Reducing Inflammation And Preventing Damage
A balanced, nutritious diet will give the body the tools it needs to prevent further damage to the joints, which is essential for people with osteoarthritis.
Some foods are known to reduce inflammation in the body, and following an anti-inflammatory diet can improve symptoms. Eating enough antioxidants, including vitamins A, C, and E, may help to prevent further damage to the joints.
What Is The Best Diet For Rheumatoid Arthritis
Because the research on specific foods is inconclusive, your doc will probably tell you to eat a generally healthy diet. That means go easy on the red meat and processed foods and load up on fresh fruit, leafy greens, lean proteins, and whole grains. Beyond that, some studies show that these specific types of diets can be beneficial to easing RA symptoms.
Are There Any Foods That Help With Arthritis
Theres no specific food that will help with arthritis. But some people feel that certain foods help reduce their symptoms.
Making changes to your diet might help you, but this shouldnt be done instead of treatments youve been given, and its a good idea to speak to the person treating you before making any big changes.
Many foods have been said to help with arthritis or have anti-inflammatory effects. However, theres no evidence that things like apple cider vinegar and manuka honey can improve symptoms, and they can be expensive. Some people say they have helped, so theres no harm in trying them, but you should keep an open mind about whether theyre helping you or not.
Its important to have a healthy, balanced diet when you have arthritis, but there are some foods, vitamins and nutrients you may need to make sure you get enough of, to reduce the chances of other health problems, which are covered in the following section.
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What Are The Causes And Risk Factors Of Arthritis
The cause of arthritis may vary according to the type of the disease. Most types of arthritis do not have a known cause.
Research has revealed the role of three major factors in certain types of arthritis:
- Genetic factors cause some types of arthritis to run in families.
- Physical activity and diet affect arthritis symptoms.
- The presence of other medical conditions such as infections and chronic diseases such as lupus puts you at risk for arthritis.
Several factors may increase a person’s risk for arthritis:
- Age: The risk of getting arthritis, particularly osteoarthritis, increases with age. Age may also worsen the symptoms of arthritis.
- Gender: Arthritis generally affects women more often than men.
- Weight: Being obese or overweight puts extra stress on the joints that support an individual’s weight. Increased weight beyond the normal range for a person’s age and height increases joint wear and tear, and the risk of arthritis.
- Occupation: Certain jobs may involve the worker to keep doing the same movements repeatedly. These include jobs where one needs to do heavy lifting or repeated fine work as done by musicians. It can cause joint stress and/or an injury, which may lead to arthritis.
- Injury: Joint injury or trauma may cause osteoarthritis.
- Autoimmune diseases: These may misdirect the immune system toward the joints as seen in rheumatoid arthritis and lupus.
- Infections: Certain infections may lead to joint inflammation as seen in tubercular arthritis and .
Ways To Manage The Pain
People can try the following methods to manage the pain associated with advanced-stage OA:
- Using hot therapy: A heating pad or hot pack can help relieve pain and stiffness. People should apply heat to the affected joint 23 times a day for 20 minutes. People should be careful not to burn their skin.
- Using cold therapy: A person can apply an ice pack twice a day, for 1520 minutes at a time. Individuals should check their skin every 5 minutes to ensure they are not getting ice burn.
- Achieving and maintaining a moderate weight: This can help to relieve the pressure on the joints. For those who are overweight or have obesity, losing 1 pound of weight can reduce the load on the affected joint by 36 lb .
- Taking pain medication: Pain relief, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , can help reduce swelling and pain. Examples include ibuprofen and acetaminophen. Doctors may also prescribe pain relief medications at higher strengths.
- Exercising: Although exercising with advanced stage OA may feel uncomfortable, it is important to take part in low impact physical activity, such as swimming, walking, and riding a bike. People can try gentle exercises to reduce pain and swelling. This can include:
- range-of-motion exercises to help flexibility
- aerobic exercise to strengthen the heart and lungs and build stamina
- strengthening exercises to increase muscle strength to help protect the joints
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Foods To Avoid When You Have Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease that has no known cause. Its a progressive disease, so managing the condition means treating the symptoms, but also slowing down its progress. One way to manage RA may be through diet. Although not proven through clinical trials, many people feel better, with fewer rheumatoid arthritis symptoms, if they avoid eating certain foods that could trigger inflammation. Here are eight types of foods to avoid on a rheumatoid arthritis diet.
Is There An Ra Diet
In one study of women with RA, those who took a cooking class on Mediterranean-style foods and ate that way for 2 months had less joint pain and morning stiffness and better overall health than those who didnât take the class.
Aim to eat a healthy diet with:
- Lots of whole grains, vegetables, and fruits. They should make up two-thirds of your plate.
- Low-fat dairy and lean proteins, which should make up one-third
- Small amounts of saturated and trans fats
- Limited alcohol
Although no food plans are proven to help with RA, you may read about some that claim to do so or about people with RA who say a diet worked for them.
Before you try one, itâs a good idea to discuss it with your doctor, especially if it calls for large doses of supplements or cuts out entire food groups.
Instead of getting fixated on fasting or finding the perfect foods, be sensible about eating. Don’t make huge changes to your diet. Don’t skip meals. Eat three healthy meals and a couple of small snacks a day, says M. Elaine Husni, MD, director of the Cleveland Clinicâs Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Treatment Center.
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Green Tea: A Nice Cuppa May Sooth Your Joints
Green tea has an abundance of catechins that interrupt the expression of inflammation. Its effect on rheumatoid arthritis has been long studied one such study, published in August 2017 in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, reported that the consumption of green tea offers an overall anti-inflammatory effect. However, most studies have been on small samples. A newer study, published in the March 20, 2020, issue of Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism looked at a real-world, large scale study. Result: A higher intake of green tea was associated with lesser disease activity.
Choosing The Right Fats
Research suggests that eating foods with healthy fats rather than foods with unhealthy fats may help reduce the symptoms of arthritis. While these effects are modest compared to medicines, healthier fats do not have any serious side effects. They also have other health benefits, such as reduced risk of heart disease.
Healthier dietary fat
- Monounsaturated fat: Researchers have found a link between these types of fats and reduced disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis. Foods that are high in monounsaturated fats include vegetable oils , avocados and many nuts and seeds.
- Omega-3 fats: Studies show that eating foods rich in omega-3 fats can help reduce inflammation, particularly in rheumatoid arthritis. Foods rich in omega-3 fats include:
- fish: oily fish, such as sardines and salmon, have greater amounts of omega-3 fats
- fish oil supplements: see Fish oils for more information
- ground linseeds and linseed oil
Harmful dietary fat
- Saturated fat: This is a type of fat that comes mainly from red meat, poultry and full-fat dairy products. Saturated fat raises total blood cholesterol levels, particularly unhealthy LDL-cholesterol. This type of cholesterol has been linked with increased cartilage damage in people with osteoarthritis. These fats can also increase your risk of cardiovascular disease.
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Do Any Foods Make Arthritis Worse
Some people feel that certain foods are bad for arthritis and that cutting them out helps with their symptoms. Some of the foods people worry about include:
- citrus fruits, such as oranges, lemons and grapefruit
- vegetables from the nightshade family including potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, chillies and aubergines
- gluten, a protein found in pasta, bread and cereals.
Theres no evidence that diets where certain foods are cut out, also known as exclusion or elimination diets, are helpful for people with osteoarthritis. They have been shown to sometimes help people with rheumatoid arthritis, though the food that may cause symptoms is likely to be different for each person.
This could be for a number of reasons, including the person being allergic or intolerant to the food they cut out, rather than being directly related to the arthritis. If healthy foods are not affecting your symptoms, you dont need to cut them out of your diet.
If you want to try cutting certain foods out of your diet to see if it improves your symptoms, the important thing to remember is to speak to a doctor or dietitian first. Theyll be able to support you and make sure youre trying out the change to your diet safely. Some foods are present in things we dont realise, so they can also help make sure you really are cutting out everything you plan to.
Do Certain Foods Cause Arthritis
There is very little proof that specific foods have an effect on arthritis. The exception to this is gout . Arthritis symptoms usually vary day to day. This makes it hard to know if a change in symptoms is because of a particular change in food or just coincidence. Some people with arthritis report improvements after avoiding certain foods. However this is usually due to individual food intolerances .
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Glucosamine Can Be Effective For Treating Joint Pain
Glucosamine reduces the symptoms of pain, swelling and stiffness of the joints. It is naturally synthesized in our body and present in our connective tissues such as the cartilage in our knees. As we age, we lose the amount of this substance in our body, which leads to thinning of cartilage, and that might progress to osteoarthritis.
Glucosamine cannot regenerate cartilage, but it can prevent further loss and stop the progression of arthritis. The good thing about it is that it doesnt have serious side effects.
One scientific study in adults with osteoarthritis found that taking 1,500 mg of glucosamine daily for half a year reduced pain and improved function more than a placebo.
Another two scientific studies, showed that taking 1,500 mg of glucosamine sulfate daily for three years improved symptoms of osteoarthritis. One of the studies concluded that: Long-term treatment with glucosamine sulfate retarded the progression of knee osteoarthritis. The other study concluded that taking glucosamine can be good for treating symptoms of osteoarthritis.
Maintaining A Healthy Weight
Being overweight can put extra pressure on the joints, and excess fat stores in the body can cause further inflammation. Maintaining a healthy weight can lessen the symptoms of osteoarthritis.
Keeping to a healthy weight can be difficult for some people, especially those who have a medical condition that reduces their mobility, such as osteoarthritis. A doctor or dietitian will be able to provide advice.
Including specific foods in the diet can strengthen the bones, muscles, and joints and help the body to fight inflammation and disease.
People with osteoarthritis can try adding the following eight foods to their diet to ease their symptoms:
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Vegetarian And Vegan Diets
Many people choose to take up vegetarian or vegan diets for personal, religious, ethical, health or environmental reasons. Generally speaking, vegetarians dont eat any meat or fish, and vegans dont eat meat, fish, dairy, eggs, and other animal products.
Theres no evidence that avoiding foods such as red meat can help with rheumatoid arthritis.
Eating a plant-based diet has lots of health benefits, but its important to make sure youre still getting enough nutrients and making sure that any substitutes for animal products are still healthy choices.
Some people find that a vegetarian diet does help with their symptoms but before you change your diet, you should speak to your doctor or a dietitian to make sure youre still getting all the nutrients you need.
What Foods Can Cause Inflammation In The Joints
Inflammatory foods are foods that can produce or trigger inflammatory symptoms in joints and in the digestive system. These are foods that are generally processed, cooked at high temperatures, or contain lots of chemical preservatives and unnatural ingredients. Be sure to check all foods labels carefully for any of the below ingredients.
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World Arthritis Day 202: Elimination Of Inflammatory Foods And Addition Of Healthy And Nutritious Food Items Can Improve Well
World Arthritis Day 2022: World Arthritis Day, an annual celebration dedicated to spread awareness around rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases is celebrated on October 12 every day. Arthritis, the inflammatory joint disorder impacts joints and other connective tissues, and cause unbearable pain. Though treatment isn’t available for the disease, early diagnosis can help manage symptoms. The theme for World Arthritis Day this year is – “it’s in your hands, take action and aims to encourage people with arthritis, their caregivers, families, and others to avail every opportunity to take action to improve their lifestyle. Nutrition and physical activity can be of great importance in a disease like arthritis. Elimination of inflammatory foods and addition of healthy and nutritious food items can improve well-being of people with arthritis.
“Several studies suggest that dietary interventions, such as eliminating certain foods and beverages may reduce symptom severity in people with inflammatory arthritis, as well as improve their overall quality of life,” says Dr. Siddhant Bhargava, Fitness and Nutritional Scientist, Co-Founder- Food Darzee.
Below are some foods and beverages to eat and avoid as per Dr Bhargava and Dr Pandhare if you have arthritis:
FOODS TO AVOID IN ARTHRITIS
Fried meat, prepared frozen food, baked products, pre-packaged meals, and snacks are all bad for those with arthritis, thus they should be avoided.
FOODS TO EAT IN ARTHRITIS
Arthritis: Food To Avoid And Beverages To Dismiss
Some of the worst foods for arthritis patients, that they should avoid in their diet include the following.
- SugarExcess sugar intake is bad for coping with any disease, including arthritis. Naturally occurring sugar in fruits and milk has no negative impact on health. But artificial, refined sugar added to candy, soda, ice cream, and other processed foods increases cytokines. These inflammatory proteins worsen rheumatoid arthritis. They contribute to swelling, pain, and stiffness in the joints.
- Saturated & Trans-Fat-Containing ProductsFatty acids present in olive oil, nuts, fish, avocados, etc., protect your health and maintain organ function. But trans-fat-containing products like fried snacks, fast foods, and processed edibles cause inflammation. Saturated fat is equally bad as it deposits in the cartilage, which promotes cartilage breakdown and joint damage.
- Red MeatRed meat contains high levels of saturated fat, which leads to inflammation and increases cholesterol in the body. In addition, when grilled, broiled, roasted, and fried, red meat produces advanced glycation end products that stimulate inflammation. Hence, red meat is one of the worst foods for arthritis.
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Gut Health And Dietary Fibre
Fibre has a role in improving gut health because of its anti-inflammatory properties in the intestine. Currently, most people in the UK do not meet fibre recommendations. Aim to increase dietary fibre by consuming a range of fruits, vegetables, beans, pulses, nuts, seeds and wholegrains. This will provide a good level and diversity of gut bacteria, as well as helping with weight loss.
Read our Fibre fact sheet for more info.
What Foods Are Bad For Arthritis Pain
Here are 8 foods and beverages to avoid if you have arthritis. Added sugars. You should limit your sugar intake no matter what, but especially if you have arthritis. Processed and red meats. Gluten-containing foods. Highly processed foods. Alcohol. Certain vegetable oils. Foods high in salt. Foods high in AGEs.
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Sugary Foods And Drinks
Sugary foods and drinks are an extremely bad choice for someone dealing with arthritis. The sugar from ice cream, soda or candy can aggravate the symptoms. Severalstudies have shown that people who consumed more added sugar experienced worse arthritis symptoms. Additionally, people who consumed added sugars were at a higher risk of getting arthritis in the first place.
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Pineapple: This Fruit’s Enzymes Can Decrease Swelling
Pineapple is rich in vitamin C and the enzyme bromelain, which has been linked to decreased pain and swelling in both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, Sandon says. So, add this tropical fruit to your diet every chance you get. Try it cubed in fruit salad, baked in savory dishes, blended into a smoothie, or added to stir-fries to give a sweet-and-sour zing.
Bromelain is also available in supplement form, but check with your doctor before taking it because it can increase the risk of bleeding, especially if you also take blood thinners such as Plavix , Coumadin, or aspirin. Bromelain may also interfere with the action of antibiotics and sedatives.
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