Tuesday, May 21, 2024

Which Joints Does Rheumatoid Arthritis Affect

What Is The Safest Drug For Rheumatoid Arthritis

What is Rheumatoid Arthritis? | Johns Hopkins Rheumatology

The safest drug for rheumatoid arthritis is one that gives you the most benefit with the least amount of negative side effects. This varies depending on your health history and the severity of your RA symptoms. Your healthcare provider will work with you to develop a treatment program. The drugs your healthcare provider prescribes will match the seriousness of your condition.

Its important to meet with your healthcare provider regularly. Theyll watch for any side effects and change your treatment, if necessary. Your healthcare provider may order tests to determine how effective your treatment is and if you have any side effects.

Does Where I Live Matter

If damp cold weather exacerbates pain, you may wonder why not move to where the weather is milder, warmer or dryer? Some researchers say climate doesnt matter.

In the U.S. for example, where different regions have varied weather and climate types, one study found that even people in mild, moderate San Diego reported weather-related pain. In fact, they reported more pain than residents of the studys three colder U.S. cities: Nashville, Boston and Worcester, Massachusetts.

Chronic pain doesnt care where you live, says Dr. Bolash. Humidity and barometric pressure tends to change everywhere.

Read Also: What Are The Five Worst Foods For Arthritis

See A Physical Or Occupational Therapist

Your doctor may refer you to a physical or occupational therapist to help maintain hand function and dexterity and strengthen joints, say experts. Depending on your needs, a therapist may give you exercises to improve range of motion and function in your hand and wrist, recommend the use of splints or braces to help support joints and ease stress, and suggest new ways to do everyday tasks that may help relieve pain and protect your joints.

Here are some arthritis-friendly hand exercises you can do regularly.

Read Also: How Do I Get Tested For Rheumatoid Arthritis

Other Conditions That Can Cause Hand Pain Include:

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Rheumatoid arthritis can raise your risk of this condition, but many other factors can contribute as well, including anatomy of your wrist, nerve-damaging diseases and possibly repetitive hand motions. Its tricky because you could have carpal tunnel syndrome that is related to RA or not at all related to RA.

How Does A Normal Joint Work

Rheumatoid Arthritis

A joint is where two bones meet. Most of our joints are designed to allow the bones to move in certain directions and within certain limits.

For example, the knee is the largest joint in the body and one of the most complicated. It must be strong enough to take our weight and must lock into position, so we can stand upright.

It also has to act as a hinge, so we can walk, and needs to twist and turn when we run or play sports.

The end of each bone is covered with cartilage that has a very smooth, slippery surface. The cartilage allows the ends of the bones to move against each other, almost without rubbing.

The joint is held in place by the synovium, which contains thick fluid to protect the bones and joint.

The synovium has a tough outer layer that holds the joint in place and stops the bones moving too far.

Strong cords called tendons anchor the muscles to the bones.

Recommended Reading: What Are The Early Warning Signs Of Arthritis

How Is Rheumatoid Arthritis Diagnosed

Diagnosing RA may be difficult in the early stages. This is because symptoms may be very mild, and signs of the disease may not be seen on X-rays or in blood tests. Your healthcare provider will take your medical history and give you a physical exam. Tests may also be done, such as:

  • X-ray. This test uses a small amount of radiation to create images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film.
  • Joint aspiration. For this test, a small fluid sample is taken from a swollen joint. It is done to look for signs of infection or gout.
  • Nodule biopsy. Tiny tissue samples are taken to look at under a microscope. This helps to check for cancer or other abnormal cells.
  • Blood tests. These tests are done to find certain antibodies, called rheumatoid factor, cyclic citrullinated antibody, and other signs of RA.
  • Ultrasound or MRI. These imaging tests can look for bone damage and inflammation.

How Rheumatoid Arthritis Affects Your Hands

Many joints are covered with a lining called the synovium, which lubricates the joint so it moves more easily. When you have rheumatoid arthritis, the synovium becomes inflamed, thickens, and produces an excess of joint fluid. This is known as synovitis. That extra fluid along with the inflammatory chemicals released by the immune system causes swelling, damages cartilage, and softens the bone within the joint. The swollen tissue may stretch the surrounding ligaments, resulting in deformity and instability, according to the American Society for Surgery of the Hand. The inflammation may also weaken and damage tendons. Ligaments are connective tissues that join two bones tendons are connective issues that join muscle to bone.

When RA strikes the hand, it is most common in the wrist and finger knuckles more specifically the MCP joint, or the large knuckle where the fingers and thumb meet the hand, and the PIP joint, or middle knuckle, explains Jemima Albayda, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine in the Division of Rheumatology at Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore.

The first knuckle at the top of the finger closest to the nails the DIP, or distal interphalangeal joint is generally spared in RA. In the wrist, RA often affects the joint between the two bones of the forearm, the radius and ulna.

Don’t Miss: How Do I Stop Arthritis In My Fingers

Reasons Your Shoulders Hurt When Training Chest

Below are some other reasons as to why your shoulders hurt during chest workouts. Remember, if you are dealing with chronic shoulder issues working through them or it feels better as I warm up are all warning signs that your body is sending you. Ignore them, and you will be sidelined for much longer.

Use the below section as a way to check back in with yourself and your training. Disclaimer, I am not a doctor, so the below recommendations are suggestions based on my experience. If you have issues or concerns, please seek medical and professional assistance.

Also Check: How To Know If You Have Arthritis In Your Hand

Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy

Ask a Doc: Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rotator cuff tear arthropathy is a type of shoulder arthritis that can develop after a massive and prolonged rotator cuff tear. The four rotator cuff tendons in your shoulder wrap around the ball portion of the shoulder joint, holding it in place. If one or more of these tendons is heavily torn, this may cause the humeral head to rub against other bones and develop arthritis.

Read Also: What Medicine Is Good For Arthritis

You May Like: Is Red Wine Bad For Arthritis

Arthritis In The Big Toe

Arthritis in the big toealso called hallux rigidusis common. It typically affects the first metatarsophalangeal joint, which is located at the base of the big toe and connects the toe to the rest of the foot. Every time you take a step, this joint bears your body weight arthritis in this joint can increasingly limit your ability to walk without pain.

Does Rheumatoid Arthritis Cause Fatigue

Everyones experience of rheumatoid arthritis is a little different. But many people with RA say that fatigue is among the worst symptoms of the disease.

Living with chronic pain can be exhausting. And fatigue can make it more difficult to manage your pain. Its important to pay attention to your body and take breaks before you get too tired.

What are rheumatoid arthritis flare symptoms?

The symptoms of a rheumatoid arthritis flare arent much different from the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. But people with RA have ups and downs. A flare is a time when you have significant symptoms after feeling better for a while. With treatment, youll likely have periods of time when you feel better. Then, stress, changes in weather, certain foods or infections trigger a period of increased disease activity.

Although you cant prevent flares altogether, there are steps you can take to help you manage them. It might help to write your symptoms down every day in a journal, along with whats going on in your life. Share this journal with your rheumatologist, who may help you identify triggers. Then you can work to manage those triggers.

Don’t Miss: Can Arthritis Cause Leg Swelling

Treating Arthritis In Baton Rouge

Whether you are suffering from osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or one of the dozens of other forms of arthritis, you will require the care of a specialist to help preserve the joint and alleviate painful symptoms. The Bone and Joint Clinic of Baton Rouge is home to many such specialists, with a large number of orthopedic physicians who are experienced and skilled in evaluating and treating the disease. Simply click the button below to learn more or to request your appointment.

Is Walking Good For Arthritis Of The Spine

Arthritis Google Health

Despite all the workouts available, walking remains a tried-and-true form of exercise. Not only is it low-impact for achy joints, it also provides cardiovascular benefits. When considering back pain from arthritis, follow some simple rules to get the most out of your walk: Wear comfortable walking shoes.

You May Like: How Much Tumeric Should I Take For Arthritis

How To Avoid Complications Of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis can also affect the nerves in the body which is why a lot of patients experience numbness and sharp pain in affected areas. The condition is definitely alarming. It affects more parts of the body than you think. And does not just affect your joints as bones like most of the people say. It can also affect vital organs and affect your vision as well as your nerves. So, is vital to treat this condition as soon as possible to avoid complications of rheumatoid arthritis.

Dont Miss: Whats Bad For Arthritis

What To Do When Rain Causes Pain

While you cant avoid changing weather, you can take steps to prevent, ease or relieve weather-related joint pain. Dr. Bolash recommends:

Stay limber Stretching regularly and doing yoga are great ways to increase flexibility and maintain joint health. Building muscle may also help. The more muscle you use during physical activity, the better able those muscles are to support your joints.

Do water exercises Working out in a warm pool is especially good for loosening stiff muscles, strengthening joints, building muscle strength and easing discomfort. Water provides resistance while lifting the weight from aching joints.

Consider anti-inflammatory medication or treatments For patients with pain in a single joint such as the site of a former knee injury for example we might pursue steroid injection or other treatment, says Dr. Bolash.

Overall, maintaining mobility is the best way to fend off widespread joint pain without visiting your physician and thats true in any kind of weather, Dr. Bolash says.

Recommended Reading: How Do You Get Arthritis In Your Shoulder

Read Also: What Types Of Arthritis Are There

When Rheumatoid Arthritis In The Hand Is Serious

Experts estimate 90% of people who have RA have symptoms in at least one hand joint.6,7 While prompt and aggressive treatment can typically prevent the worst outcomes, RA in the hand can be a serious cause for concern if:

  • Damage to joint tissues causes bones to become malaligned. This malalignment can result in hand deformities and prevent the hand from functioning normally.
  • It prevents a person from being able to care for themselves, particularly if they live alone.
  • It leads to severe carpal tunnel syndrome. Advanced carpal tunnel causes numbness and/or tingling and weakness in the thumb and associated fingers, and can result in permanent nerve damage if left untreated.

In any of these cases, consultation with a medical professional is advised.

Reduced Ranged Of Motion

What is Rheumatoid Arthritis? | Ausmed Explains…

In early RA, the joints are only mildly restricted. As RA advances, limited range of motion results from swelling and weakness in the joints.

Joint movement becomes harder, and balance is affected. The reduced range of motion might also cause limping and losses of coordination, grip, and dexterity, even in the early stages.

Dont Miss: How Does Methotrexate Help Rheumatoid Arthritis

Also Check: What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis Caused From

Hand Joints Are Synovial Joints

The small joints of the hands are an example of synovial joints. Rheumatoid arthritis attacks synovial joints.

  • Each synovial joint is encapsulated in a pliable membrane, called a synovial membrane or synovium. When the joint is healthy, this membrane is very thinâjust one or two cells thick.
  • The joint capsule contains synovial fluid. This fluid is produced by the membrane. It is thin, clear, and viscous, and it normally nourishes and lubricates the joint, enabling movement.

Synovial joints in the hand are quite small and normally contain just a tiny amount of synovial fluid.

When rheumatoid arthritis occurs, the immune system attacks a synovial jointâs delicate membrane. The affected finger, thumb, and/or wrist joints can become inflamed, swollen, and painful.

The disease process involves these 5 steps:

  • White blood cells invade. The immune system sends white blood cells, called leukocytes, to invade one or more hand joints.
  • Inflammation is triggered. The white blood cells trigger inflammation in the hand jointsâ synovium. When synovium is inflamed it is called synovitis.
  • Pannus forms. The inflamed synovial tissue may continue to react to the white blood cell invasion by adding layers of new synovial cells at a very rapid pace. This new, abnormal tissue is called pannus.
  • Excess fluid is produced. In addition to releasing damaging proteins, the pannus may create excess fluid that contributes to wrist and knuckle swelling.
  • Changes can also occur in the handâs tendons.

    Can Rheumatoid Arthritis Cause Neurological Symptoms

    A wide spectrum of neurological conditions occur in RA, including peripheral neuropathy, encephalopathy, myelopathy, vasculitis causing neuropathy and stroke, myositis and denervation atrophy. RA patients have more neurological symptoms and deficits, based on standardized scoring criteria, than do normal controls.

    Read Also: Are Bee Stings Good For Arthritis

    Commonly Affected Joints In Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Both small and large joints are frequently targeted by RA. The most commonly affected small joints include the hands, wrists, knees, and feet.

    Specifically, these joints are called:

    • Metacarpophalangeal joints between the hand and fingers
    • Proximal interphalangeal joints, the middle joints of the fingers
    • Radiocarpal joint of the wrist
    • Tibiofemoral joint of the knee
    • Metatarsophalangeal joints between the foot and the toes

    Healthcare providers use your specific symptoms and pain pattern to differentiate RA from similar diseases such as osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and pseudogout.

    Seeing Your Healthcare Provider About Joint Pain

    Rheumatoid Arthritis. Healthy Hand, and Hand with Rheumatoid Arthritis ...

    When you consult your healthcare provider about pain or other issues with your joints, you may only bring what is most bothersome or causing the most interference with usual activities. Don’t hesitate to mention other joints, even if symptoms seem mild or unrelated.

    Regardless, the practitioner will likely perform a thorough joint examination of multiple joints to check for signs of RA and similar diseases.

    During this exam, your healthcare provider will:

    • Visually inspect your joints for swelling, redness, and deformity
    • Palpate for pain, warmth, and tenderness
    • Passively move your joints to determine whether your range of motion is normal or abnormal and to determine if movement exacerbates pain
    • Examine your joints for crepitus and joint instability

    While it is important for your healthcare provider to accurately note the presence or absence of specific findings during the joint examination, ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging are more sensitive for detecting synovitis and detailed abnormalities.

    Physical signs of RA, which would be evident during a joint examination, can be scarce in the early stages of RA. That’s why a joint examination is only one part of the process.

    Your medical history, blood test results, and imaging studies also are necessary aspects when framing an accurate diagnosis.

    Rheumatoid Arthritis Doctor Discussion Guide

    Get our printable guide for your next doctor’s appointment to help you ask the right questions.

    Read Also: How To Treat Arthritis In Knee At Home

    What Are The Types Of Arthritis

    The term arthritis refers to over 100 conditions which can impact the joints. However, the most commonly observed forms of arthritis can be narrowed down to two:

    • Osteoarthritis The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative or wear and tear arthritis. This form of the disease occurs over time, as the joint gradually begins to break down due to age or injury. It most commonly affects the knees, hands, and hips.
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis RA is an autoimmune disease in which the bodys own immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells of the joints. This leads to painful inflammation in the tissue that lines joints and is most commonly observed in the knees, hands, and wrists.

    What Are The Risk Factors For Developing Rheumatoid Arthritis

    There are several risk factors for developing rheumatoid arthritis. These include:

    • Family history: Youre more likely to develop RA if you have a close relative who also has it.
    • Sex: Women and people designated female at birth are two to three times more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis.
    • Smoking:Smoking increases a persons risk of rheumatoid arthritis and makes the disease worse.
    • Obesity: Your chances of developing RA are higher if you have obesity.

    You May Like: Is The Keto Diet Good For Arthritis

    Signs And Symptoms Of Ra

    You might find that pain is affecting both your feet in the same locations. For some people, the ankles hurt the most and might appear swollen. You might feel other symptoms as well.

    Patients complain of pain in the toe joints, ligaments, or ankles mainly upon arising from bed. It is associated with joint swelling, redness, and warmth. Rheumatoid nodules can also develop. This can lead to joint deformities and widening of the forefoot, necessitating an increase in shoe size, explains Maya Mattar, MD, a rheumatologist at the Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Administration Medical Center in Ohio. Dr. Mattar adds that the pain and stiffness may be worse in the morning, forcing you to get up an hour or more early in order to prepare yourself for the day.

    A study published in the July 2018 issue of Journal of Foot and Ankle Research compiled the recommendations of a panel of 24 medical professionals and patients to diagnose and treat foot problems related to RA. Based on the foot issues, treatments include medication, exercise therapy, a variety of shoes, braces, and orthotics, or surgery.

    Your rheumatologist can also prescribe you medications, called disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs , that control the inflammation and prevent joint damage, notes Mattar.

    Popular Articles
    Related news