Tuesday, May 21, 2024

Can Certain Foods Cause Arthritis Flare Ups

What Foods Make Rheumatoid Arthritis Worse

Rheumatoid Arthritis Flares: What Triggers a RA Flare? | Johns Hopkins Medicine

Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of chronic inflammatory arthritis that is associated with flares and remissions. Flares are the times when you experience the signs and symptoms of RA, and remissions are periods when those signs and symptoms disappear.

Researchers have not yet found a specific diet for rheumatoid arthritis, but some evidence suggests that certain foods can trigger your RA symptoms and make them worse.

7 types of food and alcohol to avoid with RA

Foods that are likely to increase the inflammation in your body and cause weight gain fall under this category, which includes:

  • Red meat and dairy products
  • Daily consumption of red meat, though high in protein, is also high in saturated fats, which are bad for your rheumatoid arthritis. Saturated fats can cause inflammation, increase your uric acid levels and contribute to weight gain. The same is true for full-fat dairy products, including milk.
  • Sugary foods and foods containing refined flour
  • Sugar present in sweetened drinks and sodas, desserts and pastries, as well as foods containing refined flour, such as white bread, pasta and white rice, are also not your friend when it comes to RA.
  • Processed foods and ready-to-eat foods or foods that can be prepared instantly within a few minutes are often loaded with sugar and refined flour. They can cause spikes in your blood sugar level and trigger the production of cytokines, which are pro-inflammatory chemicals that can worsen your RA symptoms.
  • Fried or grilled foods
  • How Can I Keep To A Healthy Weight

    Keeping to a healthy weight is important for your general health, but it can also have benefits for people with different types of arthritis.

    Being overweight can put more strain on your joints particularly those in the legs. The force put through your knees when walking can be two or three times your body weight, so losing even a small amount of weight can make a difference. Being overweight can also increase inflammation in the body, which could cause you more pain.

    You may be more likely to develop certain types of arthritis if youre overweight, including rheumatoid arthritis, gout, back pain and osteoarthritis.

    Read Also: What Type Of Mattress Is Best For Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Malnutrition In Ra Patients

    Patients with RA are often at a higher risk of malnutrition for multiple reasons. First of all, weight loss is a common symptom in RA patients. Its thought to be due to the autoimmune condition itself producing inflammatory responses which cause an increase in metabolic rate. This means that the body burns through more calories than normal, which can lead to weight loss. This is not considered healthy weight loss. This type of weight loss can potentially leave the patient undernourished or malnourished.

    Secondly, many patients taking the common disease-modifying antirheumatic drug called methotrexate, have been known to have a deficiency in certain vitamins and minerals. Many RA medications produce side effects such as stomach ulcers and other digestive concerns which can make it difficult to eat. These conditions combined with weight loss further compound the problems of malnourishment in patients. Some of the most common nutrient deficiencies in RA include a lack of the following vitamins and minerals:

    A proper diet for RA that is rich in these vitamins and minerals is important for keeping patients healthy.

    Finally, many RA patients are at risk of developing osteoporosis, a weakening of the bones caused by a calcium or vitamin D deficiency. RA patients should be aware of this potential risk and ensure their diet accounts for this potential deficiency.

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    Foods High In Purines

    For people who have gout, a doctor may advise a low purine diet combined with the medication.

    Purines are substances in foods that the body converts to uric acid. Uric acid can build up in the bloodstream, causing a gout attack. According to the , the following foods are high in purines:

    What a person eats can help:

  • reduce inflammation levels in the body
  • a person maintain a moderate weight
  • promote tissue health and healing
  • a person avoid specific trigger foods
  • Usually, inflammation protects the body from harm by helping defend against bacteria and aiding wound healing. However, when inflammation persists for an extended period, chronic symptoms can develop.

    What a person eats has an impact on inflammation levels. Some foods are inflammatory, and others are anti-inflammatory.

    According to the Arthritis Foundation, numerous studies show that anti-inflammatory foods can reduce arthritis pain and progression.

    A persons body weight also influences inflammation levels. Fat cells produce cytokines, which are immune cells that increase inflammation.A person can use diet to maintain a moderate weight, which may help with inflammation and also reduce pressure on the joints.

    Finally, some types of arthritis have specific trigger foods. For example, foods that are high in purines

    Consuming the following foods may benefit people with arthritis.

    In The Kitchen With Arthritis: Foods To Avoid

    Foods To Eat During Gout Flare Up

    The goal of an anti-inflammatory diet for arthritis is to reduce inflammation and the joint degeneration and pain it causes.What Are Anti-Inflammatory Foods?

    You can influence inflammation by eating anti-inflammatory foods, such as leafy greens and colorful vegetables, and avoiding these 7 inflammatory foods:

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    Preventing An Arthritis Flare

    While it may not be possible to prevent every flare-up, over time, most arthritis sufferers do become aware of the more obvious behaviors that are going to trigger a flare-up for them. Eventually, they see the wisdom in making self-care a priority, and theyll make the lifestyle changes necessary to avoid a flare-up.

    What Can You Drink If You Have Gout

    Foods arenât the only thing that can affect uric acid. What you drink matters, too.

    Itâs a good idea to drink lots of fluids â 8 to 16 cups a day. At least half of what you drink should be water. Vitamin C also can help lower uric acid, but studies also show that the high fructose in OJ may boost uric acid levels, so drink it in moderation. Caffeinated coffee can cut uric acid, too, as long as you donât overdo it.

    Donâts

    Stay away from sugary drinks like soda and fruit juice. You also may need to limit or avoid alcohol as well. Talk with your doctor to find out whatâs right for you.

    While a healthy diet can help control how much uric acid is in your system, you may still need medicine to prevent future attacks. Talk with your doctor about all your treatment options.

    Also Check: Is Onion Bad For Gout

    Also Check: What Is The Reason For Arthritis

    What Makes Arthritis Flare Up

    When you’re suffering from a painful condition like arthritis, you’re almost always looking for ways to keep your symptoms at bay.

    We’ve all heard the old wives’ tale that when an achey joint is acting up it’s a sign that bad weather is on the way…but can it really be true that something like a change in weather can trigger your pain?

    “It’s true the symptoms of arthritis can recede and flare up. It’s also true that a change in weather can sometimes trigger a flare-up, which is often magnified when a certain type of arthritis is not being well-managed,” says Dr. Syed Alam, rheumatologist at Houston Methodist.

    “While you can’t control the weather, the good news is that you can avoid other triggers of arthritic flare-ups as long as you know what type of arthritis you have in the first place,” adds Dr. Alam.

    Arthritis is a broad term for pain, tenderness or swelling in a particular joint , and the three most common types of arthritis are:

    • Rheumatoid arthritis when your immune system attacks the structure of your joint
    • Osteoarthritis wear and tear damage that breaks down the cushion in your joint
    • Gout when sharp crystals form and deposit in a joint

    “When it comes to flare-ups of these types of arthritis, the triggers themselves aren’t actually the source of your pain. They’re just things that aggravate the underlying issues of the arthritis,” explains Dr. Alam.

    When To See A Doctor About A Flare

    Rheumatoid Arthritis: #1 cause of my RA flare-ups

    If you’re experiencing joint pain that flares up from time to time, Dr. Alam recommends being evaluated.

    “For many people, arthritis starts as a flare-up, and it’s important to seek a diagnosis. Remember, you need to know the specific type of arthritis you’re suffering from to be able to prevent or alleviate future flare-ups,” says Dr. Alam.

    For instance, you won’t know whether to use ice or heat to relieve your joint pain unless you know if it’s rheumatoid arthritis or gout as opposed to osteoarthritis.

    “In addition, and particularly for rheumatoid arthritis, seeking a diagnosis early on gives you a better chance of avoiding the permanent joint damage this condition can cause,” explains Dr. Alam.

    And even if you’ve been diagnosed, there are still times you may need to see your doctor about a flare-up.

    “It’s very important to call your doctor if you’re experiencing pain in a new joint or if your flare-up is severe, since this could be a sign of arthritic infection,” warns Dr. Alam.

    If you’re experiencing a mild flare-up in a joint you’re used to experiencing pain, your doctor may be able to help you manage that pain by prescribing medications over the phone but only if he or she is already familiar with you and your condition.

    Lastly, Dr. Alam recommends approaching supplements with skepticism.

    Recommended Reading: What Medicine To Take For Arthritis Pain

    Foods To Avoid With Ra

    Red meat and dairy

    Theyâre our main sources of saturated fats, which can cause inflammation in fat tissue. Other sources include full-fat dairy products, pasta dishes, and grain-based desserts.

    Corn oil

    The culprit here is omega-6 fatty acids. You want to cut down on them while youâre going for more omega-3s. They can lead to weight gain and joint inflammation if you overdo it. Sunflower, safflower, soy, and vegetable oils are also sources.

    Fried food, fast food, and processed foods

    Theyâre the major source of trans fats, which are created when hydrogen is added to vegetable oil to extend shelf life. They can trigger inflammation throughout your body. Plus, they raise bad cholesterol and lower the good type.

    Salt

    Not only is too much salt bad for your blood pressure, but if you have RA and take steroids, your body may hold on to it more easily. Aim for less than 1,500 milligrams a day.

    It tells your body to release chemicals called cytokines that kick-start the inflammation process. Check food labels for words that end in âose,â like fructose or sucrose.

    Alcohol

    It doesnât mix well with your RA meds. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen can cause stomach bleeding and ulcers on their own. Those odds go up when you add alcohol.

    If you drink while youâre taking acetaminophen, leflunomide , or methotrexate, it could damage your liver.

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    Diagnosis And Treatment For Arthritis Flares

    If you think youre going through a flare that hasnt improved after a couple of days, call your rheumatologist or primary care doctor. They will want to monitor how you feel and may want to order imaging and blood tests to see whats going on. They can also prescribe medications to get the flare under control.

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    What Are The Causes And Risk Factors Of Arthritis

    The cause of arthritis may vary according to the type of the disease. Most types of arthritis do not have a known cause.

    Research has revealed the role of three major factors in certain types of arthritis:

    • Genetic factors cause some types of arthritis to run in families.
    • Physical activity and diet affect arthritis symptoms.
    • The presence of other medical conditions such as infections and chronic diseases such as lupus puts you at risk for arthritis.

    Several factors may increase a personâs risk for arthritis:

    • Age: The risk of getting arthritis, particularly osteoarthritis, increases with age. Age may also worsen the symptoms of arthritis.
    • Gender: Arthritis generally affects women more often than men.
    • Weight: Being obese or overweight puts extra stress on the joints that support an individualâs weight. Increased weight beyond the normal range for a personâs age and height increases joint wear and tear, and the risk of arthritis.
    • Occupation: Certain jobs may involve the worker to keep doing the same movements repeatedly. These include jobs where one needs to do heavy lifting or repeated fine work as done by musicians. It can cause joint stress and/or an injury, which may lead to arthritis.
    • Injury: Joint injury or trauma may cause osteoarthritis.
    • Autoimmune diseases: These may misdirect the immune system towards the joints as seen in rheumatoid arthritis and lupus.
    • Infections: Certain infections may lead to joint inflammation as seen in tubercular arthritis and .

    Stay A Healthy Weight

    7 Wonderful Foods to Eat during a Crohn

    The most important relationship between diet and arthritis is weight. Excess weight can make some specialist medications ineffective, may increase disease activity and delay remission. If you are carrying more body weight than you should, try and lose the excess weight by combining healthy eating with regular exercise.

    Also Check: What Foods To Avoid With Gouty Arthritis

    The Scoop On Supplements

    Supplements abound when it comes to arthritis. But only glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate have some evidence to support their use. Glucosamine with chondroitin may decrease pain in people with moderate to severe osteoarthritis of the knee.

    Note that osteoarthritis is the only type of arthritis that may benefit from these supplements. They do not help people with rheumatoid arthritis.

    In general, glucosamine and chondroitin have minimal side effects. Steer clear of glucosamine if you are allergic to shellfish, or consider only glucosamine derived from a vegetable source. Glucosamine may raise blood sugar. Chondroitin can interact with anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs such as warfarin and aspirin that can increase the risk of bleeding.

    Can My Diet Affect Medication

    Its important that you take any medication youve been given as youve been told to by your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

    Some drugs need to be taken in a specific way, such as before or after food, or with water you should be told about this, but the information leaflet included with your medication will also explain this, so make sure to read this carefully.

    Taking certain drugs with food or after youve eaten can help to reduce the risk of certain side effects such as indigestion, stomach ulcers, feeling sick or vomiting. It can also help your body to absorb the drug properly and can make sure its not washed away by food or drink, for example if you use mouthwashes or gels.

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    What Causes Gout To Flare Up

    Gout is a complex form of arthritis that can flare up suddenly and severely. It occurs as a result of having high levels of uric acid, which makes it easier for urate crystals to form. These sharp crystals can deposit in your joints, causing inflammation, swelling and pain.

    The most common trigger of gout is eating purine-rich foods, since high levels of purines can increase the amount of uric acid in your bloodstream, explains Dr. Alam.

    Gout-sufferers can help avoid flare-ups by avoiding foods rich in purines, including:

    • Certain types of seafood, including tuna, scallops and trout
    • Alcohol, particularly beer
    • Fruit juices and other beverages that contain fructose

    Similar to rheumatoid arthritis, a flare-up of gout can be alleviated by using a cold compress on the affected joint, which helps reduce the inflammation thats causing your pain, swelling and stiffness, says Dr. Alam.

    Causes Of Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Rheumatoid Arthritis: What is #2 cause of my RA flare-ups?

    Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. This means your immune system attacks the cells that line your joints by mistake, making the joints swollen, stiff and painful.

    Over time, this can damage the joints, cartilage and nearby bone.

    Its not clear what triggers this problem with the immune system, although youre at an increased risk if:

    • you are a woman

    Find out more about the causes of rheumatoid arthritis.

    Read Also: What To Do For Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Food Ingredients That Can Cause Inflammation

    Avoid these 8 food ingredients that may trigger more inflammation in your body.

    1. 8 Food Ingredients That Can Cause Inflammation
    2. Sugar

    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

    3. Saturated Fats
    4. Trans Fats
    5. Omega 6 Fatty Acids
    6. Refined Carbohydrates

    Scientific American

    7. MSG
    8. Gluten and Casein
    9. Aspartame
    10. Alcohol
    11. Beating Inflammation
    Get Expert Advice

    Mayo Clinic Minute: Fighting Arthritis With Food

    Millions of Americans suffer from symptoms of arthritis that are often debilitating. The most common form is degenerative arthritis, also known as osteoarthritis, followed by inflammatory or rheumatoid arthritis. Dr. John Davis III, a Mayo Clinic rheumatologist, says what you eat may help with some of the inflammation associated with arthritis.

    Journalists: Broadcast-quality video is in the downloads at the end of this post. Please Courtesy: Mayo Clinic News Network. Read the script.

    Can avoiding foods like potato chips and pizza help ease your arthritis pain? Maybe.

    Some foods can increase inflammation levels and contribute to symptoms of arthritis, especially really fatty foods simple sugars or carbohydrates, lots of salt, or salty food, says Dr. Davis.

    Symptoms may include swollen and achy joints, discomfort and pain.

    Arthritis relates to a diverse set of disorders where there is inflammation that occurs in joints, says Dr. Davis.

    He says that while medication may help joint pain, exercise, maintaining a healthy weight and paying attention to the food you eat play important roles.

    Small amounts of weight loss can lead to reductions of just overall inflammation in the body, which can have overall benefits, says Dr. Davis.

    Add more fruits and vegetables, healthy fats like olive oil and nuts, whole grains and fish. These foods are thought to reduce inflammation and help with pain.

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