Foods To Avoid To Prevent Psoriatic Arthritis Flare
Is your diet affecting your arthritis? Although there isnt a specific diet that can cure psoriatic arthritis, modifying what you eat can help reduce the frequency of flare-ups.
Psoriatic arthritis is a type of arthritis that affects some people living with psoriasis. It causes the major joints of your body to be inflamed and painful. If you have this condition, you may experience flare-ups. At times, your symptoms may get worse.
Adjusting your diet may help keep your symptoms under control and reduce the chances of developing other chronic conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and mental health conditions.
According to the National Psoriasis Foundation , theres no diet that can cure psoriatic disease. However, an analysis of 55 human studies found that dietary adjustments, along with medical treatments, can help reduce the severity of arthritic psoriasis symptoms.
Many people claim that avoiding certain foods helps reduce the frequency of flare-ups. Consider keeping a log of your eating habits and symptoms. This might help you identify foods that seem to trigger flare-ups.
If you plan on modifying your diet, its helpful to first consult your doctor and, if possible, a nutritionist. This is especially important if youre taking systemic medications to manage the inflammation and stiffness of your joints.
Foods Containing Refined Carbohydrates
Refined carbohydrates are highly processed . Theyve been stripped of fiber and whole grains and tend to contain a lot of sugar, which can cause your blood sugar to spike. Refined carbohydrates also increase advanced glycation end products, which are substances in your blood that can lead to inflammation.
Can What You Eat And Do Make Any Difference
The answer is more complex than a simple yes or no.
A healthy nutritious diet for people with psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis is essential. Whether gluten free or adding supplements, it is really important to manage your weight. Changing your lifestyle and weight loss could reduce inflammation, reduce joint pain, improve mobility and lower the risk of heart disease, diabetes, cancer and liver disease.
Across this site we have a number of articles and reports that explore both the common myths and published evidence to shine some light on the complex issues around diet and lifestyle.
The NHS eat well campaign says:
Eating a healthy, balanced diet is an important part of maintaining good health, and can help you feel your best.
This means eating a wide variety of foods in the right proportions, and consuming the right amount of food and drink to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight.
Eating well, is only part of the story, as other lifestyle choices, such as losing weight, exercising more, avoiding excessive alcohol and quitting smoking all have a role to play, the NHS live well website also provides useful advice and tips on these topics.
If you look after your general health, whether physically or mentally, you will be in a better position to deal with both psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Any changes you make, might not make any noticeable differences, but your overall health will benefit.
Read Also: How Much Aleve Can I Take For Arthritis
How Do Foods Cause Inflammation
Studies are ongoing about how certain foods trigger an inflammatory response. Research suggests that some foods, especially highly processed ones, put your bodys defense mechanisms into overdrive.
For example, fatty foods can increase inflammation in adipose tissue , which is throughout your body. Ongoing fat tissue inflammation greatly increases your risk of psoriasis. It also increases your risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and other chronic health conditions.
Psoriasis Diet: Foods To Eat And Avoid If You Have Psoriasis
A range of treatments are available for psoriasis, from skin ointments to drugs that alter your immune system. But can easing the symptoms of this common condition be as simple as changing the foods we eat?
For the more than 8 million people in the U.S. who live with psoriasis, diet may play a bigger role than we think in how our bodies handle inflammation. , a registered dietitian at Johns Hopkins Medicine, offers insight on which foods to eat and which to avoid if you have psoriasis.
Don’t Miss: Is Rheumatoid Arthritis Worse In The Morning
Foods To Avoid If You Have Psoriatic Arthritis
- Alcohol: It makes your liver work harder and disrupts the way your organs work together.
- Sugar: It sends out things called cytokines that create inflammation in your body.
- Processed foods: They contain trans fats that can start inflammation throughout your body.
- Diet soda: If itâs sweetened with aspartame, your body might think thatâs a foreign substance and start an immune response.
- Fried foods: They contain trans fats that can start inflammation throughout your body.
- Processed meats: They contain saturated fats, which can make inflammation worse.
- Red meat: It contains saturated fats, which can make inflammation worse.
- Dairy: These foods contain saturated fats, which can make inflammation worse.
Stay Away From Processed Foods
Canned frosting, store-bought baked treats, flavored coffee creamers, and other manufactured products are often full of sugar, salt, and preservatives. In fact, a January 2016 study published in BMJ Open found that 60% of calories in the average American’s diet can be traced to “ultra-processed” foods that contain additives such as hydrogenated oils and emulsifiers. These foods include chips, snack cakes, and frozen pizza.
Processed foods won’t do your skin, joints, or heart any favors, said , senior director of consumer health at the Arthritis Foundation. “If you minimize processed foods, that covers a lot of bases,” said Moss.
Instead, make it a goal to stick with fresh, whole foods. If you must grab something processed, check the ingredient list before you buy. If the list includes ingredients you recognize and if you could replicate the recipe in your own kitchen, it’s probably okay to eat.
Read Also: How To Relieve Arthritis Pain In Wrist
Study Design And Sampling
A sample of 85 patients was calculated based on an error of 5% and of 20% and was increased by 15% to minimize potential losses during follow-up. Thus, 97 patients aged 18 years or older with PsA, according to the Classification Criteria of Psoriatic Arthritis , were enrolled in this 12-week randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial .
Patients with PsA were recruited from Sao Paulos Hospital and other rheumatology facilities from September 2012 to May 2014.
Patients with gastrointestinal, endocrine, pulmonary, kidney, hepatic, and neuromuscular diseases with an HIV-positive diagnosis who were pregnant or breast-feeding, or who had a history of cancer were excluded. Patients taking anabolic steroids, protein supplements, vitamins, multivitamins, or antioxidants or who were allergic to fish and shellfish products were also excluded. Specific medications for PsA and physical activity were required to be stable for the 3 months prior to enrollment.
The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Research at the Federal University of Sao Paulo and was recorded on Clinicaltrials.gov . Subjects were included in the study after signing an informed consent form, in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.
Precautions For People With Psoriatic Arthritis:
While the Mediterranean diet is very healthy, there isnt a set amount of recommended fat or calories. The use of fat is not in a regulated amount, so its important to watch how much you eat, says Gibofsky. The Mediterranean diet is not just a diet but also a lifestyle. Other aspects of the Mediterranean diet involves sharing meals with friends and family and being more physically active, which is a way of eating that is less likely to contribute to obesity.
Read Also: What To Take To Prevent Arthritis
High Fiber Whole Grains
Many health conditions are a threat to psoriasis, one of them is obesity. Obesity initiates insulin resistance that creates complications for people with psoriatic arthritis as well.
Insulin resistance and chronic blood sugar problems are linked with an unhealthy diet. Studies proved that chronic inflammation, insulin resistance, and obesity are connected.
To keep psoriatic arthritis manageable, it is crucial to keep your blood sugar and weight under control. Foods that do not easily digest help in reducing sugar spikes and maintain blood sugar at its healthy levels. These foods consist of unprocessed whole grains and are rich in fiber and nutrients that help your body to digest them slowly.
Foods that are good sources of whole grains are:
How Can You Measure Inflammation In The Body
While certain foods are known to cause inflammation, not everyone reacts the same way to these foods. Ive had some patients who felt that wheat was making their psoriasis worse. Another patient noticed more flare-ups when she ate nuts, says Wesdock.
Some tests can measure inflammation with biomarkers, which are substances in your blood that spike when your body reacts a certain way to foods such as fats or sugar. For example, a simple test can check for increased levels of C-reactive protein in your blood. The liver makes extra CRP if theres inflammation in your body. Doctors might use this test to determine how likely you are to develop a chronic condition like heart disease.
As you adjust your diet to ease psoriasis symptoms, be sure to work with your psoriasis doctor to monitor symptoms and inflammation levels.
Read Also: Does Arthritis Show Up In Blood Work
What Is An Anti
Because PsA is an inflammatory condition, adopting an anti-inflammatory diet may help to control symptoms. An anti-inflammatory diet consists of:
- fruits and vegetables
- Whole grain bread, pasta and cereals
- lean proteins, like fish, nuts and seed
- healthy fats, like avocado and olive oil
What Is Psoriatic Arthritis Video
Psoriatic arthritis can cause pain, swelling and stiffness inand around your joints.
It usually affects 3 in 10 people who already have the skin condition psoriasis .
Psoriasis causes patches of red, flaky skin which is covered with silvery-like patches.
Some people may develop psoriatic arthritis before the psoriasis is even present. In rare cases people have psoriatic arthritis and never have any noticeable patches of psoriasis.
Psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis are both autoimmune conditions, caused by a fault in the immune system.
Our immune system protects us from illness and infection. But in autoimmune conditions, the immune system becomes confused and attacks healthy parts of the body, often causing inflammation.
Psoriatic arthritis is a type of spondylarthritis. This is a group of conditions with some similar symptoms.
You May Like: Can You Get Arthritis In One Finger
Do Certain Foods Cause Psoriatic Arthritis
There is little proof that specific foods have an effect on PsA. PsA symptoms usually vary day to day. This makes it hard to know if a change in symptoms is because of a particular change in food or just coincidence. Studies suggest that an anti-inflammatory diet may help manage PsA symptoms, but scientific research is still developing.
What You Need To Know
As mentioned, inflammatory immune-mediated diseases, like psoriasis, increase your risk for other health complications. Being overweight further compounds your risk for diabetes and heart disease.
To minimize your risk of these related diseases, itâs important to maintain a healthy weight.
To help identify what is a healthy weight for you, calculate your body mass index . You can use this calculator from the Centers for Disease Control.
To lose weight, you need to burn more calories than you consume. People who lose weight slowly, about 1 to 2 pounds per week, are more successful at keeping the weight off. You also will burn additional calories if you increase your physical activity.
Your weight loss plan should:
- Emphasize fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
- Include lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts.
- Contain foods low in saturated fats, avoid trans fats, limit cholesterol and salt
- Avoid refined sugars and processed foods.
Don’t Miss: What Is Bad For Rheumatoid Arthritis
I Heard I Should Avoid
Some people with PsA report improvements after avoiding certain foods. However, this may be due to individual food intolerances. These types of foods include:
Nightshade foods:This food group includes tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant and capsicum. Nightshades contain solanine, which is thought to cause inflammation and trigger psoriasis flares. There is no proof that these foods make PsA symptoms worse. In fact, nightshades contain nutrients vitamin C and vitamin A and can help reduce the risk of heart disease.
Acid-producing foods:Arthritis is not caused by eating acidic foods like oranges, lemons or tomatoes. Very few foods are as acidic as our digestive juices. acidic foods are usually very rich in vitamin C, which is beneficial to the immune system. So, avoiding these may do more harm than good.
Dairy products:Dairy products, like milk, cheese and yoghurt, contain an acid which can cause inflammation. However, there is no proof that dairy products cause arthritis. Dairy products are a rich source of calcium and protein, important building blocks for strong bones and muscles. People with PsA are at higher risk of osteoporosis so dairy products may be extra important to maintain bone health. Remember, full-fat dairy and sugar-sweetened dairy products can contribute to weight gain, which can cause inflammation. Sticking to low-fat dairy or alternative diary choices, like almond or soy milk may help control weight and help reduce inflammation.
Pros And Cons Of A Gluten
With a dramatic increase in the diagnosis of celiac disease and gluten intolerance in recent years, mainstream grocery stores, restaurant chains and bakeries are introducing more and more gluten-free products.
Following a gluten-free diet requires you to become educated on all the hidden sources of gluten, as well as educating loved ones. To avoid all gluten, you must read labels carefully . You need to avoid not only wheat but its derivatives: durum, graham, kamut, semolina and spelt. The same goes with barley derivatives: malt flavoring and malt vinegar, as well as rye, MSG and soy sauce. Remember, just because a food is labeled wheat-free doesnât mean itâs gluten-free.
Some manufacturers add sugar, saturated fats and preservatives to their gluten-free offerings to make them taste better, but they also add calories. Just because a diet is gluten-free it does not mean itâs calorie-free. You still need to apply the principles of a balanced diet.
On the other hand, says Jerry Bagel, M.D., director of the Psoriasis Treatment Center of Central New Jersey in East Windsor and a member of the National Psoriasis Foundation medical board, if someoneâs skin improves as a result of a gluten-free diet, itâs likely the patientâs digestive system is improving as well, and absorbing more nutrients.
Also Check: What Food Causes Rheumatoid Arthritis
What Is The Relationship Between Psoriasis And Your Diet
Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune skin disorder. The body mistakenly attacks its own tissue, explains Wesdock. It starts overproducing skin cells, which lays down plaques on your skin. Plaques are red, scaly patches that can be itchy or painful. Sometimes psoriasis is accompanied by psoriatic arthritis, an inflammatory joint condition.
Neither of these conditions is caused by anything you eat, but theres an important link between your diet and psoriasis. Many foods are known to cause inflammation throughout the body. In some people, this widespread irritation can make the symptoms of psoriasis worse.
How Will Psoriatic Arthritis Affect Me
The effects of psoriatic arthritis can vary a great deal between different people. This makes it difficult to offer advice on what you should expect.
Psoriatic arthritis can cause long-term damage to joints, bones and other tissue in the body, especially if it isnt treated.
Starting the right treatment as soon as possible will give you the best chance of keeping your arthritis under control and minimise damage to your body allowing you to lead a full and active life with psoriatic arthritis.
You dont need to face arthritis alone. If you need support or advice, call our Helpline today on . Our advisors can give you expert information and advice about arthritis and can offer support whenever you need it most.
Also Check: How To Improve Knee Arthritis
Treatments For Your Skin
If your psoriasis is affecting your quality of life, or your treatment is not working, you may be referred to a dermatologist.
There are a number of treatment options for psoriasis.
Ointments, creams, and gels that can be applied to the skin include:
- ointments made from a medicine called dithranol
- steroid-based creams and lotions
- vitamin D-like ointments such ascalcipotriol and tacalcitol
- vitamin A-like gels such astazarotene
- tar-based ointments.
For more information about the benefits and disadvantages of any of these talk to your GP, dermatologist, or pharmacist.
If the creams and ointments dont help, your doctor may suggest light therapy, also known as phototherapy. This involves being exposed to short spells of strong ultraviolet light in hospital.
Once this treatment has started, youll need to have it regularly and stick to the appointments youve been given, for it to be successful. This treatment is not suitable for people at high risk of skin cancer or for children. For some people, this treatment can make their psoriasis worse.
Retinoid tablets, such as acitretin, are made from substances related to vitamin A. These can be useful if your psoriasis isnt responding to other treatments. However, they can cause dry skin and you may not be able to take them if you have diabetes.
Some DMARDs used for psoriatic arthritis will also help with psoriasis.