Osteoarthritis Versus Rheumatoid Arthritis
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition where the cartilage in joints is damaged, disrupting the smooth gliding motion of the joint surfaces. The result is pain, swelling, and deformity that can worsen over time. The most common joints affected are knees, hips, spine, and hands. The pain of osteoarthritis increases with overuse and improves with rest.
Rheumatoid arthritis , on the other hand, is an inflammatory autoimmune disease that affects connective tissue throughout the body. The most common result is redness, swelling, and tenderness in the joints. RA symptoms and severity can vary significantly between people. Some may have mild symptoms over a short period of time and some may have more severe forms that last many years. RA may occur in cycles of remission with no symptoms and flare ups where symptoms are more severe.
Joints Affected by Osteoarthritis:
What Is The Latest Treatment For Rheumatoid Arthritis
The Social Security Administration considers Rheumatoid Arthritis, or RA, a qualifying disability, but it must be advanced RA to meet the SSA’s eligibility requirements. Use the following tips to your advantage when applying for Social Security Disability benefits.
What Can I Expect From A Baker’s Cyst
Q) I have a Baker’s cyst on my right knee because of osteoarthritis. What am I to expect? How long will it last? Will I need a new knee eventually? Ive already had two hip replacements, so I use a crutch when I walk outside.
Rowena – 2017
A) A Baker’s cyst is a swelling that can develop behind the knee. It’s filled with synovial fluid, which is the lubricating fluid that’s usually found inside the knee joint. It most commonly occurs if there’s an underlying problem with your knee, such as osteoarthritis. A Bakers cyst often causes no symptoms, but some people can experience pain, swelling and tightness behind the knee.
Having a Bakers cyst doesnt necessarily mean you’ll need a knee replacement. Often it’ll get better on its own and the swelling goes away over time. In a small minority of people, they can split open and the fluid inside can leak out into the calf muscle, which causes swelling, redness and itching. If anything like this happens, you should get it checked out by your GP, as they’ll need to make sure that the symptoms are due to the Bakers cyst and not a deep vein thrombosis , which can cause similar symptoms, but needs treatment. However, most people with a Bakers cyst wont experience this.
This answer was provided by Dr Tom Margham in 2017, and was correct at the time of publication.
Recommended Reading: Medical Term Arthritis
Ra Vs Oa: Clinical Manifestations
RA symptoms have a rather rapid onset where the condition can worsen in a matter of weeks. On the other hand, OA symptoms slowly develop and gradually worsen over a long period of time.
RA symptoms affect joints all the over the body including hands, fingers, elbows, knees, and hips. Meanwhile, OA frequently affects the small finger joints and thumb, as well as the knees. RA always affects multiple joints on both sides of the body, whereas OA may only affect one particular joint or area of the body.
At the onset of RA, symptoms like fatigue, fever, weight loss, and loss of appetite are indicative of the diseases development. OA doesnt produce these types of systemic symptoms as it is considered a local disease.
RA commonly produces symmetrical symptoms, meaning both sides of the body are affected similarly. OA is based entirely on wear and tear of individual joints.
RA causes prolonged morning stiffness lasting greater than 30 minutes. OA patients may feel morning stiffness, but it generally subsides within the first 30 minutes.
Here is a summary comparison between RA and OA symptoms:
- Joint pain, stiffness, swelling affecting multiple joints
- Symmetrical symptoms affecting both sides of the body
- Morning stiffness lasting longer than 30 minutes
- Systemic symptoms like fatigue, fever, and malaise
Which Is Worse Osteoarthritis Or Arthritis
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis, which can be caused by many factors, including physical inactivity. Arthritis affects your bones and joints. It is caused by abnormal inflammation of the cartilage in your bones. This inflammation causes pain and stiffness, swelling, and inflammation. If you are suffering from arthritis, you should take steps to prevent it from becoming more severe. Exercise regularly and eat healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. Eating healthy food will help you stay fit and active while also keeping your bones strong.
Osteoarthritis is a condition in which a joint is gradually deformed due to various causes, causing pain and swelling of the joint. The cartilage on the surface of the joint becomes worn, and also, the synovium lining the inside of the joint becomes inflamed, and gradually deforms the bone around the joint, which may happen over many years. Eventually, the movement of the joints will be restricted, and it will interfere with daily life. Deformation of the joint progresses due to age-related changes, as well as mechanical stimulation caused by exercise, injury and weight, and stimulation of inflammation caused by infection.
Which Symptoms Are Specific To Rheumatoid Arthritis
In addition to affecting the joints, rheumatoid arthritis can affect the entire body, causing issues in the eyes, lungs, heart, blood vessels, or nerves. The risk of heart disease is also elevated by 50%. It can result in a low-grade fever, especially for children. Rheumatoid arthritis can also cause muscle aches and excessive fatigue.
More advanced cases of rheumatoid arthritis can cause rheumatoid nodules, hard lumps under the skin near joints that could be tender. Inflammation can lead to permanent damage to the joints if its not managed correctly. Rheumatoid arthritis commonly appears first in smaller joints like fingers, eventually developing in knees, shoulders, ankles, and other joints. Symptoms manifest themselves symmetrically, affecting both sides of the body at the same time. While both types of arthritis commonly have worse symptoms in the morning or after an hour of inactivity, stiffness may take over an hour to subside.Rheumatoid arthritis can be challenging to diagnose, with a variety of other symptoms in addition to joint pain.
Early diagnosis is essential, as permanent damage joint damage can occur less than one year from the onset of symptoms. Doctors may need to conduct some tests to make an official diagnosis, including blood tests and X-rays. A thorough physical exam is required to check for swollen or tender joints as well as other symptoms. Health history is also important in diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis.
Which Is Worse Osteoarthritis Or Rheumatoid Arthritis Mosaic Weighted Blanket
We need solutions that soothe joints or muscles. Which Is Worse Osteoarthritis Or Rheumatoid Arthritis. Living with Rheumatoid Arthritis may be difficult sometimes you need assistance stretching with deep tissue tools and finding relief while sleeping with the Mosaic weighted blanket.
Im seeing a ton of rave reviews regarding these Mosaic blankets. I had to dig deeper and I found out that Mosaics are specially designed to be 8-12% of your body weight. We are referring to the sort of low-tech sensory hacks that give calm to arthritis, anxiety, and also those that experience clinical PTSD. The idea is to give you the feeling of being hugged or held. So all the fuzzy and warm feelings you get from this type of sensory input is replicated via an weighted blanket. Most of the times you experience pain or numbness in the joints or muscle it is because you are unable to relax or stretch that joint or muscle.
This blanket, gives the experience of being hugged tight, which is as soothing regardless of your age.
Anyone who has experienced this sort of discomfort and sought relief knows how frustrating it can be.
So at about $150 for the blanket that could last years and help alleviate pain and help me sleep its a no brainer.
But not all are created and only a few are designed for breathability. Like any good idea, tons of brands pop up to provide inferior products .
Recommended Reading: Can You Get A Rash With Rheumatoid Arthritis
Managing Symptoms Of Autoimmune Arthritis
Several medications work for both psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications reduce pain and swelling.
- Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs protect joints and slow the disease, and less of the joint is destroyed, meaning theres less swelling, pain and less loss of joint function.
- Biologics target the specific parts of the immune system that drive inflammation.
As researchers learn more about the causes of inflammatory arthritis, theyre developing new medications to manage these diseases. Some of these new drugs are designed to specifically target one disease or the other.
Both psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are chronic diseases. They cant be cured, but they can be managed, Dr. Rosian says. By working with your doctor to get the correct diagnosis, you can manage symptoms to feel your best.
Osteoarthritis Vs Rheumatoid Arthritis Diagnosis
Rheumatoid arthritis is diagnosed by performing several tests. There is no single test that identifies rheumatoid arthritis:
- Physical examination to look for swelling, redness and other outward physical symptoms.
- Blood tests look for the rheumatoid factor, anti-CCP and antinuclear antibodies, and the level of inflammation.
- Imaging tests that include x-rays, MRIs and/or ultrasounds.
Considering what can be determined by an osteoarthritis vs rheumatoid arthritis xray, the x-ray is more beneficial for detecting osteoarthritis because the disease involves the bones in its early stages. Rheumatoid arthritis may not present itself in the bones in its early stages. Instead, the patient may experience non-bone issues first, like chronic fatigue, or synovial and tendon inflammation. For this reason, the MRI and ultrasound are better than x-rays for early diagnose of rheumatoid arthritis.
Recommended Reading: Does Arthritis Hurt To The Touch
Can You Have Both Ra And Oa
Yes, its possible to have both RA and OA.
While OA usually develops after years of wear and tear on cartilage, people with RA may have it earlier in life due to causes such as sports injuries that result in damage to the cartilage, joints, or ligaments.
People with RA may also develop OA as they get older.
People older than 65 who may have OA can also develop a condition called . Unlike RA, EORA more frequently affects large joints.
Pearls And Other Issues
Rheumatoid spondylitis in elective surgery:
- Any patient with RA should have flexion/extension films prior to having elective surgery
- RA spondylitis most commonly affects the occipitoatlantoaxial joint
- Ranawat grade IIIB patients have high associated morbidity when it comes to performing surgical intervention — thus the literature is very controversial with respect to the use of surgery in this unique subset of RA spondylitis patients
Recommended Reading: Polyarthritis Causes
Differences Between Ra And Oa
As rheumatoid arthritis progresses, the more severe symptoms appear. Following are some differences between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
- RA is an autoimmune disease so the immune system is compromised, but in osteoarthritis autoimmune issues are not present.
- RA symptoms have a rapid onset, while OA progresses slowly.
- RA affects joints throughout the body, while OA affects mostly knees, small finger joints, thumb and hips .
- RA creates systemic symptoms, like fatigue and low-grade fever, while OA is localized to a joint.
- RA is symmetrical, so both sides of the body are affected in similar joints, while OA affects individual joints.
- RA morning stiffness may last longer than 30 minutes, while the stiffness people with OA experiences is likely to ease within 30 minutes.
What Other Treatments Can Help Pain Caused By Osteoarthritis And Rheumatoid Arthritis
Q) I’m getting desperate. I suffer from both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. My greatest problem is osteoarthritis in my cervical spine. For about five years I’ve been in constant pain, night and day. My rheumatologist can only suggest exercises, heat, a collar and painkillers , all to little effect. I heard of someone who has Botox injections three times a month, which brings great relief. Could you advise me on this or any other treatment you think would be successful? I’m reaching the end of my tether.
Patricia, Altrincham, Cheshire – 2011
A) I’m sorry to hear about this. Constant pain in the neck is one of the worst types of pain and I know from personal experience how disabling it can be. I’ve given Botox injections for neck conditions, but only if significant muscle spasm is present this is sometimes referred to as spasmodic torticollis. Botox works by paralysing the muscles. It’s a drug derived from the bacteria that cause botulism, where widespread muscle paralysis can occur. It sounds worse than it is and these injections have now been introduced widely in medicine. You’ve probably heard of their use in plastic surgery. The paralysis isn’t permanent, but can last for a good while. Often the injections have to be repeated to maintain their benefit. In your case, it would be advisable to seek an opinion from someone who administers these treatments. Other injections, such as selective nerve blocks, are also a possibility.
Recommended Reading: How To Get Rid Of Arthritis In Knees
It May Affect Daily Activities
This type of arthritis is more common among older adults than younger people. Osteoarthritis often makes performing common daily activities difficult like bending over, getting dressed, walking, hitting, squat or performing specific personal chores as part of work .
While it might not be possible to completely prevent degenerative illnesses once developed, there are osteoarthritis care options available to reduce its impact and make life easier. It is important to note that these treatments do not necessarily cure all arthritis, but they may help with symptoms such as joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. If you are suffering from arthritis, this is a great time to start looking for alternative treatments.
Degenerative Disease Vs Autoimmune Disease
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease and rheumatoid is a autoimmune disease.
Osteoarthritis a degenerative disease
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis of all and is commonly seen after the age of 40 and widespread in the age group of 60 and above. It is a localized disease process which was previously known as Degenerative Joint Diseases . The disease process involves the progressive destruction of the joint surface and cartilage.
Rheumatoid arthritis an autoimmune disease
OA may be the most common form of arthritis, but RA is the most crippling. Unlike OA which a localized disease, RA is a type of arthritis in which there is a systemic inflammatory disease that affects multiple joints.
RA can affect any joint, but the small joints of the hands and feet seem to be most affected. Moreover, inflammation may affect organs, including the eyes, lungs, heart, and skin.
It can affect a person as young as 20 years old and as old as 60 and affects more to females than males. It is a chronic disease, causing pain, swelling, joint damage and limited motion and function in the affected joints.
Recommended Reading: Ra And Tendonitis
Osteoarthritis Vs Rheumatoid Arthritis: Which One Is Worse
Osteoarthritis vs rheumatoid arthritis has always been a great debate. Today we discuss which type of arthritis is worse.
With more than 40 million Americans suffering from arthritis, we have one of the most arthritic populations on the planet.
When youre trying to figure out whether osteoarthritis vs rheumatoid arthritis is worse, its deciding between the frying pan and the fire. However, if youre not sure which you have yet, you might want to learn about the differences between the two types of arthritis.
Here is everything you need to know.
The Epidemiology of RA versus OA
When youre comparing rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, one of the big differences that arises is from looking at how the disease is caused.
Rheumatoid arthritis comes as an autoimmune disorder that causes joint pain throughout the body. There are inflammatory symptoms that arise when you have this condition that causes severe discomfort and pain.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition that comes from overuse of your joints. This is one that can happen to athletes who dont train or diet properly or who have poor genetics. OA could result in inflammatory issues but its chief issue is that it destroys your cartilage over the course of time.
While more than a million Americans have rheumatoid arthritis, there are 27 million Americans who are dealing with osteoarthritis. That means that about one in ten people is going to deal with this at some point.
What Causes Them
Is The Most Serious Form Of Arthritis But Is The Most Common Type Of Arthritis
Osteoarthritis is by far the most common form of arthritis, affecting more than 27 million adults. Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage in your joints breaks down, leaving your bones to rub against each other. Signs of osteoarthritis include stiffness, swelling, and a crunching feeling when you move your joints.
Also Check: How To Reduce Arthritis Swelling In Hands
What Are The 4 Stages Of Osteoarthritis
The four stages of osteoarthritis are:
- Stage 1 Minor. Minor wear-and-tear in the joints. Little to no pain in the affected area.
- Stage 2 Mild. More noticeable bone spurs.
- Stage 3 Moderate. Cartilage in the affected area begins to erode.
- Stage 4 Severe. The patient is in a lot of pain.
Oa And Ra: Key Comparisons
More than 30 million people in the United States are believed to have osteoarthritis, which is a degenerative joint disease. It’s often called wear-and-tear arthritis and is caused by the breakdown of joint cartilagecushioning that sits between the bones that form your joints.
Cartilage loss can cause bones to rub together, which is extremely painful. Osteoarthritis typically begins in a single joint and is more common after age 65.
Rheumatoid arthritis is much less common, with an estimated 1.5 people in the U.S. diagnosed with it. RA is a chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease that primarily targets the lining of the joint , but it can also affect the organs throughout your body. Multiple joints are usually involved, as well.
RA disease onset is most common in people between 30 and 60. Women are two to three times more likely than men to have the disease, and men tend to get it later in life.
|OA vs. RA: At a Glance
Recommended Reading: Vicks Vaporub For Arthritis