Effect On Life Expectancy
RA itself can shorten your life expectancy due to the complications from widespread inflammation.
Although people with RA may live into their 80s and 90s, if the disease is not effectively treated, life expectancy may decrease. According to a 2011 study, RA may reduce a persons life expectancy by 3 to 10 years.
Complications such as lung disease are just some of the ways RA can decrease your overall life expectancy.
A 2016 study of women with and without RA suggests that RA is associated with a . This is mainly due to respiratory disease or cardiovascular disease.
A 2015 Canadian study also found that the mortality rate for people with RA was 40 to 50 percent higher than the mortality rate for people without RA. The study analyzed data from 1996 to 2009.
Lung diseases alone can reduce your life expectancy because they can prevent the supply of vital oxygen to the rest of your organs and body tissues.
According to a 2015 study, lung disease makes up about
What Can Be Causing Widespread Tendon Damage Throughout My Body
I have developed widespread tendonitis throughout my whole body. It s in my arms ,elbows, shoulders, hips, knees and feet. What could be causing my tendons to be so weak and break down so easily ? Is it a specific defiency or maybe an autoimmune response? I m a 23 yr old male with semi active job.i used to go to the gym but now i cant with these tendon issues. Please someone help me.
1 like, 38 replies
Recommended Reading: What Really Causes Arthritis
What Are The Signs Of Neck Arthritis
Pain is the most obvious symptom of a disk problem in the neck, yet the degree of damage has little to do with how much it hurts.
You can have 100 people with the same amount of degenerative changes in their cervical spine, and only a small percentage have neck pain, says Dr. Mroz. Among those who do experience neck pain, the discomfort is usually short-lived, improving on its own within six to 12 weeks.
Sometimes, cervical arthritis narrows the space where nerve roots exit the spine, pinching the nerve. You can feel this as a radiating pain down your arm, or as numbness and weakness in your arm and hand. If a collapsed disk or a bone spur pushes into the spinal cord and causes compression, it can produce more serious symptoms
Symptoms of cervical osteoarthritis include:
- Pain and stiffness in the neck
- A headache that originates in the neck
- Shoulder or arm pain
- Difficulty turning the head or bending the neck
- Grinding sensation when turning the neck
Symptoms of cervical spondylosis can improve with rest and are more severe in the morning, as well as at the end of the day. If cervical osteoarthritis puts pressure on the spinal cord, it can cause a condition called cervical myelopathy.
Don’t Miss: Side Effects Of Arthritis Medications
Features At Baseline And Predictive Factors
Crude HRs indicated older age , increased baseline ESR and increased baseline HAQ as significantly associated with an increased risk of development of RA-ILD . Sex, socio-economic status, smoking, HLA-DRB1 SE, baseline RF and ANA titres, DAS, VAS pain, nodules and X-ray erosions were not associated with an increased incidence . Neither was the prior use of MTX. Age, baseline ESR and HAQ were entered into a multivariate Cox Proportional Hazards Regression model.
Crude and adjusted HRs and 95% CI for incidence of RA-ILD and mortality following diagnosis of RA-ILD
Only age and baseline ESR were significantly associated with increased risk of RA-ILD. The adjusted risk estimates relate to a 10-year difference in age and are associated with a 64% increase in the likelihood of a rheumatoid patient developing ILD over a shorter period, and a 10-unit increase in baseline ESR associated with an 11% increase. Considering the 3-year AUCs for HAQ, VAS pain, ESR and DAS, the crude HRs were all significant . However, when included in a multivariate model, along with age, only the estimate for ESR remained significant .
How Does Shoulder Arthritis Develop
Shoulder arthritis usually results from gradual wear and tear of the cartilage. Cartilage is present in every joint in the body it covers the surface of the bones inside the joints similar to Teflon on a ball bearing. Cartilage is a living tissue 2 millimeters to 3 millimeters thick about the thickness of one or two layers of cardboard. This makes the contact between bones softer. If the cartilage is intact, it can take multiple rotations with no wear of the surface because its smooth.
Shoulder arthritis typically develops in stages. First, the cartilage gets soft , then it develops cracks in the surface , then it begins to fibrillate , and finally, it wears away to expose the surface of the bone . As a result, it loses its ability to act as a smooth, gliding surface.
The cartilage doesnt wear away all at once over the entire surface of the bone in a joint. Instead, it wears at different rates in different parts. So if you consider the surface of a ball bearing that was covered with Teflon, this type of wear would be as if the Teflon had pits and the surface would now be irregular .
Once the surface becomes irregular, the cartilage may undergo further damage. It may begin to thin out, eventually leading to the bones of the shoulder rubbing against each other . Many people think that arthritis is bone-on-bone traction in the joint, but in reality, arthritis is the process that can lead to the bone-on-bone traction.
Donât Miss: Can You Get Rheumatoid Arthritis In Your Back
Read Also: Symptoms Of Arthritis In Arms
Tips For Coping With Ra
In addition to following your doctors suggested treatment plan, there are other things you can do to manage your condition. You can:
Eat a balanced diet. A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean protein can increase your energy and boost your mood. Junk foods may aggravate inflammation and cause weight gain. More weight puts additional stress on your joints.
Listen to your body. If you do something physical and then have severe pain lasting an hour or more, it means youve probably overdone it. When you start feeling increased pain, stop the activity and rest.
Use assistive devices. There are a variety of devices specially designed to meet the needs of people with arthritis. These include kitchen utensils, household tools, and even writing implements with easy-grip features. Using these tools can improve your daily life.
Ask for help. Enlist the aid of family and friends for the most difficult tasks, such as heavy lifting, vacuuming, and scrubbing floors.
Move your body. Make sure you move a little each day. It will help with muscle strength and flexibility. Ask your doctor how much exercise and what kind is best for you. If possible, work with a personal trainer or physical therapist to formulate an exercise plan. Also, avoid staying in one position for too long. Get up from a seated position at least once every 30 minutes to stretch and move around. If youre doing work involving a gripping action, try to release your grip every 10 to 15 minutes.
Patients Materials And Methods
A total of 1460 consecutive patients diagnosed with RA were recruited between 1986 and 1998 from nine centres representing all social strata in England. Entry criteria included < 2 years of symptoms and no prior treatment with DMARDs. Baseline and yearly assessments included standard clinical, laboratory, functional and socio-economic details, as previously described . These included ACR criteria, swollen and tender joint counts, HAQ, pain score measured using a visual analogue scale, ESR, RF and anti-nuclear antibody titres, BMI and hand/feet radiographs. Since the study began in 1986, the original three-variable disease activity score has been used, which is a composite of swollen and tender joint counts and ESR . Clinicians recorded extra-articular and co-existent medical conditions yearly, causes of death if known and all inpatient episodes. Smoking data are incomplete because they was not collected initially, but were added from 1998 in view of its recognized importance. HLA-DRB1 genotyping was carried out in a subgroup of 954 patients as previously described to determine shared epitope status . Socio-economic groupings were based on the census-based Carstairs deprivation quintiles .
Recommended Reading: Acute Arthritis Attack
Arthritis In The Head Or Skull
Preliminary analysis of the skeleton indicates it belonged to a 35- to 42-year-old man with a type of arthritis. His skull, though not his lower jaw. and natural erosion, he said, noting that head bones are relatively less hard than the rest.
Lower Back Pain Arthritis Hip What exercises are best suited for seniors with arthritis? I have osteoarthritis in my neck, back, hip and knee and have read that exercises can help ease the pain and stiffness. Aerobic exercises: Low-impact activities like walking, People with a low arch. include pain . Pain from flat
Q-I feel as though there is a pressure inside my head, and I greatly fear I have a brain tumor. Some tumors increase pressure within the skull or cranium, with symptoms of severe headaches and nausea early in the morning and.
Other symptoms include pain behind the eye, pain on sides of the head, tender scalp, sensitivity to light, and pain when moving the neck. How to get relief: To find an appropriate treatment, it is important to identify what is irritating the nerves. Here are some ways to relieve pain at base of skull: Try a heat pack and apply it.
Arthritis headaches, also known as cervicogenic headaches, are a symptom of an arthritic condition in the spine or neck that can be treated.
Recently, the pain has worsened it has travelled up to my left ear and head, causing mild discomfort. This flat sheet of muscle drapes from the back of the skull to the upper shoulders, and extends to the upper part of the back.
How Is Spinal Arthritis Diagnosed
Your doctor may use some or all of the following diagnostic methods to confirm spinal arthritis:
Medical history and physical exam
Blood tests for genetic markers and/or RA antibodies
X-rays of the spine to locate the arthritic joint
Joint aspiration: testing of the synovial fluid inside a joint
To pinpoint the painful joint, your doctor may numb it with an injection and check whether the pain goes away.
Degenerative Disk Disease: JanÃ¢s Story
At 78, Jan Greer wanted to stay active and athletic. Herniated disks, stenosis and other degenerative back problems were causing him unbearable pain. When the pain became too much to bear, he turned to Johns Hopkins.
Read Also: Ra Symptoms In Legs
The Effects Of Ra On The Lungs
The lungs can be affected in RA through the RA itself, or as an effect from treatment given for RA.
There are three situations in which the lung can be adversely affected in people with rheumatoid arthritis:
This article aims to give an overview of these three ways in which the lungs can be affected.
What Is Shoulder Arthritis
Shoulder arthritis is damage to the cartilage inside the shoulder joint. The shoulder has two joints. Shoulder arthritis commonly refers to the bigger ball-and-socket joint named the glenohumeral joint after the bones it connects . The cartilage covers both the ball and the socket .
When the cartilage in the shoulder begins to break down on the surface and eventually in the deeper layers, its called shoulder arthritis. The second joint in the shoulder, the acromioclavicular or AC joint, can also develop arthritis known as AC joint arthritis.
Recommended Reading: Ways To Help Arthritis In Hands
Hot And Cold Treatments For Symptom Relief
Hot and cold packs cant treat the underlying causes of back pain, but they can help to reduce the pain and stiffness you feel during a flare-up.
Use a heat pack to help improve blood flow and reduce muscle spasms. It can also help make your pain more manageable.
Use a cold pack to help reduce RA inflammation. It should mainly be used for flare-ups or acute pain.
Cold packs may feel uncomfortable at first, but they can reduce swelling and help the pain. Cold packs should only be applied for 20 minutes at a time, 3 to 4 times a day.
Medication can be an effective way of controlling chronic back pain. The type of medication youll need depends on how severe your pain is and how often you experience it.
A variety of medications can alleviate pain and even slow the progression of RA.
You May Like: What Vitamins Are Good For Arthritis
How Does Ra Link To Pulmonary Fibrosis
The cause of pulmonary fibrosis is unknown, but RA can increase your risk for it because of the inflammation. Research also shows that high counts of RA antibodies are linked to the development of interstitial lung disease .
ILD is the most common lung disease thats associated with RA. Its a serious and life-threatening condition that can develop into pulmonary fibrosis.
Other factors can increase your risk for pulmonary fibrosis, including:
- cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental pollutants
- viral infections
- a history of a gastroesophageal reflux disease
Also Check: Rheumatoid Arthritis In Shoulders And Neck
Heart And Blood Vessel Disease
Pericarditis, or inflammation of the membrane that surrounds your heart, usually develops during flares. Flares are times when your RA is worse.
If it happens a lot, pericarditis can make the membrane thicker and tighter. That can interfere with your heart’s ability to work the way it should.
Rheumatoid nodules can also form on the heart and affect the way it works.
Inflammation of the heart muscle itself, called myocarditis, is a rare complication.
Heart disease doesn’t always have symptoms before a crisis. Your doctor can spot some problems during a checkup and may recommend lifestyle changes or medication.
Shortness Of Breath Or Coughing And Risk Of Lymphoma
Rarely, shortness of breath or coughing is a sign of lymphoma, which is a cancer of the blood and lymph system. RA doubles the chances of getting lymphoma, raising the lifetime risk from about 2% to 4%.7,8
Other signs and symptoms of lymphoma include swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, itchy skin, and/or night sweats. Swollen lymph nodes appear as lumps under the skin. Unlike rheumatoid nodules, these lumps are most likely to appear in the groin, armpit, or neck.
Don’t Miss: Stiff Hands Treatment
Limited Mobility Or Range Of Motion
For men and women who develop arthritis in their knees, activities that were once simple, easy, or routine may become difficult or even impossible to do without limitations and discomfort. Walking, running, or getting in and out of a car can, oftentimes, prove disproportionately challenging for patients with arthritis of the knee. The damage and loss of cartilage associated with arthritis are usually to blame for this phenomenon.
You May Like: Test For Arthritis In Knees
What Is The Long
Skin involvement alone is usually not very serious. Vasculitis that involves the nerves and internal organs is more difficult to treat and usually occurs in people with very severe rheumatoid arthritis. For all of these reasons, it can potentially impact outcome and requires close medical follow-up.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 02/28/2019.
You May Like: How To Ease Arthritis Pain In Fingers
Dont Rule Out Walking
You may walk to burn off fat or some steam. But regular walking may even help you burn off shoulder pain. This low-impact workout is most effective when you stand up tall with your shoulders back.
A daily walk can improve your mood and can keep your weight in check. It may also help decrease swelling and stiffness in your joints.
Recommended Reading: Can Rheumatoid Arthritis Affect Your Lungs
What Increases Your Risk For Arthritis
Sometimes arthritis can occur with no known cause. But there are also factors that can increase your risk for all types of arthritis.
Age: Advanced age increases a persons risk for arthritis types such as gout, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis.
Family history: You are more likely to have arthritis if your parent or sibling has an arthritis type.
Gender: Women are more likely to have RA than men while men are more likely to have gout.
Obesity: Excess weight can increase a persons risk for OA because it puts more pressure on the joints.
History of previous injuries: Those who have injured a joint from playing sports, from a car accident, or other occurrences are more likely to experience arthritis later.
Even if you dont feel the symptoms, you should discuss your potential risks for arthritis with your doctor. They can help provide ways to prevent or delay arthritis.
Just as the location of arthritis varies, not all people will have the same type of arthritis.
Recommended Reading: Cure For Arthritis In Hands
Symptoms Of Pain Behind The Ear And Down The Neck
Pain down the neck and behind the ear is not a condition in itself. Ear and neck pain are usually symptomatic of other health issues and will usually be accompanied by other symptoms. For example, an ear infection can cause neck pain behind the ear on one side of your head and could be accompanied by swelling or discharge from your right or left ear.
Associated symptoms of pain behind the ear and neck can include:
- Throbbing pain in the neck and on one side of your head
- Shock-like pains at the top of your neck and behind your ear
- Redness of the ear or behind the ear that is sore to touch
- Soreness when turning your head from side to side
- Intense pain from your jaw that extends behind one ear
- An aching toothache that radiates pain to your ear
- Increased sensitivity to light along with a thumping headache