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What Are All The Types Of Arthritis

So What Exactly Is Arthritis

What are the different types of arthritis?

Arthritis is defined as a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. There are over 100 different forms of arthritis. The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis , a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age. Other arthritis forms are rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and related autoimmune diseases. Septic arthritis is caused by joint infection.

The most 5 common types of arthritis are Osteoarthritis, Fibromyalgia, Gout, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , more than a third of adults who have arthritis report it limits their leisure and work activities. 25% of them state it also causes severe pain .

Children and teens get a type of arthritis called juvenile idiopathic arthritis . “Juvenile” means young and “idiopathic” means the cause is not known. JIA is also sometimes called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis .

An example of Rheumatoid Arthritis of the hand.

Many people confuse osteoporosis and different types of arthritis.

Other Conditions And Joint Pain

Other forms of arthritis, and other conditions, can also cause joint pain. Examples include:

  • fibromyalgia syndrome, a condition in which your brain processes pain in your muscles and joints in a way that amplifies your perception of the pain
  • scleroderma, an autoimmune condition in which inflammation and hardening in your skin connective tissues can lead to organ damage and joint pain

Key Points About Arthritis

  • Arthritis and other rheumatic diseases cause pain, swelling, and limited movement in joints and connective tissues in the body.

  • Arthritis and other rheumatic diseases can affect people of all ages. They are more common in women than men.

  • Symptoms may include pain, stiffness, swelling, warmth, or redness in 1 or more joints.

  • There is no cure for arthritis. The treatment goal is to limit pain and inflammation and preserve joint function.

  • Treatment options include medicines, weight reduction, exercise, and surgery.

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List Of Different Types Of Arthritis

Published: 2015-06-23 – Updated: 2022-01-14Author: Disabled World | Contact: Disabled World Peer-Reviewed Publication: N/AJump to:Main Digest | Publications

Synopsis:General information and list of over 150 various types of arthritis, a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints in humans. The most 5 common types of arthritis are Osteoarthritis, Fibromyalgia, Gout, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Children and teens get a type of arthritis called juvenile idiopathic arthritis . “Juvenile” means young and “idiopathic” means cause unknown.

How Is Spinal Arthritis Treated

Steps to Reduce Your Risk Of Developing Some Types Of Arthritis

The treatment for spinal arthritis depends on many factors. They may include your age, level of pain, type and severity of arthritis and personal health goals. Because the joint damage caused by arthritis is irreversible, the treatment usually focuses on managing pain and preventing further damage.

Nonsurgical treatments for spinal arthritis may include:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids to reduce pain and swelling

  • Other medications targeting specific symptoms or triggers of inflammatory arthritis

  • Physical therapy to improve back muscle strength and range of motion in the spine

  • Lifestyle changes to reduce inflammation or stress on your spine: losing weight, quitting smoking, changing your posture, etc.

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Other Types Of Arthritis

OA is the most common type of arthritis. Others are:

What Are The Different Types Of Arthritis

Arthritis is a broad term that describes more than 100 different joint conditions. The most common types of arthritis include:

  • Osteoarthritis, or wear and tear arthritis, which develops when joint cartilage breaks down from repeated stress. Its the most common form of arthritis.
  • Ankylosing spondylitis, or arthritis of the spine .
  • Juvenile arthritis , a disorder where the immune system attacks the tissue around joints. JA typically affects children 16 or younger.
  • Gout, a disease that causes hard crystals of uric acid to form in your joints.
  • Psoriatic arthritis, joint inflammation that develops in people with psoriasis .
  • Rheumatoid arthritis, a disease that causes the immune system to attack synovial membranes in your joints.

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What Autoimmune Diseases Cause Joint Pain

Rheumatoid Arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease that typically causes inflammation of the joints and the encompassing tissue. It can also affect other organs. The symptoms to look out for are joint pain, fatigue, increased muscle aches, weakness, loss of appetite, and prolonged morning stiffness.

Autoimmune Conditions That Can Overlap With Ra

What Are Common Types of Arthritis?

RA is the most common type of autoimmune arthritis and it overlaps with a lot of other rheumatologic conditions, Dr. Wallace says. This isnt that commonthe prevalence is about 1.5%, Dr. Wallace says. But still, its common enough that when we see someone with RA we will ask them a list of questions to see if they have any features of other autoimmune diseases and if they do, wed look for them with blood tests, exams, or imaging.

When two inflammatory rheumatic diseases overlap, its aptly called an overlap syndrome. The conditions that can overlap with RA include:

  • Sjogrens syndrome

In these situations, you may be diagnosed with RA and that other condition, or the other condition with a RA phenotypemeaning you have some characteristics of RA but not enough diagnostic features for a secondary diagnosis. In these cases, you would get treatment for RA on top of the other condition, Dr. Wallace says. When you have features of multiple connective tissue diseases without meeting the full diagnostic criteria for any one, its referred to as undifferentiated connective tissue disease.

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How Different Types Of Arthritis Affect Your Joints Differently

Do you believe your joint pain is caused by arthritis? With over 100 different types of arthritis identified, knowing the type you have could be the key to relieving your pain and inflammation. A qualified specialist can correctly diagnose your arthritis type and properly manage your symptoms with a targeted regimen.

At Western Orthopaedics in Arvada and Denver, Colorado, our team of orthopaedic specialists has many years of combined experience diagnosing and treating the various forms of arthritis. They can properly classify your arthritis type and treat your joint pain and any other symptoms.

Infectious And Reactive Arthritis

Infectious arthritis is an infection in one of your joints that causes pain or swelling. The infection can be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi. It can start in another part of your body and spread to your joints. This kind of arthritis is often accompanied by a fever and chills.

Reactive arthritis can occur when an infection in one part of your body triggers immune system dysfunction and inflammation in a joint elsewhere in your body. The infection often occurs in your gastrointestinal tract, bladder, or sexual organs.

To diagnose these conditions, your doctor can order tests on samples of your blood, urine, and fluid from inside an affected joint.

The fingers are most commonly affected with psoriatic arthritis , but this painful condition affects other joints as well. Pink-colored fingers that appear sausage-like, and pitting of the fingernails, may also occur.

The disease may also progress to your spine, causing damage similar to that of ankylosing spondylitis.

If you have psoriasis, theres a chance you could also develop PsA.

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How Is Arthritis Diagnosed

If you think you may have arthritis, see your healthcare provider. The provider will ask about your symptoms and learn how joint pain affects your life. Your provider will perform a physical exam, which may include:

  • Assessing mobility and range of motion in your joints.
  • Checking for areas of tenderness or swelling around your joints.
  • Evaluating your overall health to determine if a different condition could be causing your symptoms.

How Can I Manage Oa And Improve My Quality Of Life

Do you know? There are nearly 100 different types of arthritis and ...

CDCs Arthritis Program recommends five self-management strategies for managing arthritis and its symptoms.

  • Learn self-management skills. Join a self-management education class, which helps people with arthritis and other chronic conditionsincluding OAunderstand how arthritis affects their lives and increase their confidence in controlling their symptoms and living well. Learn more about the CDC-recommended self-management education programs.
  • Get physically active. Experts recommend that adults engage in 150 minutes per week of at least moderate physical activity. Every minute of activity counts, and any activity is better than none. Moderate, low impact activities recommended include walking, swimming, or biking. Regular physical activity can also reduce the risk of developing other chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Learn more about physical activity for arthritis.
  • Go to effective physical activity programs. For people who worry that physical activity may make OA worse or are unsure how to exercise safely, participation in physical activity programs can help reduce pain and disability related to arthritis and improve mood and the ability to move. Classes take place at local Ys, parks, and community centers. These classes can help people with OA feel better. Learn more about CDC-recommended physical activity programs.

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What Are The Risk Factors For Arthritis

Some factors make you more likely to develop arthritis, including:

  • Age: The risk of arthritis increases as you get older.
  • Lifestyle: Smoking or a lack of exercise can increase your risk of arthritis.
  • Sex: Most types of arthritis are more common in women.
  • Weight: Obesity puts extra strain on your joints, which can lead to arthritis.

Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis

Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis is a disease affecting the bones. Inflammation is normally one of the bodys protective responses to infection or injury, but in diseases such as CRMO, uncontrolled inflammation can cause damage. In CRMO, inflammation targets the bone and can occur throughout the body.

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How Is Spinal Arthritis Diagnosed

Your doctor may use some or all of the following diagnostic methods to confirm spinal arthritis:

  • Medical history and physical exam

  • Blood tests for genetic markers and/or RA antibodies

  • X-rays of the spine to locate the arthritic joint

  • MRI, CT scan, myelography, bone scan and/or ultrasound to zero in on the damage, detect nerve and spinal cord involvement or rule out other causes

  • Joint aspiration: testing of the synovial fluid inside a joint

To pinpoint the painful joint, your doctor may numb it with an injection and check whether the pain goes away.

Q Can Allergies Cause Body Aches

Prevention and Treatment with different types of arthritis

A. Rarely do people associate joint pain with allergies. The truth however is that when allergies cause inflammation, joint pains are inevitable. Well, lets first try to understand what allergies are .The Meaning of Allergies..

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Degenerative Or Mechanical Arthritis

Degenerative or mechanical arthritis refers to a group of conditions that mainly involve damage to the cartilage that covers the ends of the bones.

The main job of the smooth, slippery cartilage is to help the joints glide and move smoothly. This type of arthritis causes the cartilage to become thinner and rougher.

To compensate for the loss of cartilage and changes in joint function, the body begins to remodel the bone in an attempt to restore stability. This can cause undesirable bony growths to develop, called osteophytes. The joint can become misshapen. This condition is commonly called osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis can also result from previous damage to the joint such as a fracture or previous inflammation in the joint.

What Are The Parts Of A Joint

Joints get cushioned and supported by soft tissues that prevent your bones from rubbing against each other. A connective tissue called articular cartilage plays a key role. It helps your joints move smoothly without friction or pain.

Some joints have a synovial membrane, a padded pocket of fluid that lubricates the joints. Many joints, such as your knees, get supported by tendons and ligaments. Tendons connect muscles to your bones, while ligaments connect bones to other bones.

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What Are The 3 Types Of Arthritis

The Three Most Common Types of Arthritis

  • Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis the most common form of arthritis.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease, which means that the immune system attacks parts of the bodyespecially the joints.
  • Psoriatic Arthritis.

Which form of arthritis is an autoimmune disease that attacks the joints?

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. Normally, your immune system helps protect your body from infection and disease. In rheumatoid arthritis, your immune system attacks healthy tissue in your joints. It can also cause medical problems with your heart, lungs, nerves, eyes and skin.

What diseases cause joint pain?

Other causes. Joint pain can be caused by: bursitis, or inflammation of the cushioning pads around joints. lupus. gout. certain infectious diseases, such as mumps, influenza, and hepatitis.

What Can I Do To Make Living With Arthritis Easier

OSTEOARTHRITIS (OA) â Symptoms, Causes, Risk Groups, Prevention and ...

Changing your routine can make living with arthritis easier. Adjust your activities to lessen joint pain. It may help to work with an occupational therapist . An OT is a healthcare provider who specializes in managing physical challenges like arthritis.

An OT may recommend:

  • Adaptive equipment, such as grips for opening jars.
  • Techniques for doing hobbies, sports or other activities safely.
  • Tips for reducing joint pain during arthritic flare-ups.

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Q How Much Glucosamine Do I Need

A. Arthritis is a very common problem among the Americans. According to the statistics, around 22.7% of the American adults are diagnosed with some forms of arthritis, such as gout, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and others..

Can Imaging Exams Detect Arthritis

Imaging exams can help your healthcare provider get a clear picture of your bones, joints and soft tissues. An X-ray, MRI or ultrasound can reveal:

  • Bone fractures or dislocations that may be causing you joint pain.
  • Cartilage breakdown around your joints.
  • Muscle, ligament or tendon injuries near your joints.
  • Soft tissue inflammation.

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What Are The Risk Factors For Oa

  • Joint injury or overuseInjury or overuse, such as knee bending and repetitive stress on a joint, can damage a joint and increase the risk of OA in that joint.
  • AgeThe risk of developing OA increases with age.
  • GenderWomen are more likely to develop OA than men, especially after age 50.
  • ObesityExtra weight puts more stress on joints, particularly weight-bearing joints like the hips and knees. This stress increases the risk of OA in that joint. Obesity may also have metabolic effects that increase the risk of OA.
  • GeneticsPeople who have family members with OA are more likely to develop OA. People who have hand OA are more likely to develop knee OA.
  • Race Some Asian populations have lower risk for OA.

Arthritis Prevalence In The Us

Dr. Bob: Different types of arthritis

Arthritis and other rheumatic conditions are the most common cause of disability among U.S. adults and have been for the past 15 years.

  • Nearly 50% of people may develop symptomatic knee OA by age 85 years.
  • An estimated 52.5 million adults in the United States reported being told by a doctor that they have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia.
  • 26.0% of women and 19.1% men report doctor-diagnosed arthritis.
  • An estimated 27 million adults had osteoarthritis in 2005.
  • An estimated 5.0 million adults had fibromyalgia in 2005.
  • An estimated 1.5 million adults had rheumatoid arthritis in 2007.
  • In 2004, there were 454,652 total knee replacements performed, primarily for arthritis.
  • An estimated 3.0 million adults had gout in 2005, and 6.1 million adults have ever had gout.
  • An estimated 294,000 children under age 18 have some form of arthritis or rheumatic condition.
  • In 2004, there were 232,857 total hip replacements, 41,934 shoulder, and 12,055 other joint replacements, primarily for arthritis.

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Who Is At Risk For Arthritis

Some risk factors for arthritis that cant be avoided or changed include:

  • Age. The older you are, the more likely you are to have arthritis.

  • Gender. Women are more likely to have arthritis than men.

  • Heredity. Some types of arthritis are linked to certain genes.

Risk factors that may be avoided or changed include:

  • Weight. Being overweight or obese can damage your knee joints. This can make them more likely to develop osteoarthritis.

  • Injury. A joint that has been damaged by an injury is more likely to develop arthritis at some point.

  • Infection. Reactive arthritis can affect joints after an infection.

  • Your job. Work that involves repeated bending or squatting can lead to knee arthritis.

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