Thursday, December 1, 2022

What Is Arthritis In Your Knee

Fear Of Harming The Prosthesis

What is Causing Your Knee Pain? Osteoarthritis? How to Tell

3 Signs Your Knee Arthritis Is Bad Enough To Need A Knee Replacement

The limited research available on this topic suggests a real difference between perceived and actual ability to kneeland for those who dont think they can kneel, fear of harming the prosthesis is the motivating factor.

According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, kneeling is not harmful to your knee after a total knee replacement, although it may be uncomfortable.

Any difficulty in kneeling should become easier with time, but people generally always have the sensation that the knee is artificial and not normal.

Overall, its important to remember that the goal of a total knee replacement is an improvement in knee motion, but regaining full knee motion is unlikely.

Also, if you undergo a total knee replacement because of arthritis, its important to remember that surgery is not going to allow you to do things that you couldnt do prior to the surgery.

Also Check: Best Treatment For Rheumatoid Arthritis In Hands

What Is Knee Arthritis

Knee arthritis is inflammation and deterioration of knee joint cartilage. Cartilage is the slippery coating on the ends of bones that serves as a cushion and allows the knee to smoothly bend and straighten. Knee cartilage coats the end of the thighbone , top of the shinbone and the backside of the kneecap . When cartilage wears away, the space between the bones narrows. In advanced arthritis, bone rubs on bone and bone spurs may form.

Damage to the joint cartilage over time may result in the development or worsening of deformities of the knee, including knock knees and bowleg.

Injections Are Another Low

If other strategies dont provide enough relief, injection therapy is an option with low risk.

A corticosteroid injection involves delivering this anti-inflammatory drug directly to the knee. The benefits are typically short lived. But it varies from person to person. I tell my patients the pain relief can last anywhere from a week to a year, says Dr. Day. One cautionary note with corticosteroids is the potential to increase blood sugar, which is a concern for people with uncontrolled diabetes.

For a possibly longer lasting effect, an injection of hyaluronic acid can be tried. Hyaluronic acid is a substance that healthy joints have a lot of and arthritic knees dont, says Dr. Day. It takes longer to start working than a corticosteroid injection, but the effect often lasts six months to a year.

Currently, research is being done on the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma , which is not yet covered by insurance. PRP involves drawing some blood, spinning it in a centrifuge, and injecting part of it into the knee.

If youre not able to get your symptoms under control with a combination of these measures, she says, it could be time to talk to your doctor about surgery.

This article originally appeared in Cleveland Clinic Arthritis Advisor.

You May Like: How To Get Rid Of Arthritis In The Neck

Knee Arthritis Care At Uvm Medical Center

The University of Vermont Medical Center doctors use a collaborative approach to treating arthritis of the knee. Your team may include a number of different specialists working together to manage your care. We use the most sophisticated medical technology available for diagnosing and treating arthritis, including the latest advances in imaging scans and complex orthopedic surgery. Your treatment will depend on the cause and severity of your arthritis.

Who Gets Osteoarthritis Of The Knee

Knee Osteoarthritis and Robotic Knee Replacement

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. While it can occur even in young people, the chance of developing osteoarthritis rises after age 45. According to the Arthritis Foundation, more than 27 million people in the U.S. have osteoarthritis, with the knee being one of the most commonly affected areas. Women are more likely to have osteoarthritis than men.

Don’t Miss: Can You Get Rheumatoid Arthritis In Your Elbows

Treating Arthritis Of The Knee

There is no cure for arthritis, but there are things you can do to manage the symptoms.

Lifestyle modifications

Your doctor may suggest reducing activities that aggravate knee pain, such as high-impact exercises like jogging, tennis, or basketball. You can switch to activities such as cycling or swimming to reduce strain on your knees. Losing weight can also improve wear and tear on your knees.

Physical therapy

A physical therapist can help you strengthen the muscles in your leg so they can support your knee more thoroughly. Other exercises can increase range of motion and flexibility in the joint.

Assistive devices

Knee braces can give support to aching knees and reduce pain from daily activities. A support device such as a cane or walker can help you redistribute your weight to take pressure off your knee. Shoes with custom orthotics can improve knee pain and make you more comfortable.

Pain medication

There is a wide range of options for managing pain, including over-the-counter pain medicines and prescription medications. Your doctor can suggest which drugs are best for reducing pain and swelling. If you have rheumatoid arthritis, your doctor might prescribe medications such as methotrexate, sulfasalazine, and hydroxychloroquine to manage the overactive immune responses causing your knee pain. Steroid injections can relieve symptoms for longer periods of time, though they eventually wear off.

Surgery

Talk to your doctor about the best treatment for your arthritis.

Exercise And Other Knee Arthritis Remedies

For both OA and inflammatory knee arthritis patients, exercise is a key component of treatment, particularly if youre overweight or obese

Physical therapy may be a necessary first step for some to strengthen the muscles surrounding your knee joint and improve range of motion. Low-impact exercises walking, cycling, or swimming are usually best for those with arthritis of the knee, but you may be able to do higher-impact exercises if dont have much joint damage.

To help make activity more comfortable, your doctor may recommend using assistive devices such as a cane or a knee brace or sleeve. Wearing well-cushioned, shock-absorbing shoes or inserts is also key unsupportive styles such as flip-flops and flimsy flats only exacerbate knee joint pain. High heels, which throw off your alignment and place added stress on your knees, should also be avoided.

Its also a good idea to talk to your doctor about how to get more rest, since many people with arthritis experience sleep disturbances that studies suggest can lead to pain, depression, and greater disability. Simply practicing good sleep hygiene sticking to a regular bedtime, keeping your bedroom quiet and dark, exercising during the day, etc. can help in many cases.

Recommended Reading: What Pain Medication Is Good For Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis Of The Knee

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks healthy tissue in several joints of the body, including the knee. It causes inflammation of the synovial membrane, the capsule surrounding the knee joint. Inflammatory cells release substances that break down knee cartilage over time. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect people of any age.

Diagnosing Arthritis Of The Knee

5 Proven Exercises for Knee Osteoarthritis or Knee Pain- Do it Yourself

Your doctor will begin the diagnosis by asking you about your symptoms and your medical and family history. Make sure to describe your symptoms thoroughly. Tell your doctor what makes the pain better or worse. This helps us determine if the problem is arthritis or is something else may be causing the pain. We will also perform a thorough physical examination to determine how well your knee moves.

Other diagnostic procedures include:

  • Laboratory tests – We may order a blood test to determine if the arthritis is caused by an infection or rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Imaging tests – We use the most advanced imaging technology available. These procedures provide us with a detailed picture of the inside of your body. They help us determine if the problem is arthritis or if another condition is causing the pain. Imaging tests include:
  • X-ray shows us the condition of the bone. We can see if the space between your bones has narrowed and if there are calcium deposits in the joints.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging scan can provide detailed images of the muscles and tendons that we cannot see on a standard X-ray. Usually, however, we do not need to perform an MRI.

Also Check: What Can Arthritis Lead To

What About Glucosamine And Chondroitin

Glucosamine and chondroitin are components of healthy cartilage. Both are produced naturally in the body. They are also available in supplement form.

Researchers have long studied the effects of glucosamine and chondroitin supplements on arthritis. Many studies have found mixed resultssome have shown pain relief and function improvements compared to a placebo, while others showed no benefit from using these supplements.

Because of the lack of confirmatory evidence on the effectiveness of glucosamine and chondroitin supplements, the 2019 ACR/Arthritis guidelines recommend that people with knee OA not use these supplements.

There has been little or no research on the effects of glucosamine and chondroitin supplements in people with knee arthritis related to RA.

Most supplements are generally safe to use. Talk to your healthcare provider about whether it is safe for you to start a supplement with your current knee arthritis treatment plan.

While supplements have few severe side effects attached to them, it is still possible to experience these. Supplements can also interact with prescription drugs, can make other treatments less effective, and affect other health conditions you may have.

What Is The Treatment For Knee Arthritis

Nonsurgical methods to relieve pain and stiffness should are usually tried first. These may include physical therapy, and/or oral pain medications or injections of corticosteroid or other agents. Advanced knee osteoarthritis may require surgery such as a partial or total knee replacement or patellofemoral joint replacement. Inflammatory arthritis in the knee is usually managed medically rather than surgically.

In cases of â inflammation of the synovium â or effusion , a and/or to aspirate the joint may be appropriate.

Also Check: What Does Rheumatoid Arthritis Feel Like

Youre Ignoring Depression Which Can Worsen Pain

Depression, sleep problems, and osteoarthritis pain appear to be linked, according to a study published in March 2015 in the journal Arthritis Care & Research that assessed sleep, pain, and depression symptoms in 288 adults over the course of a year. The anxiety, stress, and worry that can go along with someone whos depressed may minimize their ability to cope with osteoarthritis, Johnson says. If you think you may be depressed, seek treatment immediately.

Dont Miss: Inversion Table Knees

What Are Treatments For Knee Arthritis

Arthritic Knee Pain

Though neither category of arthritis is curable, both kinds of knee arthritis can be managed well, particularly when caught early. Thats especially true for those with inflammatory arthritis.

We know a lot more about inflammatory arthritis than we do about OA, Dr. Domingues says. And we have drugs that target the root cause of inflammatory arthritis disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, or DMARDs which decrease inflammation, help preserve the joint, and ease pain. Biologics, a more targeted type of DMARD, may be recommended for those who dont get sufficient relief of knee pain and other symptoms from traditional DMARDs.

As for what to take for knee osteoarthritis, doctors often first recommend over-the-counter analgesics such as acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , which are also sometimes used to alleviate the pain of inflammatory arthritis.

If those dont help your knee OA, steroid injections may be a good next step for managing knee joint pain, or your doctor might suggest hyaluronan injections, which provide some of the cushioning lost by cartilage breakdown in your knee joint.

But because OA is a degenerative disease, which means it will likely get worse over time, these options mostly buy you time before you may ultimately need a knee replacement, which is the definitive treatment for moderate-to-severe knee OA, Dr. Domingues says.

You May Like: How Effective Is Otezla For Psoriatic Arthritis

The Role Physical Therapy Plays In The Process

Physical therapy is definitely beneficial. Improving range of motion and strength in the knee are helpful, but physical therapy for knee osteoarthritis has a large focus on strengthening the hips, explains Dr. Day.

Weak hips put more pressure on the knees. If your hips are strong, when you get up from a chair or go up and down stairs your knees have less work to do.

Everyone with knee osteoarthritis should consult a physical therapist, according to Dr. Day. Not only will you be taught the right kinds of exercises, a physical therapist also provides valuable instruction about using assistive devices and modifying activities to reduce pain.

Cracking Or Popping Sounds

When you bend or straighten your knee, you may feel a grinding sensation or hear cracking or popping sounds. Doctors call this crepitus.

These symptoms can occur when youve lost some of the cartilage that helps with smooth range of motion. Both OA and RA can result in cartilage damage.

When cartilage is damaged, rough surfaces and bone spurs develop. As you move your joints, these irregular areas rub against each other.

You May Like: Can Marijuana Help With Arthritis

How Does Knee Arthritis Start

Knee arthritis is characterized by pain that gets worse with activity, and abates when the knee is at rest. The inflammation caused by the arthritis can feel warm to the touch.

The knee may feel stiff, especially after being immobile for a period of time, such as first thing in the morning. The pain and stiffness of arthritis may be intermittent at first and develop progressively, becoming chronic pain.

What Are The Symptoms Of Arthritis

How to Relieve Knee Arthritis Pain in 30 SECONDS

Symptoms of arthritis include pain and stiffness in your joints, inflammation around the joints and limited joint movement. There are many different types of arthritis, each with different symptoms.

Its normal to experience aches and pains, especially if youve carried out strenuous activity. But if your symptoms are unexplained, dont go away within a few days or if they are impacting your day-to-day life, you should visit your doctor.

Also Check: Where Can Rheumatoid Arthritis Affect

How Can I Reduce My Risk For Post

Follow these general safety tips to reduce your risk of an injury:

  • Always wear your seatbelt.
  • Wear the right protective equipment for all activities and sports.
  • Make sure your home and workspace are free from clutter that could trip you or others.
  • Always use the proper tools or equipment at home to reach things. Never stand on chairs, tables or countertops.

Start With Gentle Stretches

When beginning any activity, start with five minutes or 10 minutes of stretching to help elongate the muscles and make them easier to move, Dr. Johnson said. And do it again at the end. Dont force any stretches keep your movements slow and easy. With strength training, begin with fewer reps or lower weight, and build up gradually.

Read Also: Does Drinking Water Help Arthritis

Coping With Low Mood And Sleep Problems

You might find that osteoarthritis of the knee makes you feel depressed or anxious. Speak to your doctor if youre feeling low as they may be able to recommend psychological therapies to help you, such as cognitive behavioural therapy and stress-relieving techniques.

If your sleep is disturbed because of osteoarthritis of the knee, this could make your pain feel worse. However, there are things you can do for yourself that might help, such as:

  • Keep a sleep diary to work out if there are any patterns to your sleep problems
  • Sleep at regular times to get your body into a routine
  • Avoid phones and other screens in the bedroom to help you wind down before bed.

If youre still having problems, speak to your doctor or an occupational therapist who can give you other tips and techniques to try, known as sleep hygiene.

The Arthritis Vicious Circle

Knee In Rheumatoid Arthritis Photograph by John Bavosi

A vicious cycle often develops with arthritis knee pain. Arthritis in the knee causes pain so you stop moving the knee as much. As a result the knee gets stiffer and you lose more movement.

Then when you try and move the knee, it hurts more, so you stop using it and the cycle continues. The same goes for the strength of the knee.

If activities start feeling painful, we tend to avoid them, but then the muscles get weaker. As a result they cant support the joint and more weight ends up going through the bones rather than the muscles and things get more painful. Yet another vicious cycle.

This is why exercises are one of the best arthritis treatment options. Muscles stay strong by being used.

People often find they go through good spells and bad spells with arthritis in the knee. Stress and tiredness often makes things worse and some people swear that bad weather causes arthritis in the knee to flare up.

Don’t Miss: Does Uric Acid Cause Arthritis

How Can I Find Relief From My Knee Pain In Atlanta Ga

If you are interested in getting to the root of your knee pain, finding relief, and enjoying your life to the fullest again, the first step is to be evaluated by a qualified, experienced, and skilled professional. Call Interventional Orthopedics of Atlanta to schedule your one-on-one consultation with Dr. Christopher Williams today, and discover how the solution for living a more comfortable life may be closer than your think!

Symptoms Of Arthritis In The Knee

The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and swelling. Early symptoms may be mild. Arthritis gets worse over time, though, and symptoms become more significant.

If you have arthritis, you might notice symptoms, including:

  • Stiffness and swelling of the knee making it difficult to bend and straighten the joint
  • Increased pain and swelling in the morning or after sitting or resting
  • Increased pain after activity
  • A sensation of “locking” or “sticking” when moving the knee
  • Weakness or buckling in the knee

Recommended Reading: Is Arthritis Considered Chronic Pain

What Are The Symptoms Of Knee Arthritis

Symptoms include knee joint aching, soreness and pain, and swelling and stiffness. Sometimes this leads to reduced activity and muscle weakness. Weakened muscles can lead to instability and decreased ability to control the knee, further limiting the ability to participate in enjoyable activities.

The knee joint may develop cysts, bone spurs, or loss of cartilage. The absence of cartilage will cause friction and narrowing of the joint space.

Popular Articles
Related news