What Are The Symptoms Of Osteoarthritis In The Knee
Pain is the most common symptom of osteoarthritis in the knee. Your knee might hurt when you move it, or even when you are just sitting still. Other symptoms are:
- Your knee feels stiff, particularly when you first get up or when youve been sitting for a long time.
- Your knee looks swollen or feels puffy.
- You hear a cracking or grinding noise when you move your knee.
- Your knee feels wobbly, as if it could buckle or give out.”
- Your knee might lock up, or feel as if it is stuck.
You May Like: What Are The Symptoms Of Osteoporosis Arthritis
Home Remedies And Medical Options
Experts say that people who play an active role in managing their OA, for example, are likely to see a more positive outcome. You can do so by learning about arthritis, becoming aware of what makes symptoms better or worse, and making decisions with your doctor.
Discover exercises to strengthen the knee muscles.