Who Is At Risk For Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriasis affects 2-3 percent of the population or approximately 7 million people in the U.S. and up to 30% of these people can develop psoriatic arthritis. Psoriatic arthritis occurs most commonly in adults between the ages of 35 and 55 however, it can develop at any age. Psoriatic arthritis affects men and women equally.
It is possible to develop psoriatic arthritis with only a family history of psoriasis and while less common, psoriatic arthritis can occur before psoriasis appears. Children of parents with psoriasis are three times more likely to have psoriasis and are at greater risk for developing psoriatic arthritis. The most typical age of juvenile onset is 9-11 years of age.
Psoriatic Arthritis Rash Treatments
Since a rash is a possible symptom of psoriatic arthritis, treatment typically centers on managing the rash and the underlying condition. Fortunately, psoriatic arthritis rash treatments can help you manage uncomfortable symptoms while also preserving your joint health. Your treatment plan will likely progress in stepwise fashion with a focus on managing skin symptoms, protecting your joints, and slowing or stopping the progression of the disease.
Based on your clinical response to treatment, your doctor may recommend a combination of over-the-counter and prescription medications, including:
- Biologics which block certain chemicals and proteins responsible for inflammation
- Corticosteroids to help ease inflammation throughout your body
- Immunosuppressive medications that stop your immune system from attacking healthy cells
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to help you manage pain and swelling caused by the rash
Additionally, ultraviolet light therapy may help keep any PsA rashes in check. This treatment involves exposing areas of skin with a rash to UV radiation for small periods of time, several times each week.
Taking proper care of your skin is also beneficial for managing a rash. Be sure to protect your skin by keeping it moisturized, avoiding scratchy or rough fabrics, and wearing loose-fitting clothing.
- Heat and cold therapy
What Is Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis is a type of arthritis linked with psoriasis, a chronic skin andnail disease. Psoriasis causes red, scaly rashes and thick, pitted fingernails.Psoriatic arthritis is similar to rheumatoid arthritis in symptoms and jointswelling . But it tends to affect fewer joints than RA. And it does notmake the typical RA antibodies. The arthritis of psoriatic arthritis comes in 5forms:
- Arthritis that affects the small joints in the fingers, toes, or both
- Asymmetrical arthritis of the joints in the hands and feet
- Symmetrical polyarthritis, which is similar to RA
- Arthritis mutilans, a rare type of arthritis that destroys and deforms joints
- Psoriatic spondylitis, arthritis of the lower back and the spine
Psoriasis and Psoriasis Arthritis FAQ
Don’t Miss: Is Weed Good For Psoriatic Arthritis
Can Psa Occur Without Psoriasis
For many people with PsA, they will have had psoriasis for many years before developing PsA. However, there are cases where people develop PsA first. Research reported in the medical journal Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases finds as many as 29 percent of people with psoriasis may have undiagnosed PsA.
Why Choose Cooper To Diagnose And Treat Psoriatic Arthritis
Cooper University Health Cares Division of Rheumatology has a team of expert, board-certified and fellowship-trained rheumatologists with extensive experience in diagnosing and treating psoriatic arthritis. Our capabilities include:
- Thorough diagnostic testing: Diagnosing psoriatic arthritis begins with a comprehensive medical history, physical exam and laboratory tests. These tests may include:
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate : A blood test that can reveal inflammatory activity in the body
- Uric acid: High uric acid levels in the blood are linked with psoriatic arthritis
- Diagnostic imaging, including X-rays, musculoskeletal ultrasound or MRI, to look for bone damage and inflammation
Also Check: How Do You Get Arthritis In Hands
What Are The Symptoms Of Psoriatic Arthritis In A Child
The skin condition psoriasis may start before or after the arthritis. Psoriasis causes a scaly, red, itchy rash on the knees, elbows, scalp, face, and the folds of the buttocks. It can also cause pitting of fingernails or toenails.
Each childs symptoms may vary. Symptoms of psoriatic arthritis may include:
Inflamed, swollen, and painful joints, usually in the fingers and toes
Morning stiffness in the joints
Reddened skin over the affected joints
Sausage-like swelling of fingers and toes, plus swollen wrists
Deformed joints from chronic inflammation
Symptoms in the spine or sacroiliac joint
Lack of energy
The symptoms of psoriatic arthritis can seem like other health conditions. Make sure to see your childs healthcare provider for a diagnosis
Medical Treatment Topical Agents
The first line of treatment for psoriasis includes topical medications applied to your skin. The main topical treatments are corticosteroids , vitamin D-3 derivatives, coal tar, anthralin, and retinoids. These drugs may lose potency over time, so often they are rotated or combined. Ask your doctor before combining medications, as some drugs should not be combined.
Read Also: How Can You Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis
Is Egg Good For Psoriasis Topic Guide
- While there is no cure for psoriatic arthritis, drugs are used to treat the symptoms of pain and inflammation. Medications used to treat psoriatic arthritis may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , corticosteroid injections, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs , topical treatments, and immunosuppressants.
Who Gets Psoriatic Arthritis
PsA affects approximately 3 million adults in the US.
1.25 million people with PsA were undiagnosed in 2013.
A correct diagnosis can take many years and many different doctors.
Learn more about how STELARA® can help you with your psoriatic arthritis symptoms.
STELARA® is a prescription medicine used to treat adults 18 years and older with moderately to severely active Crohns disease.
STELARA® is a prescription medicine used to treat adults 18 years and older with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis.
STELARA® is a prescription medicine used to treat adults and children 6 years and older with moderate to severe psoriasis who may benefit from taking injections or pills or phototherapy .
STELARA® is a prescription medicine used to treat adults 18 years and older with active psoriatic arthritis. STELARA® can be used alone or with the medicine methotrexate.
STELARA® is a prescription medicine that affects your immune system. STELARA® can increase your chance of having serious side effects including:
STELARA® may lower your ability to fight infections and may increase your risk of infections. While taking STELARA®, some people have serious infections, which may require hospitalization, including tuberculosis , and infections caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses.
You should not start taking STELARA® if you have any kind of infection unless your doctor says it is okay.
Before starting STELARA®, tell your doctor if you:
Recommended Reading: What Ingredients Are In Tylenol Arthritis
Getting A Diagnosis Of Psoriatic Arthritis
The presence of psoriasis may provide an indication of psoriatic arthritis when someone develops joint symptoms. Psoriatic arthritis can develop in people with a lot or a little of psoriasis, and may be more common in people with nail psoriasis. As well as joint symptoms, psoriatic arthritis can lead to feeling tired. Many people become frustrated by a lack of diagnosis psoriatic arthritis tends to have periods of improvement and worsening, which may also be attributed to mechanical joint problems and not inflammatory arthritis.
If you have the symptoms of inflammatory arthritis, such as psoriatic arthritis, your doctor will often refer you to a rheumatologist. In some cases, further tests and imagery may be sought, although this will depend on the individual circumstances and level of confidence in the initial diagnosis.
How Can I Help My Child Live With Psoriatic Arthritis
Help your child manage his or her symptoms by sticking to the treatment plan. This includes getting enough sleep. Encourage exercise and physical therapy and find ways to make it fun. Work with your child’s school to make sure your child has help as needed. Work with other caregivers to help your child take part as much possible in school, social, and physical activities. Your child may also qualify for special help under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. You can also help your child find a support group to be around with other children with pediatric arthritis.
Recommended Reading: What Causes Inflammatory Arthritis Flare Ups
Seborrheic Dermatitis: Itchy Scaly Patches
A psoriasis skin rash tends to itch, burn, and feel sore. Patches of psoriasis commonly occur on your knees and elbows. Many people also have scalp psoriasis. The common skin rash seborrheic dermatitis also causes scaly, itchy skin patches. It can occur on your scalp, where it may be called dandruff, or on your face and chest. While doctors donât know the exact cause of seborrhea, it occurs across the age spectrum, in babies as well as in adults, and is usually treated with creams and lotions.
Can Psoriatic Arthritis Affect Other Parts Of The Body
Having psoriatic arthritis can put you at risk of developing other conditions and complications around the body.
The chances of getting one of these are rare. But its worth knowing about them and talking to your doctor if you have any concerns.
Seek urgent medical attention if one or both of your eyes are red and painful, particularly if you have a change in your vision. You could go to your GP, an eye hospital, or your local A& E department.
These symptoms could be caused by a condition called uveitis, which is also known as iritis. It involves inflammation at the front of the eye.
This can permanently damage your eyesight if left untreated.
Other symptoms are:
- blurred or cloudy vision
- sensitivity to light
- not being able to see things at the side of your field of vision known as a loss of peripheral vision
- small shapes moving across your field of vision.
These symptoms can come on suddenly, or gradually over a few days. It can affect one or both eyes. It can be treated effectively with steroids.
Psoriatic arthritis can put you at a slightly higher risk of having a heart condition. You can reduce your risk by:
- not smoking
- staying at a healthy weight
- exercising regularly
- eating a healthy diet, thats low in fat, sugar and salt
- not drinking too much alcohol.
These positive lifestyle choices can help to improve your arthritis and skin symptoms.
Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns about your heart health.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
You May Like: Is Egg Bad For Arthritis
What Causes Psoriasis
Scientists aren’t sure exactly what causes psoriasis, but it’s linked to a problem with your immune system, your body’s defense against germs.
If you have psoriasis, your immune system mistakenly attacks healthy skin cells, as if it were fighting an infection. Your body responds by making new skin cells every few days instead of the usual 4 weeks. Those new skin cells build up on your body’s surface and form a rash.
Does Jia Go Away
JIA is a chronic condition, meaning it can last for months and years. Sometimes the symptoms just go away with treatment, which is known as remission. Remission may last for months, years, or a persons lifetime. In fact, many teens with JIA eventually enter full remission with little or no permanent joint damage.
Recommended Reading: Are Muscle Relaxers Good For Arthritis
Articles On Types Of Psoriasis
Knowing which kind of psoriasis you have helps you and your doctor make a treatment plan. Most people have only one type at a time. Sometimes, after your symptoms go away, a new form of psoriasis will crop up in response to a trigger.
In general, most types of psoriasis result from the same triggers:
Here’s how you can spot the 7 types of psoriasis and what you can do to treat them.
Causes Of Psoriatic Arthritis
Almost 1 in 3 people with psoriasis also have psoriatic arthritis.
It tends to develop 5 to 10 years after psoriasis is diagnosed, although some people may have problems with their joints before they notice any skin-related symptoms.
Like psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis is thought to happen as a result of the immune system mistakenly attacking healthy tissue.
But itâs not clear why some people with psoriasis develop psoriatic arthritis and others do not.
Also Check: Does Smoking Make Arthritis Worse
What Are The Symptoms Of Psoriasis
There are different types of psoriasis. The most common is chronic plaque psoriasis. This causes patches of red, raised skin, with white and silvery flakes.
It can occur anywhere on the skin, but most commonly at the elbows, knees, back, buttocks and scalp.
Psoriasis can cause small round dents in finger and toe nails, this is known as pitting. Nails can also change colour, become thicker and the nail may lift away from your finger.
Is There A Way To Prevent Skin Problems With Rheumatoid Arthritis
There is no way to prevent rheumatoid arthritis skin issues. Doctors will try different therapies to manage all RA symptoms. The good news is that serious skin complications are rare these days and they are becoming less common due to new medications for treating RA.
Most skin problems related to arthritis are treatable, but some can be life-threatening, such as blood vessel inflammation as with rheumatoid nodules and rheumatoid vasculitis. These are also indicators of worsening disease activity and should be discussed with your doctor.
Recommended Reading: How Do You Permanently Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis
These Psoriatic Arthritis Pictures Show What The Autoimmune Disease Is Really Like
The autoimmune disease can cause stiff, swollen, painful joints, as well as changes to the fingernails.
Psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune disease that can lead to swelling, pain, and stiffness in the joints. This painful condition can affect any joint in the body, but most often it impacts the fingers and toes, as well as the ankles, knees, wrists, and lower back or spine. Because many symptoms of psoriatic arthritis aren’t so easy to spot , it is often referred to as an “invisible” disease. However, other psoriatic arthritis symptoms are more identifiable.
The symptoms of psoriatic arthritis can differ greatly from person to person. The number of joints affected by the disease can vary, and at times a patient may only exhibit symptoms on one or two of their joints, while at other times the disease can impact several joints at once. Oftenalthough not alwayspsoriatic arthritis is asymmetrical, meaning a joint on one side of the body is affected , while the mirror-image joint feels normal.
How Is Child Arthritis Diagnosed
Childhood arthritis is diagnosed through a physical examination and review of symptoms, X-rays, and lab tests. A doctor should make this diagnosis, particularly a rheumatologist who specializes in arthritis and other related conditions in children. These doctors are called pediatric rheumatologists.
Read Also: What Foods Help Reduce Arthritis Pain
How Is Psoriatic Arthritis Diagnosed
Psoriatic arthritis is easier to confirm if you already have psoriasis. If you donthave the skin symptoms, diagnosis is more difficult. The process starts with a healthhistory and a physical exam. Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms. Youmay have blood tests to check the following:
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate . This test looks at how quickly red blood cells fall to the bottom of a test tube. When swelling and inflammation are present, the bloods proteins clump together and become heavier than normal. They fall and settle faster at the bottom of the test tube. The faster the blood cells fall, the more severe the inflammation.
- Uric acid. High blood uric acid levels can be seen in psoriatic arthritis but are not used for diagnosis or monitoring.
- Imaging. X-rays, CT scans, ultrasound, MRI, and skin biopsies may all be used to help diagnosis.
Identifying Psoriatic Arthritis Rash
PsA rashes usually appear similar to a typical plaque psoriasis rashthe skin is often red and raised with silvery scales. These areas of skin may also be itchy and painful. While they may appear anywhere on the body, PsA rashes usually only develop in certain locations, such as the scalp, elbows, lower back, and knees.
In some cases, psoriatic arthritis rashes may also appear between the buttocks and around the belly button. Also, some people with psoriatic arthritis rash experience changes in their nails. Fingernails may become pitted or ridged, or they may crumble over time. These symptoms are usually accompanied by swelling of the finger joints, which, left untreated, may eventually cause deformities and make daily life difficult.
Also Check: How Do You Treat Septic Arthritis
Oral Or Injected Drugs
There are a variety of drugs that target skin cell production or your immune system. These include:
These medications mimic cortisol, a naturally occurring anti-inflammatory hormone produced by your body. These are normally taken by mouth and can help reduce inflammation. Injected forms can provide temporary inflammation relief.
Long-term use can result in facial swelling and weight gain. It may also increase your risk for osteoporosis.
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs
These medications suppress the chemicals in your body that cause inflammation. This can help reduce prevent joint damage. DMARDs are typically taken by mouth but can also be injected.
These medications can prevent inflammation on a cellular level. Biologics are typically injected. The main types of biologics are anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha drugs, abatacept, and ustekinumab. Each blocks different proteins within the body.
Your risk for infection may increase while taking biologics since they work by suppressing your immune system.