Spinal Arthritis Causes And Risk Factors
The causes of arthritis in the back or neck vary depending on the type of arthritis you have. Besides normal wear and tear and autoimmune triggers, in many cases the exact cause remains unknown. Genetic components have been identified in connection with some forms of spinal arthritis, meaning that it may be hereditary.
Other spinal arthritis risk factors include:
Presence of certain conditions such as diabetes, gout, psoriasis, tuberculosis, irritable bowel syndrome and Lyme disease
Spinal Arthritis: What You Need To Know
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis to affect the spine.
Arthritis can occur anywhere along the spine, but is more frequent in the lower back and neck.
Pain and stiffness are the most common symptoms of spinal arthritis.
Causes of spinal arthritis are still largely unknown except for osteoarthritis, which is typically a result of wear and tear.
Spinal arthritis treatment may include pain medications, steroid injections, physical therapy and surgery in severe cases.
Exercises And Physical Therapy
One of the main proven treatments to reverse rheumatoid arthritis is exercises and physical therapy. Its safe and effective when done properly, and under the supervision of a physical therapist. It can build up your strength to help you better control and manage your joint or muscle pain.
Physical therapy can be active or passive and both kinds can help ease any flare-ups. Passive therapy is when someone else, such as a therapist, does most of the work, as in massage. Active therapy is when you do most of the work such as in muscle-strengthening exercises.
Remember, though, that its important that you to talk to your rheumatologist before starting such treatments to reverse rheumatoid arthritis.
Gentle exercises, such as walking, swimming or yoga, can be beneficial in alleviating pain and building up your muscle strength. Exercise helps deliver oxygen to the joints, brain, and muscles and has the added advantage of making you feel good.
As with any physical therapy, talk to your doctor first to ensure that you dont do yourself any harm.
What Might Cause These Symptoms
Various factors can cause the symptoms associated with inflammatory arthritis, including:
- Synovitis: When inflamed, the synovium, the membrane that lines the joints, releases chemicals that irritate nerves and increase joint fluid.
- Bone erosion: Inflammatory arthritis can cause bone erosion, destruction, and loss. As more bone is lost, deformation may occur in the joint.
- Swollen joint capsules: Fluid buildup causes pressure, stiffness, and pain.
- Ligament damage: Inflammation damages the supportive ligaments in the joint.
- Muscle weakness: As muscles lose strength, there is more stress on joints.
- Joint fusion: In some forms of inflammatory arthritis, the small bones that make up the backbone may join together, causing pain and loss of mobility.
Gout And Calcium Crystal Diseases
Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis that can cause painful swelling in joints. It typically affects the big toe, but it can also affect other joints in the body.
Joints affected by gout can become red and hot. The skin may also look shiny and can peel.
Its caused by having too much urate, otherwise known as uric acid, in the body. We all have a certain amount of urate in our body.
However, being overweight or eating and drinking too much of certain types of food and alcoholic drinks can cause some people to have more urate in their bodies. The genes you inherit can make you more likely to develop gout.
If it reaches a high level, urate can form into crystals that remain in and around the joint. They can be there for a while without causing any problems and even without the person realising they are there.
A knock to a part of the body or having a fever can lead to the crystals falling into the soft part of the joint. This will cause pain and swelling.
There are drugs that can reduce the amount of urate in the body and prevent gout attacks. Examples are allopurinol and . If youre having a gout attack, youll also need short-term pain relief. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as well as paracetamol can be good drugs to try first.
Men can get gout from their mid-20s, and in women its more common after the menopause. Taking water tablets can increase the risk of gout.
There are also conditions that cause calcium crystals to form in and around joints.
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What Are The Different Types Of Arthritis
Arthritis is a broad term that describes more than 100 different joint conditions. The most common types of arthritis include:
- Osteoarthritis, or wear and tear arthritis, which develops when joint cartilage breaks down from repeated stress. Its the most common form of arthritis.
- Ankylosing spondylitis, or arthritis of the spine .
- Juvenile arthritis , a disorder where the immune system attacks the tissue around joints. JA typically affects children 16 or younger.
- Gout, a disease that causes hard crystals of uric acid to form in your joints.
- Psoriatic arthritis, joint inflammation that develops in people with psoriasis .
- Rheumatoid arthritis, a disease that causes the immune system to attack synovial membranes in your joints.
Avoiding Dairy Helps With Osteoarthritis
There are also claims that avoiding dairy can help with osteoarthritis. Although milk, cheese, and other dairy products for some people, these foods can have anti-inflammatory effects in others.
An elimination diet can help people to determine whether or not their symptoms improve or worsen with dairy intake.
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Individual Food Items In Diet And Their Relevance To Ra
In an average diet comprising of breakfast, lunch, and dinner, there are several food items which are rich source of some phytochemicals and their efficacy in eradication of diseases has been known and is included under traditional medicines on which 80% of the world population relies . Food items such as dietary fibers, cooking oil, polyphenols, bioactive compounds from several herbs and beverages like tea are among the cheapest sources of medication however, their bioavailability has always been a matter of concern.
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Rheumatoid Arthritis Is Caused Due To Indigestion And Not Due To Friction In Joints Like Other Arthritis Said Dr Dixa Bhavsar Savaliya An Ayurvedic Expert
Of the several inflammatory conditions, one of the most common is Rheumatoid arthritis a type of joint pain that is no longer limited to older people there is a rise in the condition among young adults, including those who have recovered from Covid-19, said Dr Vishwajeet Chavan, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Apollo Spectra Hospital, Pune while sharing that 15-20 per cent young patients also suffer from joint pain.
What is RA?
An autoimmune disorder, RA affects the joints, skin, eyes, lungs, heart, and blood vessels. It is a condition when a persons immune system begins attacking body tissues, said Vikas Chawla, Ayurveda expert, founder, and director, Vedas Cure.
A 2014-Research Gate study lists the following symptoms of RA.
*Warm, swollen joints*Symmetrical pattern of affected joints*Fatigue, occasional fevers, loss of energy*Joint inflammation that often affects the wrist and finger joints*Joint inflammation sometimes affecting the joints in the neck, shoulders, elbows, hips, knees, ankles, and feet.
In RA, the joints are damaged to a huge extent that ultimately leads to its destruction and deformity. Although RA has no proper cure it can be treated well under good medications with sufficient rest and regular exercises, and occasionally surgery, the study noted.
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What to avoid?
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Infectious Or Reactive Arthritis
The term infectious arthritis refers to several different conditions that are caused by bacterial or viral infections. According to Arthritis-Health.com, these conditions include rheumatic fever, Lyme disease, fungal arthritis, Fifth disease. More of it are tuberculosis arthritis, gonococcal arthritis, Cogans syndrome, Potts disease, spirochetal arthritis, and Sydenhams chorea. Among others. In addition to joint pain and swelling, infectious arthritis often includes symptoms such as fever and chills.
Reactive arthritis, on the other hand, often occurs when an infection in one part of your body causes inflammation in a joint elsewhere in your body, says Healthline.com. The source adds that the infection tends to start in your bladder or sexual organs.
Rare Types Of Inflammatory Hip Arthritis
Some of the less common types of inflammatory hip arthritis are the following:
- Reactive arthritis Reactive arthritis is when various joints of your body, including your hips, become red and swollen. This type of inflammatory arthritis is triggered by another type of infection in another part of your body.
- Juvenile inflammatory arthritis As the most common type of arthritis in kids, juvenile inflammatory arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the synovium becomes red, swollen, and painful.
- Sarcoidosis This is a condition in which granulomas small patches of red and swollen tissues develop in bodily organs. In sarcoidosis, your joints can become painful, and this can develop into a form of inflammatory hip arthritis.
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Can Imaging Exams Detect Arthritis
Imaging exams can help your healthcare provider get a clear picture of your bones, joints and soft tissues. An X-ray, MRI or ultrasound can reveal:
- Bone fractures or dislocations that may be causing you joint pain.
- Cartilage breakdown around your joints.
- Muscle, ligament or tendon injuries near your joints.
- Soft tissue inflammation.
What Are The Symptoms Of Spinal Arthritis
Symptoms of spinal arthritis may differ from person to person. In general, they may include:
Back and neck pain, especially in the lower back
Stiffness and loss of flexibility in the spine, such as being unable to straighten your back or turn your neck
Swelling and tenderness over the affected vertebrae
Feeling of grinding when moving the spine
Pain, swelling and stiffness in other areas of the body
Whole-body weakness and fatigue
Pain and numbness in your arms or legs if the nerves are affected
Although back pain is a common symptom, not all people have it, even those with advanced spinal arthritis. On the other hand, some may experience pain even before arthritis can be seen on an X-ray.
In certain types of spondyloarthritis, eye inflammation may occur, causing pain, watery eyes and blurred vision.
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Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes
An interprofessional team approach is indicated for best outcomes in patients with inflammatory arthritis. In patients with septic arthritis, multi-specialty evaluation with internal medicine, orthopedics, rheumatology, and infectious diseases may be needed. For patients with other autoimmune inflammatory arthropathies, close communication between the rheumatologist and primary care provider is of utmost importance. Further, pharmacists can assist in patient education about medications, and the nursing team can assist in ensuring patient compliance. Physical therapy and occupational therapy frequently play a key role in helping the patients maintain the full range of the function of the joints and encouraging them to exercise and lose weight.
Diagnosing Your Rheumatic Disorder
Everyone has aches and pains sometimes, but if you or a loved one is having pain in joints, bones, or muscles thatâs getting in the way of normal activities and wonât go away, itâs a good idea to talk to a doctor.
Itâs not always easy to tell whatâs causing this pain. Your doctor may refer you to a rheumatologist, a doctor who specializes in these disorders. It might take time and a variety of tests to figure out what is causing your problems and what the best treatment plan for you may be.
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What Is A Joint And How Does It Work
A joint is where two or more bones meet, such as in the fingers, knees, and shoulders. Joints hold bones in place and allow them to move freely within limits.
Most of the joints in our body are surrounded by a strong capsule. The capsule is filled with a thick fluid that helps to lubricate the joint. These capsules hold our bones in place. They do this with the help of ligaments. These are a bit like very strong elastic bands.
The ends of the bones within a joint are lined with cartilage. This is a smooth but tough layer of tissue that allows bones to glide over one another as you move.
If we want to move a bone, our brain gives a signal to the muscle, which then pulls a tendon, and this is attached to the bone. Muscles therefore have an important role in supporting a joint.
What Causes Arthritis
Different types of arthritis have different causes. For instance, gout is the result of too much uric acid in your body. But for other types of arthritis, the exact cause is unknown. You may develop arthritis if you:
- Have a family history of arthritis.
- Have a job or play a sport that puts repeated stress on your joints.
- Have certain autoimmune diseases or viral infections.
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Are You At Risk
Arthritis is a widespread disease, and risk factors depend on the type. Age increases the risk of arthritis types like osteoarthritis, while women are more predisposed to rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. Family history also plays a role in the amount of risk you may have. If you think you may have arthritis, make an appointment with your primary care physician.
Points To Remember About Arthritis
- “Arthritis” means joint inflammation. Although joint inflammation is a symptom or sign rather than a specific diagnosis, the term arthritis is often used to refer to any disorder that affects the joints.
- There are many types of arthritis, including ankylosing spondylitis, gout, juvenile arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
- Medications and surgery can treat arthritis.
- Activities that can help reduce symptoms at home include exercise hot and cold therapies relaxation therapies splints and braces and assistive devices.
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Osteoarthritis Of The Spine
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of spinal arthritis. It usually affects the lower back and develops through wear and tear. As the cartilage between the joints slowly breaks down, it leads to inflammation and pain. Because the pain is from mechanical damage, it is typically more noticeable when you bend or twist your back. Past back injuries may also contribute to the development of degenerative arthritis of the spine.
Osteoarthritis of the spine usually affects the facet joints between the vertebrae. It is also known as facet joint arthritis, facet joint syndrome and facet disease. In some cases, degeneration of the spinal discs may contribute to facet joint arthritis. As discs between the vertebrae become thinner, more pressure is transferred to the facet joints. This leads to more friction and more damage to the cartilage.
When these degenerative changes occur in the neck, this condition is called cervical spondylosis. Arthritis in the neck doesnt always cause pain, and many people have no noticeable symptoms.
What Are The Types Of Arthritis
There are several types of arthritis. Common ones include:
- Ankylosing Spondylitis is arthritis that affects the spine. It often involves redness, heat, swelling, and pain in the spine or in the joint where the bottom of the spine joins the pelvic bone.
- Gout is caused by crystals that build up in the joints. It usually affects the big toe, but many other joints may be affected.
- Juvenile Arthritis is the term used to describe arthritis in children. Arthritis is caused by inflammation of the joints.
- Osteoarthritis usually comes with age and most often affects the fingers, knees, and hips. Sometimes osteoarthritis follows a joint injury. For example, you might have badly injured your knee when young and develop arthritis in your knee joint years later.
- Psoriatic Arthritis can occur in people who have psoriasis . It affects the skin, joints, and areas where tissues attach to bone.
- Reactive Arthritis is pain or swelling in a joint that is caused by an infection in your body. You may also have red, swollen eyes and a swollen urinary tract.
- Rheumatoid arthritis happens when the bodys own defense system doesnt work properly. It affects joints and bones , and may also affect internal organs and systems. You may feel sick or tired, and you may have a fever.
Arthritis is seen with other conditions. These include:
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Causes Of Inflammatory Joint Pain
Learn about common inflammatory arthritis conditions, symptoms and the types of joint pain that they can cause.
Causes of Inflammatory Joint Pain
Inflammatory arthritis describes conditions characterized by pain, swelling, tenderness and warmth in the joints, as well as morning stiffness that lasts for more than an hour. The most common forms are rheumatoid arthritis , psoriatic arthritis , systemic lupus erythematosus , gout and ankylosing spondylitis .
In these diseases, the immune system doesnt work properly and releases inflammatory chemicals. The resulting inflammation attacks joint tissues and can cause joint swelling, increased joint fluid, cartilage and bone damage, and muscle loss. Nerves in the joints are also activated, causing pain. The inflammatory chemicals may directly activate other nerves of the body and lead to pain as well.
Inflammatory pain may be caused by:
Synovitis.The thin membrane lining the joints becomes inflamed, releasing chemicals that irritate nerves and increase fluid in the joint.
Centralized pain.The chronic pain of inflammatory arthritis can in some cases cause you to become more sensitive to pain.
Limiting Joint Damage
Early diagnosis and aggressive treatment that targets the inflammation are the best ways to limit joint damage, pain and other effects of inflammatory, autoimmune types of arthritis.