Friday, April 19, 2024

What Is The Best Treatment For Inflammatory Arthritis

Working With A Rheumatologist

Inflammatory Arthritis: Types and Treatments

A rheumatologist is a doctor who specializes in inflammatory arthritis.

These medical professionals can help people find the best treatment for their condition. Rheumatologists can also provide support and guidance, advising a person on how to manage the impact their condition may have on their quality of life.

Below are answers to some common questions about inflammatory arthritis.

Medications For Rheumatoid Arthritis

In the present era, all patients with rheumatoid arthritis benefit from medications of some type, and often require a combination of medications. Analgesics such as acetaminophen are very commonly used by patients with RA. The vast majority of patients with RA end up requiring DMARDs and many benefit from having such agents started quite early in their course.

Spectrum of pharmacotherapy for rheumatoid arthritis:

  • Steroids: e.g., prednisone and methylprednisolone
  • Disease-modifying agents : hydroxychloroquine, sulfasalazine, methotrexate, leflunomide
  • Biologic agents
  • JAK inhibitors: e.g., tofacitinib

Ive Heard That Nsaids Can Cause Severe Side Effects Like Ulcers And Internal Bleeding Do I Need To Worry About This

While NSAIDs are known for causing gastrointestinal issues, milder side effects such as stomach irritation, heartburn, and diarrhea are more common. Severe side effects are relatively infrequent. They are more likely to occur in people with multiple risk factors such as increasing age and a previous history of peptic ulcer disease.

NSAIDs are generally well-tolerated, Dr. Bhatt says. But some people do develop ulcers and bleeding due to irritation of the stomach lining. Its a serious concern, which is why we try to keep patients on the lowest NSAID dose for the shortest possible duration.

Bleeding can be life threatening, so its vital to contact your doctor immediately if you experience symptoms such as vomiting blood, blood in your stools, or black and tarry stools. The most common sign of an ulcer is a dull or burning pain in your stomach. You may also experience bloating, burping, a sick feeling in your stomach, poor appetite, vomiting, and weight loss.

Because of NSAIDs effects on the stomach, your doctor may not recommend taking them if you already have gastrointestinal issues. If you develop milder GI side effects, your doctor may be able to manage them with medications such as proton pump inhibitors.

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Green Tea And Other Beverages

Many teas contain bioactive polyphenolic compounds that contribute significant antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties, which may benefit people with arthritis. A 2016 study of people with arthritis found that green tea supplementation improved disease activity. Another 2018 study found that green tea extract might control pain and improve knee joint physical function in adults with osteoarthritis.

Instead of sipping on soda, drink green or oolong teas, which are both made from the leaves of the plant Camellia sinensis. Also, be sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day. Additionally, if you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. If you do choose to have an alcoholic drink, opt for red wine, which may have anti-inflammatory effects.

Beverages to Include
Red wine

Side Effects Of Nsaids

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NSAIDs can be effective at managing arthritis pain, but they can also cause side effects. These side effects are more likely if you take a large amount of an NSAID and if you take it for a long time. Common side effects can include stomach pain and ulcers. Other side effects are less common but include:

  • increased risk of stroke or heart attack

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What Is The Difference Between Inflammatory Arthritis And Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that occurs when cartilage in the joints breaks down. This usually occurs due to wear and tear as a person ages. Inflammatory arthritis occurs when the bodys immune system attacks healthy joint tissue.

Both conditions may involve inflammation, but they are different types of arthritis.

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Types of Arthritis

There are more than 100 types of arthritic conditions. Symptoms include inflammation and swelling of the joints, which causes pain, discomfort, and movement issues. One of the biggest misconceptions about arthritis is that it only affects seniors, but two-thirds of arthritis patients are younger than 65 years of age. It can even affect children.

There are two types of arthritis:

Treating Inflammatory Arthritis

For inflammatory arthritis, treatment is focused on stopping the immune system from attacking the joints. Because each persons body responds to treatment differently, we use two classes of medications: Disease Modifying Anti Rheumatic Drugs and biologic agents. An example of DMARD is methotrexate.

  • Methotrexate was introduced as a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis about 30 years ago and replaced high-dose aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as the treatment of choice. Instead of masking pain, methotrexate gets to the root of the issue to control the source of inflammation. It treats severe psoriasis by slowing the growth of skin cells to stop scales from forming and treats rheumatoid arthritis by decreasing the activity of the immune system.

Treating Non-Inflammatory Arthritis

Over-the-Counter Options

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What Are The Symptoms Of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis affects everyone differently. In some people, joint symptoms develop over several years. In other people, rheumatoid arthritis symptoms progress rapidly. Many people have time with symptoms and then time with no symptoms .

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include:

  • Pain, swelling, stiffness and tenderness in more than one joint.
  • Stiffness, especially in the morning or after sitting for long periods.
  • Pain and stiffness in the same joints on both sides of your body.

What Do I Do If I Think I Have Rheumatoid Arthritis

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If youre experiencing joint pain and inflammation, its important that you discuss your symptoms with your doctor. Getting a diagnosis as soon as possible means that treatment can start quickly. Early treatment will help you to control the inflammation, manage pain more effectively and minimise the risk of long-term joint damage and disability.

If youre diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis or suspected of having the condition, you may be referred to a medical specialist known as a rheumatologist for further investigations and medical treatment.

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Whats The Age Of Onset For Rheumatoid Arthritis

RA usually starts to develop between the ages of 30 and 60. But anyone can develop rheumatoid arthritis. In children and young adults usually between the ages of 16 and 40 its called young-onset rheumatoid arthritis . In people who develop symptoms after they turn 60, its called later-onset rheumatoid arthritis .

Garlic Fights Arthritis Pain

Research shows that garlic may strengthen the immune system. In one study, researchers followed the diets of 1,082 twins. They found that the twins who ate more garlic had a lower risk of hip osteoarthritis. The researchers believe that this is because garlic has strong anti-inflammatory properties. And just to make you reach for more, remember that garlic and its components have been shown to have cancer-fighting properties. They also contain compounds that may lower the risk of heart disease and dementia.

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How Is Ra Treated

RA can be effectively treated and managed with medication and self-management strategies. Treatment for RA usually includes the use of medications that slow disease and prevent joint deformity, called disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs biological response modifiers are medications that are an effective second-line treatment. In addition to medications, people can manage their RA with self-management strategies proven to reduce pain and disability, allowing them to pursue the activities important to them. People with RA can relieve pain and improve joint function by learning to use five simple and effective arthritis management strategies.

Food As Treatment For Arthritis


Arthritis symptoms can include joint swelling, pain, stiffness, and decreased range of motion. Some forms of arthritis, like rheumatoid arthritis, are inflammatory diseasescaused by inflammation in the body that affects the joints and other systems. Others, like osteoarthritis, are the causes of inflammation, particularly in the joints.

Either way, managing and reducing inflammation is essential to reducing pain, stiffness, and swelling for both types of conditions. Inflammation associated with arthritis is often targeted by medications with the aim to help improve symptoms and decrease pain. Certain foods also have inflammatory properties, making them a powerful complementary treatment for arthritis.

Researchers have found that the Mediterranean diet may provide benefits in reducing pain and swollen and tender joints in rheumatoid arthritis patients. One study looked at adherence to the Mediterranean diet and pain associated with osteoarthritis. It concluded that, within the study group of 4330 subjects, a lower risk of osteoarthritis symptoms and pain was associated with those who followed a Mediterranean diet pattern.

Other studies have looked at a general anti-inflammatory diet and its impact on arthritis. One research trial saw a positive effect of an anti-inflammatory diet on disease activity in people with rheumatoid arthritis.

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Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors

Tumor necrosis factor alpha is a pro-inflammatory cytokine produced by macrophages and lymphocytes. It is found in large quantities in the rheumatoid joint and is produced locally in the joint by synovial macrophages and lymphocytes infiltrating the joint synovium. TNF is one of the critical cytokines that mediate joint damage and destruction due to its activities on many cells in the joint as well as effects on other organs and body systems. TNF antagonists were the first of the biological DMARDS to be approved for the treatment of RA. These drugs began to enter the market for rheumatoid arthritis in 1999 and are now considered a part the ACR recommendations for treatment of RA. There are currently five TNF inhibitors FDA approved for the treatment of RA etanercept , infliximab , adalimumab , certolizumab pegol , and golimumab . Etanercept is a soluble TNF receptor-Fc immunoglobulin fusion construct infliximab, adalimumab, and golimumab are monoclonal antibodies and certolizumab pegol is an anti-TNF antigen binding domain-polyethylene glycol construct. While differing in structure, the efficacy and safety of the drugs is similar across the class in reducing the signs and symptoms of RA, as well as in slowing or halting radiographic damage, when used either as monotherapy or in combination with methotrexate.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Of The Spine

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder, meaning that the immune system turns on itself. It attacks synovium the lining of the joints. Although rheumatoid arthritis is more common in other joints, it can also affect the spine, specifically the cervical region . Rheumatoid arthritis of the spine is not caused by wear and tear, so its considered an inflammatory arthritis. It may cause back pain even when these joints are not in use. It tends to affect women more than men.

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Inflammation At The Root Of It All

Low-grade inflammation is a natural immune system response to infections or invading pathogens in the body. The inflammatory response is designed to kill the toxin by quickly transporting white blood cells to the infected area.

Unfortunately, in some instances this response becomes chronic, and inflammation is widespread through the body. This can be dangerous, as it damages healthy cells and tissues.

Inflammation is a common underlying factor in many serious diseases like heart disease, asthma, cancer, and arthritis.

Thankfully, research has found that what you eat can impact the level of inflammation in your body. Certain spices, in particular, can ease inflammation and therefore bring relief to painful arthritic joints.

It is the antioxidant content as well as the presence of various compounds that provide this service by disrupting the inflammatory-signaling pathways. In doing so, the production of pro-inflammatory markers is reduced, and the inflammatory response is extinguished.

The best part about using spices to help with arthritis pain is that they achieve the results without any adverse side effects. NSAIDs are commonly used to treat inflammation and pain in arthritis, but extensive use of these can cause health problems.

Overuse of medications can lead to stomach ulcers as well as headaches, but using natural spices adds flavor to a meal and can help relieve your pain without causing additional issues.

What Are The Goals Of Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis

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The most important goal of treating rheumatoid arthritis is to reduce joint pain and swelling. Doing so should help maintain or improve joint function. The long-term goal of treatment is to slow or stop joint damage. Controlling joint inflammation reduces your pain and improves your quality of life.

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Spinal Arthritis May Contribute To Other Issues In The Spine

Spinal arthritis may cause bone spurs overgrowths on the edges of the bones. In the spine, bone spurs particularly affect facet joints, making them grow larger. This condition is called facet joint hypertrophy. Although bone spurs on their own are not harmful, they may narrow the passages for the spinal cord and the nerves exiting the spine. This may lead to two painful conditions:

  • Spinal stenosis compression of the spinal cord inside the spinal canal

  • Radiculopathy pinching of the peripheral nerves as they exit the spine

Ankylosing spondylitis may also cause additional problems such as:

  • Stress fractures in places where new bone has formed

  • Collapsed vertebrae

  • A spinal deformity called kyphosis

How Is Rheumatoid Arthritis Treated

Joint damage generally occurs within the first two years of diagnosis, so its important to see your provider if you notice symptoms. Treating rheumatoid arthritis in this window of opportunity can help prevent long-term consequences.

Treatments for rheumatoid arthritis include lifestyle changes, therapies, medicine and surgery. Your provider considers your age, health, medical history and how bad your symptoms are when deciding on a treatment.

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Does Caffeine Cause Inflammation

Whats more, a review of 15 studies on the effects of coffee, caffeine, and other coffee-related components on inflammatory markers found that low, medium, and high coffee intake has predominantly anti-inflammatory effects . Nevertheless, some evidence suggests that coffee may increase inflammation in some people.

Constitutional Homeopathy Treatment For Inflammatory Arthritis:


Our expert Homeopathy doctors at Homeocare International treat all Inflammatory Arthritis problems using Constitutional Homeopathy Treatment and prescribe the most suitable personalized Constitutional Homeopathy Treatment after careful analysis of the symptoms, severity, and health condition of each individual to eradicate the root cause of the problems and cure the inflammation in joints and eradicates the progression of the disease by improving overall immunity of the patient.

For more information on constitutional homeopathy treatment for Inflammatory Arthritis at Homeocare International, please call our toll-free number 1800-102-2202 or 9535000022 and book your appointment!

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Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis With Physical Therapy

Physical or occupational therapy helps many RA patients improve joint flexibility. During these sessions, youll learn exercises to help keep your joints flexible, and can discover ways to perform daily tasks to ease joint pressure. At Pomona Valley Health Centers, physical therapy is part of our complete offering of sports medicine in Pomona Valley.

What Is Ibuprofen And How Is It Used

Ibuprofen is one of a group of drugs called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs . Its widely used for its pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effects.

Its available over the counter as tablets or capsules in doses of 200400 mg and can be taken up to three times a day after food. Some tablets are designed to release the drug slowly over a period of time, and some people find these helpful for night-time pain relief.

Higher doses of ibuprofen are available on prescription and can be used if you have rheumatoid arthritis or another type of inflammatory arthritis.

Ibuprofen is also available in lipid-based soft capsules. These can be bought from pharmacies and are as effective as prescribed ibuprofen in relieving flaring joint pain.

If ibuprofen doesnt give enough relief from pain, or if you need pain relief over a long period of time, then you should speak to your doctor, who may be able to prescribe a stronger type of NSAID or a combination of drugs that will be more effective.

Ibuprofen can usually be used in combination with paracetamol or a compound analgesic.

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Joint Surgery For Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Last Resort

Joint surgery is only conducted after careful consideration, and can help reduce pain, improve joint function, and improve your quality of life.

A surgeon may operate to:

  • Clean out inflammation-causing bone and cartilage fragments from the joint, fix tears in soft tissues around joints, or repair damaged cartilage and ligaments
  • Remove some or all of the inflamed joint lining
  • Fuse a joint so that it no longer bends and is properly aligned and stabilized
  • Replace a joint , particularly of the ankles, shoulders, wrists, and elbows, with an artificial one made of plastic, ceramic, or metal
  • Remove only a certain section of a damaged and deformed knee joint

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Medications That Slow The Progression Of Rheumatoid Arthritis

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Medications that slow the progression of RA can help reduce your symptoms while preventing joint damage and disability. Options include:

  • Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs . DMARDs help prevent joint damage and are normally part of the initial treatment of RA. It can take a few months to feel the full effects of a DMARD, and you and your doctor might need to try a couple of options before you find the right one for you. Common DMARDs include methotrexate, leflunomide , hydroxychloroquine, and sulfasalazine .
  • Biologic treatments. Biologic treatments are given by injection and usually in combination with a DMARD when DMARDs have not been effective on their own. Biologic treatments are a newer form of treatment that can prevent your immune system from attacking your joints. Common biologic treatments include etanercept and infliximab .
  • JAK inhibitors are a new type of DMARD that can be helpful for people who cant take traditional DMARDs or who didnt see improvements from traditional DMARDs. Common JAK inhibitors include tofacitinib and baricitinib .

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