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What Are The Different Types Of Arthritis

Mixed Connective Tissue Disease

Dr. Bob: Different types of arthritis

Mixed connective tissue disease is an autoimmune disease with overlapping characteristics of three connective tissue diseases: systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, and polymyositis. In addition to joint pain, symptoms include muscle pain or weakness, low-grade fever, fatigue, and Raynaud’s syndrome.

The cause of MCTD isn’t known, but there may be a genetic component. It’s much more prevalent in women than in men, especially young women.

This disease is very difficult to diagnose because its symptoms overlap with other diseases, and the symptoms don’t occur all at the same time. The distinguishing point with MCTD is the high concentrations of anti-U1 RNP in the blood.

Treatment involves managing symptoms with anti-inflammatory medications, pain relievers, and other drugs as needed. Treatment is dependent on the severity of the symptoms.

The 100 Forms Of Arthritis

  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Adult onset Stills disease
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis
  • Discitis
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen disease
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Mixed connective tissue disease
  • Mixed cryoglobulinemia
  • Pachydermoperiostosis Pagets disease of bone
  • Palindromic rheumatism
  • Undifferentiated connective tissue syndrome
  • Urticarial vasculitis

What Is Involved In Reviewing Your Medical History And Your Current Symptoms

When reviewing your medical history, your healthcare provider may ask the following questions:

  • Have you had any illnesses or injuries that may explain the pain?

  • Is there a family history of arthritis or other rheumatic diseases?

  • What medication are you currently taking?

Your healthcare provider may also ask:

  • What symptoms are you having? For example, pain, stiffness, difficulty with movement, or swelling.

  • About your pain:

  • What makes it worse?

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What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis, or RA, is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease, which means that your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake, causing inflammation in the affected parts of the body.

RA mainly attacks the joints, usually many joints at once. RA commonly affects joints in the hands, wrists, and knees. In a joint with RA, the lining of the joint becomes inflamed, causing damage to joint tissue. This tissue damage can cause long-lasting or chronic pain, unsteadiness , and deformity .

RA can also affect other tissues throughout the body and cause problems in organs such as the lungs, heart, and eyes.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Ra

The 5 Most Common Types of Arthritis

With RA, there are times when symptoms get worse, known as flares, and times when symptoms get better, known as remission.

Signs and symptoms of RA include:

  • Pain or aching in more than one joint
  • Stiffness in more than one joint
  • Tenderness and swelling in more than one joint
  • The same symptoms on both sides of the body
  • Weight loss

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Two Main Categories Of Arthritis

Arthritis conditions fall into one of two categories: degenerative or inflammatory. Degenerative arthritis diseases cause damage to the area surrounding a jointcommonly referred to as the wear and tear variety. Inflammatory arthritis conditions involve the immune system they are autoimmune disorders. These disorders cause the body to mistakenly attack its own tissues, which cause issues or damage inside joints. A tell-tale sign of inflammatory arthritis is the presence of white blood cells in the joint fluid.

Despite its prevalence, arthritis isnt completely understood. It can begin unexpectedly, masquerade as other diseases, and defy treatment. Sometimes symptoms are clear and visible , but often the pain and discomfort wont show up on the surface of the body.

If you suspect arthritis is the source of your pain, stiffness, and inflammation, the first step is a concise and accurate diagnosis.

The 5 Most Common Types Of Arthritis

Posted on December 2nd, 2015 by Orthopaedic Specialty Group

Contrary to popular belief, arthritis is not a disease. Rather, it is an informal way of referring to joint pain and disease, according to the Arthritis Foundation. In fact, there are more than 100 types of arthritis, affecting people of all ages, races, and genders.

While many different types of arthritis exist, these five forms seem to be the most prevalent.

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Characterizing The Most Common Types Of Arthritis

There are more than 100 different kinds of arthritis and other related diseases out there. Arthritis can affect anyone at any age, and is one of the leading causes of disability due to chronic pain. Since there are so many types of arthritis and people who can get it, this common condition is one that should be more understood.

General arthritis symptoms include pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints. These factors may limit range of motion, but there can be windows of time where symptoms ease. Symptoms can be mild, moderate, or severe.

There Are Different Types Of Arthritis

Prevention and Treatment with different types of arthritis

It is important not to mistake arthritis with osteoporosis. They are as follows:

  • Arthritis: A general term for conditions that affect the joints and surrounding tissues. Joints are places in the body where bones come together, such as the knees, wrists, fingers, toes, and hips. The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Osteoporosis: A condition in which the bones become less dense and more likely to fracture. In osteoporosis, there is a loss of bone tissue that leaves bones less dense and more likely to fracture. It can result in a loss of height, severe back pain, and change in posture. Osteoporosis can impair a persons ability to walk and can cause prolonged or permanent disability

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Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis

Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis is a condition that affects the spine and back. It does not cause inflammation, unlike other kinds of arthritis. It occurs when ligaments and connective tissues harden , most commonly in the spine, creating in bony bridges between the tiny bones of the back . This hardening can also be seen in the tissues around other joints , resulting in bony growths where the tendons and ligaments connect to the bone.

DISH is not a novel illness it has been found in ancient Egyptian bones and has been detected throughout the archaeological record. However, many doctors are still unfamiliar with DISH because of the wide range of symptoms from person to person and our lack of knowledge of the condition.

What Are The Prognosis For Arthritis And What Are Arthritis Complications

The outlook for patients with arthritis depends on its severity, complications, and whether or not there are non-joint manifestations of the disease. For example, rheumatoid arthritis can affect the lungs, kidneys, eyes, etc. Chronic joint inflammation can lead to permanent damage to the joint and loss of joint function, making movement difficult or impossible.

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Following Are The 10 Different Types Of Arthritis

Osteoarthritis-This is the most common type of arthritis and develops after the cartilage that covers the end of the bones starts to wear out. Age or overuse is some of the common factors that contribute to the break down of this cartilage. In the absence of this cartilage, the bones will begin to rub against each other resulting to friction, which will eventually lead to swelling and pain.

Osteoarthritis affects any joint, but in most cases it affects the hand-joints and other weight-bearing joints such as hip, knee and facet joints.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: This type of arthritis is a long-lasting condition that normally affects all joints of the body except those of the lower back. Rheumatoid arthritis develops when the immune system of the mistakenly attacks the lining of the joints causing them to swell. As a result, this inflammation will spread to the surrounding cartilages thus damaging them.

Ankylosing Spondylitis: It mostly affects the spine. It develops within the vertebrae, the disks that make the spine. Besides ankylosing spondylitis being an immune disease, it is also hereditary. The symptoms include stiffness and back pain. Over time, the effects of ankylosing spondylitis fuse the vertebrae making an individual less mobile. This condition does not have any cure but can be improved by some medicine and exercises.

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Common Types Of Arthritis

Types of Arthritis: Know the difference

Bacterial infections from septic arthritis can start as a skin infection or urinary tract infection . Your body reacts to the infection with inflammation, increasing pressure and a reduction of blood flow within the area, which only advances the damage to the joint.

The most common cause of septic arthritis is a bacterial infection with staphylococcus aureus , which often causes skin infections. Other bacterial infections that may cause septic arthritis are haemophilus influenzae, gram negative bacilli, streptococci, and gonococci.

Prompt treatment is advised because this infection can quickly and severely damage the cartilage and bone within the joint. Treatment involves antibiotics which should be taken as soon as possible if the septic arthritis is caused by a virus, you cannot treat it with medicine. You can also use medications , physical therapy, or a splint on the joint to alleviate pain.

Too much pus can cause further damage, so the fluid can be drained from the joint with a needle or surgically . Delayed treatment can result in joint degeneration and permanent damage.

Degenerative Arthritis

The most common type of arthritis, degenerative arthritis, is also known as osteoarthritis. This wear and tear variety of arthritis occurs when joint cartilage and the bone within the joint begin to wear away. The breakdown of cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones where they meet to form joints starts to become painful as the erosion worsens.

Reactive Arthritis

Gout

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The Causes Of Different Types Of Arthritis

May 04, 2019 | Arthritis

What causes arthritis is a complicated question. There is more than one cause, just as there is more than one type of arthritis. Actually, there are over 100 types of arthritis. The vast nature of the condition itself should give you a sense of its complexity.

What Can I Do To Make Living With Arthritis Easier

Changing your routine can make living with arthritis easier. Adjust your activities to lessen joint pain. It may help to work with an occupational therapist . An OT is a healthcare provider who specializes in managing physical challenges like arthritis.

An OT may recommend:

  • Adaptive equipment, such as grips for opening jars.
  • Techniques for doing hobbies, sports or other activities safely.
  • Tips for reducing joint pain during arthritic flare-ups.

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What Are The Risk Factors For Ra

Researchers have studied a number of genetic and environmental factors to determine if they change persons risk of developing RA.

Characteristics that increase risk

  • Age. RA can begin at any age, but the likelihood increases with age. The onset of RA is highest among adults in their sixties.
  • Sex. New cases of RA are typically two-to-three times higher in women than men.
  • Genetics/inherited traits. People born with specific genes are more likely to develop RA. These genes, called HLA class II genotypes, can also make your arthritis worse. The risk of RA may be highest when people with these genes are exposed to environmental factors like smoking or when a person is obese.
  • Smoking. Multiple studies show that cigarette smoking increases a persons risk of developing RA and can make the disease worse.
  • History of live births. Women who have never given birth may be at greater risk of developing RA.
  • Early Life Exposures. Some early life exposures may increase risk of developing RA in adulthood. For example, one study found that children whose mothers smoked had double the risk of developing RA as adults. Children of lower income parents are at increased risk of developing RA as adults.
  • Obesity. Being obese can increase the risk of developing RA. Studies examining the role of obesity also found that the more overweight a person was, the higher his or her risk of developing RA became.

Characteristics that can decrease risk

Will I Need Surgery For Arthritis

Are There 100 Different Types of Arthritis?

Healthcare providers usually only recommend surgery for certain severe cases of arthritis. These are cases that havent improved with conservative treatments. Surgical options include:

  • Fusion: Two or more bones are permanently fused together. Fusion immobilizes a joint and reduces pain caused by movement.
  • Joint replacement: A damaged, arthritic joint gets replaced with an artificial joint. Joint replacement preserves joint function and movement. Examples include ankle replacement, hip replacement, knee replacement and shoulder replacement.

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What Are The Best Foods For Arthritis

There is no strict diet to cure arthritis. There are certain food products, which have a number of health benefits and can also reduce inflammation in the body. These foods include fish, carrot, oranges, berries, grapes, green leafy vegetables, olives, and other food products rich in omega-3 fatty acids, calcium and vitamin C.

How Can I Improve My Quality Of Life

  • Get physically active. Experts recommend that adults be moderately physically active for 150 minutes per week. Walk, swim, or bike 30 minutes a day for five days a week. These 30 minutes can be broken into three separate ten-minute sessions during the day. Regular physical activity can also reduce the risk of developing other chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes. Learn more about physical activity for arthritis. You can exercise on your own or participate in a CDC-recommended physical activity program.
  • Go to recommended physical activity programs. Those concerned about how to safely exercise can participate in physical activity programs that are proven effective for reducing pain and disability related to arthritis and improving mood and the ability to move. Classes take place at local Ys, parks, and community centers. These classes can help you feel better. Learn more about CDC-recommended physical activity programs.
  • Join a self-management education class, which helps people with arthritis or other conditionsincluding fibromyalgiabe more confident in how to control their symptoms, how to live well and understand how the condition affects their lives. Learn more about the CDC-recommended self-management education programs.

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Possible Causes Of Arthritis To Name A Few

Osteoarthritis Causes

Osteoarthritis is associated with cartilage damage. While no single factor appears to cause cartilage damage, researchers emphasize: excess weight stresses the joints as do certain sports, work, and injury. Genetics is thought to play a role in osteoarthritis. Age alone is no longer seen as the cause of osteoarthritis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Causes

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. The disease develops as the immune system malfunctions and attacks the bodys own tissues. The cause is considered unknown though genetics plays some role in the production of inflammation.

Gout Causes

Gout develops when excess uric acid accumulates in the body and crystals are deposited in the joints. This can develop because of excessive uric acid production or under-elimination of uric acid. Certain foods and medications can increase the level of uric acid.

Reactive Arthritis Causes

Reactive arthritis causes joints to become inflamed as a result of an infection that triggers the immune system. The joints are not infected, however. Usually, this condition resolves.

Do Certain Types Of Weather Make Arthritis Worse

Managing Arthritis Pain

Some people find that arthritis feels worse during certain types of weather. Humidity and cold are two common triggers of joint pain.

There are a variety of reasons why this might happen. People tend to be less active in rainy seasons and the wintertime. The cold and damp can also stiffen joints and aggravate arthritis. Other theories suggest that barometric pressure, or the pressure of the air around us, may have some effect on arthritis.

If you find that certain types of weather make your arthritis worse, talk to your healthcare provider about ways to manage your symptoms. Dressing warmly, exercising inside or using heat therapy may help relieve your pain.

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Arthritis is a disease that affects the joints. There are many types of arthritis, all of which can cause pain and reduce mobility. Some forms of arthritis result from natural wear and tear. Other types come from autoimmune diseases or inflammatory conditions. There are a variety of treatments for arthritis, ranging from physical or occupational therapy to joint surgery. Your healthcare provider will assess your symptoms and recommend the right treatment plan for your needs. Most people can successfully manage arthritis and still do the activities they care about.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 04/15/2021.

References

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Soft Tissue Musculoskeletal Pain

Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain is felt in tissues other than the joints and bones. The pain often affects a part of the body following injury or overuse, such as tennis elbow, and originates from the muscles or soft tissues supporting the joints.

Pain that is more widespread and associated with other symptoms may indicate fibromyalgia.

What Are The Complications Of Ra

Rheumatoid arthritis has many physical and social consequences and can lower quality of life. It can cause pain, disability, and premature death.

  • Premature heart disease. People with RA are also at a higher risk for developing other chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes. To prevent people with RA from developing heart disease, treatment of RA also focuses on reducing heart disease risk factors. For example, doctors will advise patients with RA to stop smoking and lose weight.
  • Obesity. People with RA who are obese have an increased risk of developing heart disease risk factors such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Being obese also increases risk of developing chronic conditions such as heart disease and diabetes. Finally, people with RA who are obese experience fewer benefits from their medical treatment compared with those with RA who are not obese.
  • Employment. RA can make work difficult. Adults with RA are less likely to be employed than those who do not have RA. As the disease gets worse, many people with RA find they cannot do as much as they used to. Work loss among people with RA is highest among people whose jobs are physically demanding. Work loss is lower among those in jobs with few physical demands, or in jobs where they have influence over the job pace and activities.

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