Summary Fibromyalgia Vs Psoriatic Arthritis
Fibromyalgia is defined as pain for more than three months both above and below the waist whereas psoriatic arthritis is the form of arthritis that occurs as a complication of psoriasis. Although psoriatic arthritis is characterized by ongoing inflammatory reactions taking place inside the joints, there are no such inflammatory processes in fibromyalgia. This is the major difference between fibromyalgia and psoriatic arthritis.
Research And New Developments
Versus Arthritis is funding a number of research studies into the causes, effects and treatment of fibromyalgia. Some examples include:
- A study at the University of Cambridge is looking at why things that wouldnt normally be painful, such as sound, light and gentle touch become painful for people with fibromyalgia, and whether brain signals that process pain differ in people with fibromyalgia.
- Research underway at the University of Sussex is examining how the bodies natural fight and flight response to stress might be altered in people who have fibromyalgia. This work is also looking at the role inflammation might have in this process.
- We are funding work at the University of Liverpool investigating how the brain processes pain signals. It has been found that in people with long-term pain such as fibromyalgia there are differences in the structure and activity in the parts of the brain that process pain signals. Using mathematical modelling, this work could help to match people up with the best treatment option for them.
- We are also investigating how to improve healthcare services for people with fibromyalgia. Research being carried out at the University of Aberdeen is looking at how long it took people with fibromyalgia to get diagnosed and where in the system improvements can be made.
What Causes Psoriatic Arthritis And Fibromyalgia
Its not entirely clear why some people develop psoriatic arthritis, but researchers believe that the cause may be a combination of genetic vulnerabilities and triggers such as infection, stress, and physical trauma.
Anyone can develop psoriatic arthritis, but it most often occurs in adults between age 30 and 50, says the National Psoriasis Foundation.
Researchers dont know the exact cause of fibromyalgia either, but as with psoriatic arthritis, genetics seems to play a role. Fibromyalgia tends to run in families, and there may be certain genetic mutations that may make someone more susceptible.
The CDC says that age is also a risk factor for fibromyalgia: While it can affect people of all ages, most people are diagnosed during middle age, and the risk increases as you get older. People whove had lupus or rheumatoid arthritis are more likely to develop fibromyalgia.
Other possible risk factors for fibromyalgia, according to the CDC, include the following:
- Stressful or traumatic incidents, such as a car accident, or post-traumatic stress disorder
- Injury from repetitive stress to a joint such as knee bending
- Illness such as a viral infection
- Family history
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Living With Both Conditions
There is a whole world to explore now. There are new medications to manage and symptoms to track. Most importantly, I hope to discover how the language of fibromyalgia fits into my psoriatic arthritis world. If you find yourself in the same boat as me, Id love to know any tips you have for making the best of this new world. Together I think we can find our way.
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis An Autoimmune Disease
The Arthritis Foundation notes that rheumatoid arthritis is caused by a dysfunction of the immune system.
A healthy immune system provides protection from infection. For those with rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system becomes overactive, attacking the synovial lining of the joints.
The immune system response causes pain, stiffness, inflammation and has the potential to cause joint deformity.
Rheumatoid arthritis is also a systemic condition. That means RA can also affect other organs, including the blood vessels, heart, lungs, and eyes.
If not successfully treated, rheumatoid arthritis can inflict permanent damage and disability.
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Most Important Differences Between Fibromyalgia And Rheumatoid Arthritis
Fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis are common joint and bone diseases that are sometimes misdiagnosed. In this article, 7 main differences of these diseases are stated that doctors can easily diagnose the disease because of these differences.
Do I have rheumatoid arthritis or Fibromyalgia? This is a question for many of you, as well as those who have muscular pains and other nervous system problems. This question is sometimes difficult to answer even for doctors because the two conditions have many similar symptoms that can lead to misdiagnosis. However, because of the distinctions in some Rheumatoid arthritis and Fibromyalgia symptoms, the two can be distinguished somewhat. What’s the difference between Fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis? That’s a question we’ll answer in the remainder of this article.
The Associated Symptoms Other Similar Pathologies Associated Pathologies
Yunus has put together a very long list of the symptoms associated with fibromyalgia pain . We can classify them in three groups: the very common, the common and the less common. At the top of the list of very common associations we find chronic fatigue. This symptom can even make us review the diagnosis if it is absent. It is increased when activities are stopped and decreased with exercise. It is correlated with depression, sleep disorders, the intensity of the pain and hyperalgesia. It is also very clearly inter-related with chronic fatigue syndrome, a sistercondition. Sleep disorders are also almost constant, with difficulty falling asleep, non-restorative sleep and light sleeping, and frequent waking. They are associated with emotional disorders, gastro-esophageal reflux, loss of urine and dyspnea, and may be related to sympathetic hyperactivity.
Among the common symptoms that are associated in about one case in two, paresthesia and dysesthesia are correlated with the pain, but not with psychological disorders. They can resemble a more neurological picture such as multiple sclerosis or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or a pseudo-entrapment syndrome. Feeling of bloating is common. Headaches resemble migraine, and neurological investigations remain negative. The dizziness is not rotary, with ear explorations also negative.
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Can Fibromyalgia Be Mistaken For Rheumatoid Arthritis
In a recent study from the University of Illinois’ College of Medicine, researchers have found that Fibromyalgia and Rheumatoid Arthritis are often misdiagnosed. Of the 495 patients involved in a study, over half had been misdiagnosed with Rheumatoid Arthritis. In contrast, only fifteen percent had been diagnosed with Fibromyalgia. This inaccuracy is probably because Fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis are so similar that the term “fibromyalgia” does not accurately describe its diagnosis or treatment. The classification of Fibromyalgia as a chronic disease is currently not recognized by the American College of Rheumatology. However, the condition is recognized by the World Health Organization and the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
What Are The Main Differences Between Fibromyalgia And Arthritis
- Fibromyalgia does not result in the destruction of joints
- Fibromyalgia is not associated with inflammation
- Fibromyalgia never requires surgery as a form of treatment
- Medications to treat fibromyalgia and arthritis are often different
- There are no blood tests for fibromyalgia
- X-rays and other imaging tests will be normal in fibromyalgia
- Overwhelming fatigue is common in fibromyalgia
- Pain in fibromyalgia is related to the muscles, whereas pain in arthritis is related to the joints
- Other organs, such as the heart, are not affected by inflammation in fibromyalgia
- Depression occurs more commonly in fibromyalgia
- There is no obvious joint swelling in fibromyalgia, although some people with fibromyalgia experience tissue swelling
- Paresthesias occur commonly in fibromyalgia
- Headaches are more common in fibromyalgia
- Fibromyalgia can be more difficult to diagnose than arthritis
- Hypothyroidism and hypoglycemia have been implicated in fibromyalgia, but not in arthritis
Although fibromyalgia and arthritis share some common symptoms, such as pain, they are more different than they are similar. The diagnosis of fibromyalgia is often made after arthritis has been ruled out as a potential cause for pain. While both conditions can be debilitating, arthritis leaves identifiable damage to joints in its wake, while fibromyalgia does not result in joint damage. Understanding the two conditions makes it easier to see the differences between the two conditions.
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What Are Rheumatoid Arthritis And Fibromyalgia
It is best to briefly look at these two diseases before discussing the difference between rheumatoid arthritis and Fibromyalgia.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which your immune system targets your healthy joints and organs. This causes inflammation, pain, and damage.
Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes extensive musculoskeletal pain and tiredness, sleep, cognitive, and mood problems. There is currently no known definitive cause, but certain external factors, including genetics and stress, may predispose a person to the condition.
There are some similarities between Rheumatoid Arthritis and Fibromyalgia. Both conditions cause painful joints and muscles, along with other body symptoms. Rheumatoid arthritis affects the larger joints of the hands, feet, and legs more than the smaller joints like the knees or hips. The swelling in the joints and muscles is what gives both conditions the name.
Fibromyalgia has many of the same symptoms as arthritis. Joint and muscle pain, low energy, fatigue symptoms, loss of sleep, and stiffness are common to both conditions. Both conditions cause inflammation, which can make it difficult for the body to move. People with Fibromyalgia sometimes report bad feelings when they are around people who seem happy and active. However, the two conditions are very different, and symptoms will probably vary in frequency and severity for each condition.
Symptoms And Diagnosis Of Arthritis And Fibromyalgia
Arthritis is characterized by painful joints, especially with movement. RA can cause deformities in the joints of your body, which can affect your mobility. The muscles around the joints can also weaken and sometimes there is a grating feeling with motion. To diagnose Arthritis, your health care provider will consider your symptoms, perform a physical exam to check for swollen joints or loss of motion and do blood tests and X-rays to confirm the diagnosis.
There are no diagnostic tests to determine if a person has Fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic pain that can be on both sides of the body, above and below the waist. There are 18 trigger points located all over the body that are commonly affected by Fibromyalgia. The trigger points are around the joints, not in the joints themselves. These trigger points are painful when touched. For a diagnosis of Fibromyalgia, at least eleven trigger points are confirmed to hurt when touched, along with chronic pain for at least 3 months. Fatigue, insomnia and depression are also common symptoms.
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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Fibromyalgia
The most common symptoms of fibromyalgia are
- Pain and stiffness all over the body
- Fatigue and tiredness
- Problems with thinking, memory, and concentration
- Headaches, including migraines
Other symptoms may include:
- Tingling or numbness in hands and feet
- Pain in the face or jaw, including disorders of the jaw known as temporomandibular joint syndrome
- Digestive problems, such as abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and even irritable bowel syndrome
How Can I Differentiate The Symptoms
Honestly, there were a few days when it felt like even the fabric of my clothes hurt. I suppose it was then that I began to learn that this pain was different. This pain, for me at least, feels different than the deep, hot pain of PsA. When I began to really look at the surrounding circumstances and nuances of the pain, it became a great deal easier to separate out what was PsA and what was fibro.
The upside of fibromyalgia compared to PsA is that unlike PsA, it doesnt cause permanent damage to the body. Yes, it is painful. Yes, it is even debilitating. But the general consensus is that fibromyalgia is not a progressive disease in the same way that psoriatic arthritis is. Rather it tends to be more cyclical with times of flares and times of calm. Looking back, equipped with the knowledge and experience I have now, I can see where different aches and pains deviate between PsA pain and fibro pain.
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How Does Fibromyalgia Affect Pregnancy
Many women with fibromyalgia have no problems getting pregnant, and some women report that their symptoms get better during pregnancy.
But, for some women, fibromyalgia can cause problems during pregnancy. Your symptoms may flare or get worse, especially in the first few months of pregnancy. Also, some normal pregnancy complaints, such as fatigue, stress, and mood swings caused by changing hormones, may be worse for women with fibromyalgia.
Talk to your doctor about any medicines you take to treat fibromyalgia, as they may cause other health problems for you or your unborn baby.
Do You Know The Difference Between Fibromyalgia And Arthritis
Fibromyalgia and arthritis are two very different diseases, but each can be easily confused with the other and both can be easily misdiagnosed.
Fibromyalgia, a disease that causes widespread, chronic pain throughout the body, is hard to diagnose, says Dr. Tina Bunch, a rheumatologist at Austin Regional Clinic, in Austin, Texas. Theres no blood test to determine if you have the disease, and x-rays only rule out what its not. Bunch points out its really a clinical diagnosispatients describe how they feel and doctors go off that.
A lot of physicians are wary about labeling patients as having fibromyalgia, she says. Instead, they send them to a rheumatologist like her.
Arthritis is a little easier to diagnose, but there are two types: rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease that affects about one percent of the population, and the more common osteoarthritis, which affects 30 to 40 percent of the population.
Fibromyalgia affects between five and seven percent of the population, according to Bunch.
Patients suffering from osteoarthritis are usually older and have a certain area of the body in which they feel pain, such as their knees or lower back.
In comparison, on top of the widespread pain, people suffering from fibromyalgia often have fragmented sleep patterns, symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, depression, anxiety, migraines and joint and muscle pain.
The more active they are, the more they hurt, says Bunch.
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The Link Between Rheumatoid Arthritis And Fibromyalgia
Its not exactly clear why, but research confirms that individuals with certain conditions, such as psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, are more likely to develop fibromyalgia than those who dont have inflammatory arthritis. This is especially true for women, who are more often diagnosed with fibromyalgia than men.
Furthermore, genetics may play a role in both conditions, since a family history of either increases your risk factors. Experts also believe that the chronic pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthritic conditions may cause your nerves to overact to certain stimuli, which is an underlying factor in fibromyalgia.
When you have rheumatoid arthritis along with undiagnosed fibromyalgia, even if your rheumatoid arthritis treatment is successful, you may mistakenly assume any continuing symptoms are still due to inflammatory arthritis rather than fibromyalgia. A treatment strategy that addresses both conditions can relieve your symptoms and restore your mobility.
For an accurate diagnosis and relief from chronic pain, book an appointment online or over the phone with Berkower Pain & Spine Rehabilitation today.
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Signs And Symptoms Of Fibromyalgia
According to the Mayo Clinic, fibromyalgia is now thought to be a neurological condition.
Researchers believe that fibromyalgia is caused by an increase of neurotransmitters in the brain that signal pain.
The brain then develops pain memory and becomes more sensitive to pain signals.
Fibromyalgia tends to co-exist with other chronic pain conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, temporomandibular joint disorder, and migraines.
Like rheumatoid arthritis, genetic and environmental factors can trigger the onset of fibromyalgia.
FibroCenter lists some of the many symptoms and overlapping conditions.
- Pain that may feel like a dull ache
- Pain in muscles and tendons around the joints
- Chronic Fatigue
- Fibro fog
- Numbness and tingling
- Dry eyes
- Migraines or headaches
- Interstitial cystitis
- Sensitivity to noise or light
The symptoms of fibromyalgia vary from person to person and can change from day today.
Since there is not a definitive test to confirm a diagnosis of fibromyalgia, It can take several years for a patient to get an accurate diagnosis of their condition.
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While Ms And Fibro May Have Some Symptoms In Common They Are Ultimately Distinct Conditions With Very Different Causes And Treatments
Fibromyalgia and multiple sclerosis are both chronic diseases with no cure. Fibromyalgia and multiple sclerosis can both cause some of the same symptoms. They can both take a long time to get the right diagnosis. Theyre both more common in women. But fibromyalgia often called fibro and multiple sclerosis are two very distinct health conditions with very different causes and treatments, despite having some features in common. Read on to find out the differences and similarities of fibromyalgia vs. MS.
Fibromyalgia and MS may have some more vague symptoms in common, such as problems with focus and concentration, fatigue, and depression. If youre Googling potential causes of these symptoms, you may find yourself researching both diseases to see if your symptoms match up. But despite some similarities, for the most part, there is no mistaking symptoms of MS with fibromyalgia, says Philip Cohen, MD, a rheumatologist, professor of medicine and professor of microbiology and immunology at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University in Philadelphia.
Read more to learn about the different symptoms of fibromyalgia vs. multiple sclerosis, how fibromyalgia and multiple sclerosis are each diagnosed, and how treatments for fibromyalgia and multiple sclerosis differ.
Fibromyalgia Is A Centralized Pain Condition
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes extreme fatigue and pain in the tendons, ligaments, and muscles throughout the body.
The pain can range from a dull, all-over ache to intensely sharp burning or stabbing pain.
Fibromyalgia can be a debilitating condition but does not cause inflammation or damage to the joints or organs.
Unlike rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia is classified as a chronic syndrome rather than a disease because it presents a group of symptoms that affect all systems of the body.
While fibromyalgia does not cause damage, the condition can be difficult to treat successfully.
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